Serbian food Welcome
Choose type of food… Celebration and other food MAIN MEALS Aperitifs DESSERT SALADS Introduction
Introduction • Serbian cuisine is a mixture of Hungarian, Turkish and traditional Serbian food. In this presentation you can find food from all parts of Serbia. Some of the meals are from my hometown, like Kompletlepinja. You have a recipe for each meal and I hope that you will prepare some of them and tell us if you have enjoyed it. • Enjoy yourselves!
Aperitive • Sour cherry sauce
Main meals • Podvarak • Monarch cabbage (kaludjerskikupus) • Karadjordje’s steak (Karađorđeva šnicla) • Prebranac - Serbian Baked beans • Serbian Stuffed Peppers - Punjene paprike • Serbian casserole (đuveč) • Sour cabbage rolls (Sarma) • Leskovackamuckalica
Salads • Ajvar • Serbian tomato salad • Tomato soup
Dessert • Salčići • Vasa’s cake • Vanilice • Dried Fruit Compote • Lazy apple pie • Plazma cake
Celebration and other food • Proja • Proja with cheese • Serbian Christmas Bread (Česnica) • Great cake for Serbian Orthodox traditional celebration “Slava” • Kompletlepinja • SERBIAN CHEESE PITA • Old bread sauce
Proja Ingredients How to make: A kilo of corn flour salt and mix with cold water that is not much gusto. Bake in hot oven for forty minutes • 1 kg corn flour • Cup of water • Salt
Proja with cheese Ingredients : How to make: Mix well. Add one teaspoon of baking powder, and bake in the preheated oven. • 1/2 kg corn flour • 200 g cheese • 2-3 eggs • Cup of sour milk • baking powder
Podvarak Ingredients Preparation Instructions Dice 6 large onions and fry shortening or lard. Use slow fire and fry about 30 to 40 minutes. Take the cabbage and place it in a saucepan. Drain it and soak in cold water for about 15 minutes, then drain it and add to the onions. Mix and fry it for 30 minutes. Remove from fire, add a cup of water and place upon it a turkey, duck, goose or a piece of fresh pork and put it into the oven to bake for 3 to 4 hours. The meat should be slightly greased on top with shortening or lard and salted and peppered to suit. • 6 large onions • 1 kg pickled cabbage • 1 cup water • Turkey, duck, goose or fresh pork • Shortening or lard
Ajvar Ingredients Preparation Heat oven to 475 degrees. Place washed eggplants and peppers on a baking sheet with a lip to catch any juices, and roast until their skins blister and turn black, about 30 minutes. Place roasted vegetables in a heatproof bowl. Cover with plastic wrap and let them steam for 10 minutes. Peel off and discard blackened skins, stems and seeds. In a large bowl, mash or chop vegetables, depending on how smooth or chunky you like your ajvar. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Add garlic and lemon juice, and drizzle in oil, stirring constantly. Transfer to a glass dish and sprinkle with chopped parsley for garnish, if desired. Store covered and refrigerated for up to 1 week. • 2 large eggplants, about 3 pounds • 6 large red bell peppers • Salt and black pepper • 1 garlic clove, finely chopped • Juice of 1 lemon • 1/2 cup good-quality olive oil • 1 tablespoon finely chopped parsley (optional)
Monarch cabbage (kaludjerskikupus) Ingredients Preparation Cut the cabbage in larger pieces. Cut meat into smaller pieces and salt it. Do not mix meat. Wash spareribs in lukewarm water. In the larger pot (or crock) of 5 liters put at the bottom few sheets of dry bacon then add layers by following order: cabbage, pork, cabbage, sausage, cabbage, beef, cabbage, spareribs, cabbage, lamb meat, cabbage, bacon, cabbage, cracklings, cabbage. At top put the bacon cut on sheets again, and a few solid leaves of cabbage. In the gallon of water mix salt, pepper and cayenne pepper, and pour cabbage. Add water to cover ingredients. Place the cabbage on a moderate heat to cook slowly. Do it four days, two hours every day. Serve warm with hot pone. • 4 kg of pickled cabbage, • 300 g pork, • 300 g beef, • 300 g lamb meat, • 300 g sausage, • 500 g of spareribs, • 200 g cracklings, • 400 g lean bacon, • salt and pepper to taste, • 2 tablespoons cayenne pepper.
Karadjordje’s steak (Karađorđeva šnicla) Ingredients Preparation Pound pork steaks until they are thin and soft and on each steak put a little kajmak (or cream cheese). Wrap the meat into the rolls and secure each piece with a toothpick. Coat the steaks in the flour, then dip them into beaten eggs and finally roll in bread crumbs. Fry in hot oil until golden yellow. • 500 g boneless pork steaks, • 150 g kajmak (Serbian creamy dairy product) – you can use some cream cheese instead, • 2 eggs, • flour, • bread crumbs, • salt.
Komplet lepinja Ingredients How to make Cut off the upper third of lepinja. Grease the lower part with milk cream. Stir the egg and pour it over milk cream. Press it a little into lepinja put it into a hot oven and bake it about 1O minutes. When you take it out, pour warmed pretop over it. For one person you need: • 1 lepinja (a sort of flat bun) • 1 egg • 1 soup spoon of old Zlatibor milk cream • 5 soup spoons of "pretop" (fat and sauce of lamb or pork roast -you can find it in each meat bakery)
Prebranac - Serbian Baked beans Ingredients Preparation Wash beans and place to cook. Add head chopped onion, red pepper and bay leaves. In another bowl, on a lot of oil fry 1kg finely cut onion, and when it is done, add chopped parsley leaf, salt, pepper and cayenne pepper. When the beans soften, drain them, and in the aligned baking dish put, alternately, beans, onion and finish with bacon. Bake in oven 1h. • 500 g beans • 300 g bacon • 2 bay leaves • 1 Serbian red pepper • 1 kg onion • Oil • cayenne pepper • parsley leaf
Serbian Stuffed Peppers - Punjene paprike Ingredients How to prepare Brown onions in oil. Take from oven and cool before adding the egg. Mix in meat and rice. Add salt. Mix well.Clean peppers and remove seeds. Stuff peppers with meat mixture.Place in a dish with lid suitable for ovens.Poor water on top.. Add the spices and sugar. Cook for about an hour.Add tomato sauce and cook for another half hour. • Peppers(sweet, fresh, 9 medium) • Rice,100 gr • Ground Pork, 500 gr • Onions • Salt 1 tbsp • Mixed spices 3 tsp • Brown Sugar, 3 tsp • Packed Tomato Sauce, 2 cup • 1 egg
SERBIAN CHEESE PIE Ingradients Preparation Oil 16"x8" (or so) baking pan. Put two layers of thick or 4 layers of thin dough leaves. Sprinkle oil in between leaves. Mix all of the above ingredients and place a layer over the leaves. Repeat layers (2 thick or 3 thin) until pan is full. Finish with leaves. Mix 1 egg and 1/2 cup of milk and pour over the pita. Prick with fork. Bake at 350 degrees for 1 hour. • Large cottage cheese • 1-2 sticks butter • 1 lg. Philadelphia cream cheese • 1/2 lb. Feta cheese, crumbled • 5-6 eggs • 1 pkg. pastry layers (in grocery stores) or 1 1/2 pkgs. thick dough leaves
Lazy apple pie Ingredients Preparation Stir together 200 g of margarine and 100 g of lard, add 10 tablespoons of sugar and 4 egg yolks and continue stirring well. Add 2 cups of milk, 600 g of flour mixed with a baking powder and vanilla sugar. Knead the dough. Put more than half of dough in greased baking pan, then well beat 4 egg whites with 6 tablespoons of sugar and pour over the dough in the pan. Add 1 kg of sour grated apples to all of that. Spread the rest of the dough to form the crust that fit pan shape and place it over filling. Place the pie into the medium heated oven and bake until the crust is golden brown. Sprinkle powder sugar over warm pie. • 200 g margarine, • 100 g lard, • 400 g sugar, • 4 eggs, • 2 cups of milk, • 600 g flour, • 1 sachet of baking powder, • vanilla sugar, • 1 kg sour apples.
Sour cherry sauce Ingredients Preparation All pitted sour cherries season with a little cinnamon. Put cinnamon seasoned pitted sour cherries, a lemon peel of lemon half, 4 grain saccharin and salt in a pot, pour over water to cover all ingredients, and cook. 3 tablespoons of flour stir with 1 dl of sour cream. When water with sour cherries boils pour flour – sour cream mix and cook until it boils again. • 400 g pitted sour cherries, • a little cinnamon, • lemon peel of lemon half, • 4 grain saccharin, • salt, • 3 tablespoons flour, • 1 dl sour cream.
Serbian tomato salad Ingredients Preparation Clean and cut onions. If it is a mature onion, slice into strips, if the onion is young – cut into rings. Sliced onion, mature one, wash to remove the bitterness. At the same time crumple it a little. Fresh cucumbers wash, peel and cut into rings or half rings. Wash tomatoes (choose only healthy, hard ones) and cut into pieces that are suitable for a fork prick. Cut peppers into thin strips. All combine with onions, add salt to taste and pour oil. Stir carefully to keep the whole tomato pieces. Pour into a salad bowl and sprinkle finely chopped parsley. • 500 g tomatoes, • 150 g onions (young or mature), • 200 g cucumbers, • 1 hot pepper, • a bunch of parsley, • 80 g oil, • salt to taste.
Serbian casserole (đuveč) Ingredients Preparation Cut the meat into cubes, bacon into strips, sausage into slices. Chop onions. Peel and cut potatoes into small cubes. Heat the oil and fry onions, bacon and sausage. Add meat, pour 1.5 dl of water and add seasoning of dried vegetables. Simmer all together for a little while. Add potatoes and rice. Continue simmering. Add vegetables, finely cut parsley, salt and pepper. Pour water to cover the ingredients. Put casserole in the preheated oven with lid on and bake for 30 minutes. Remove the lid and bake for another 20 minutes. Total time of 50 minutes. Serve warm. • 600 g meat (half beef and half pork, or pork only), • 100 g dried bacon, • 150 g dried sausages, • 2 onions, • a handful of rice, • 4 medium sized potatoes, • a bunch of parsley, • 1 tbsp of dried vegetable seasonings, • oil, • salt, • pepper, • 1 kg of frozen vegetables (eggplant, carrots, green beans, peppers, tomatoes).
Plazma cake Ingredients Directions All ingredients (including crushed cookies) are mixed (melt margarine to ease the process) and formed into any cake shape you like (this is great for children's birthdays). Top with whipping cream. • Plazma biscuit 400 grams • Margarine 125 grams • Walnuts, 1 cup, (chopped) • Dried fruits and jelly candies 100 grams • Orange and apricot juice drink 1 cup (8 fl oz) • Heavy Whipping Cream, 500 ml • Chocolate 100 g
Old bread sauce Ingredients Preparation Soak bread in milk and then grind all together in a blender. Briefly fry finely chopped onions and garlic in a saucepan. Pour a little water, add pepper, dried vegetable seasoning, cayenne pepper and simmer for a while. Then add grinded bread and all simmer over low heat for another 10 minutes. • milk, • old bread, • finely chopped onion, • finely chopped garlic, • little water, • pepper, • dried vegetable seasoning, • cayenne pepper.
Tomato soup Ingredients Preparation Fry one tablespoon of flour in oil and add cooked tomato juice to it. If you do not have a cooked tomato juice, you can add tomato paste tube with one liter of warm water. When tomato is cooked, add the salt, sugar, pepper, basil, and cook for 15 minutes. You can add pasta or rice to soup. When you serve soup, butter can be put into each plate. • 1 liter of cooked tomato juice, • 1 tablespoon of flour, • 1 teaspoon of sugar, • 2 basil leaves, • salt, • pepper, • 50 g butter.
Dried Fruit Compote Ingredients Preparation In a large saucepan, place fruit, water, cloves, cinnamon, zest, if using, and sugar. Bring to a boil, stirring frequently, and simmer, covered, for about 20 minutes or until fruit is tender and syrup has thickened slightly. Add more water if you like a liquidy consistency or reduce by further simmering for a thicker compote. Cool in an ice water bath and transfer to impeccably clean containers. Refrigerate for up to 1 week. • 1 1/2 pounds dried fruits (prunes, apricots, figs, apples, peaches, pears, berries) • 8 cups water • 8 whole cloves • 2 cinnamon sticks • Lemon zest, optional • 1 cup sugar, or to taste
Vanilice Ingredients Preparation Mix lard at room temperature with sugar. Add eggs, and in the end, walnuts. Switch to dough kneaders on your mixer and start adding flour gradually. The recipe states that so much flour should be added "as the dough will soak up", which means a compact mass that doesn't stick to your fingers but is soft nevertheless. Depending on the size of the eggs, this is about 500 g of flour, but be prepared to add some more until the dough looks like mine, pictured above (finish kneading by hand). Mix icing sugar with vanilla sugar or cut and deseed the vanilla pod and add it to the icing sugar. We used vanilla sugar when I was little because vanilla pods were unavailable and expensive, but go for the real thing if you can get hold of it. Pre-heat the oven to 200 degrees. Line a shallow baking tray with greaseproof paper. Roll out your dough on a surface dusted with flour so it doesn't stick. The dough should be about 3 mm thick. Take a smallish round form and cut out circles which you should arrange on the tray (no need to space them, they will hardly change during baking) and bake for about 5 minutes, just until they start changing colour. Glue two discs with apricot jam and roll them in vanilla icing sugar. Keep in a cookie jar for everyone to enjoy, they will hold for weeks. • 250 g ground walnuts • 250 g lard • 250 g sugar • 4 eggs • flour (c. 500 g, but prepare more) • apricot jam • 200 g icing sugar • vanilla sugar or vanilla pod
Sour cabbage rolls (Sarma) Taste sourness of sour cabbage, separate leaves and if it is necessary pour water over it to reduce acidity and saltness. While cabbage is in the water, fry finely chopped onions in the half of oil, add meat, and fry it too, add salt, add pepper, sprinkle with ground red pepper, dried vegetables seasoning and add rice. All mix and remove from stove. Clean cabbage leaves from thickenings by laminating them, but carefully not tearing the cabbage leaves. On each leaf put of the filling of fried meat and onions, roll cabbage rolls (sarme), first from yourself, then from sides, then again from yourself and place them in suitable cooking pot. It is best to cabbage rolls fit in one layer, but not too tight with one another. Between cabbage rolls put on few places, smoked bacon cut peaces and smoked pork ribs. Crumb laurel leaf and dried red peppers and sprinkle over cabbage rolls. Pour water over all, so the cabbage rolls sinks. At the beginning cook on a high temperature (until water boils), and then at medium temperature for 20 minutes. Ingredients Preparation • 2 medium sized heads of pickled cabbage (about 20 good leaves), • 750 g mixed minced meat (more beef, less pork), • a smaller peace of smoked bacon, • some smoked pork ribs, • 6 onions, • 1 cup rice, • 3 dried red peppers, • 1 tablespoon of flour, • 1 cup of oil, • salt, • pepper, • dried vegetables seasoning, • Laurel Leaf, • ground red pepper. • In the other half of oil fry the flour, add a little ground pepper, whisk and all pour over cabbage rolls which are cooking. Shake the pan so browned flour can fine to smear everywhere, and with spoon just a little separate cabbage rolls so the water and browned flour can coalesce with each other into a complete sauce. • Place dish in pre-heated oven and bake on medium temperature for about 2 hours. Temperature should not exceed 200 °C. If cabbage rolls starts to becoming brown on the surface, cover them with foil, but do not seal them, so it could be able to evaporate. If during the time of cooking all water evaporates, add a little hot water. Cabbage needs to be well and long cooked. • Finished cabbage rolls remove from the oven and serve with pieces of smoked bacon and pork ribs.
Great cake for Serbian Orthodox traditional celebration “Slava” If the instant yeast then it is directly used (interfere), and each 1 / 2 kg of flour, one bag goes dry (instant) yeast. If the yeast, then the following procedure:First, knead the yeast so that the lower court in a jam about 30 g brewer’s yeast, poured the tepid milk, break the lumps and add salt and flour, the dough can be made rarely.The court put the yeast in the not too hot place to bread. While yeast rain, put a kilo and a half of flour to the court for mixing the flour a good warm up next to the stove. In another court in paragraph 4 of yolk, 4 tbsp sugar, a piece of butter, yeast, which had previously stood in a little lukewarm water or milk, and all mixed together well. Add the grated rind of lemon, add a little flour slowly and knead the dough by pouring lukewarm milk until the dough like a pie for each of similar composition. When dough begins to separate from the court and it bubbles begin to pop up means that it is enough done. To make it even more dough may be added during mixing in a little melted butter so that the melted butter about 100 g is added during mixing in a bit to dough, oil drench hands and continues stirring. If you knead the dough like this, then the cake will be much wetter and tastier. Then cover the dough with a clean cloth and leave in a warm place near stove until the dough rise. When the dough has almost filled the court, or when it becomes about twice than when it was mixed. Place dough on a flat board for mixing dough and makes the Slava cake.The appearance of the cake depends on the skills housewives. Cake is made in the form of bread or a round in which the mold is oven. What is important is that the cake be crossed, or has a pattern in the shape of the cross in the middle, and may be mounted wreath of knitted braids of dough that is made by cutting with a small knife.Decoration of the cakes can be made from sour dough, and knead to be especially lean dough without yeast, eggs and milk, and these tests make the cake decorations. Since the test is done everything we want in a house: the birds, which are health and happiness, to cluster the vineyard well-born, that keg in the house everything was in abundance, and the most important decoration is “Poskurica” with an I, S, H, R, N, I, K, A,. This sign is placed in the middle of the cake.The whole cake is yolk coating and decoration is left white. Ingredients Preparation If the instant yeast then it is directly used (interfere), and each 1 / 2 kg of flour, one bag goes dry (instant) yeast. If the yeast, then the following procedure:First, knead the yeast so that the lower court in a jam about 30 g brewer’s yeast, poured the tepid milk, break the lumps and add salt and flour, the dough can be made rarely.The court put the yeast in the not too hot place to bread. While yeast rain, put a kilo and a half of flour to the court for mixing the flour a good warm up next to the stove. In another court in paragraph 4 of yolk, 4 tbsp sugar, a piece of butter, yeast, which had previously stood in a little lukewarm water or milk, and all mixed together well. Add the grated rind of lemon, add a little flour slowly and knead the dough by pouring lukewarm milk until the dough like a pie for each of similar composition. When dough begins to separate from the court and it bubbles begin to pop up means that it is enough done. To make it even more dough may be added during mixing in a little melted butter so that the melted butter about 100 g is added during mixing in a bit to dough, oil drench hands and continues stirring. If you knead the dough like this, then the cake will be much wetter and tastier. • 1.5kg of flour, • 30kg yeast, • 4 yolk, • 4 tablespoons sugar, • piece oils, • lemon peel, • milk, • 1 egg yolk, • salt. The cake is placed in the oven and carefully roasted. Baked cake is removed from the molds and leave to cool.
Salčići (Pork fat puff pastry) Ingredients Preparation After you've processed the fat, mix it with the three tablespoonfuls of flour and the salt. Leave in fridge for at least 30 minutes. In the meantime, prepare your dough. Mix the yeast with sugar and warm milk. Add to flour, together with the lard, the salt and the eggs. Save the extra egg-white, you will need it later. Knead into a smooth dough and roll out with a rolling pin to shape a big rectangular. Visually divide your rectangular in thirds - spread half of the fat mixture on it, leaving one third (for instance, on the left hand side) uncovered. Then fold this third over the greased middle third, and fold the right hand side third on top of it. Roll out and leave to rest for 20 minutes. Repeat this using the other half of the fat and leave to rest for another 20 minutes. At this point, I'd advise you to split the dough sheet in half, because you'll need more space to roll it out thin (c. 5 mm). Cut out 12 x 12 cm large squares and brush the edges with the remaining egg white. Put a dollop of your filling (be it nut, jam or minced meat if you prefer your salčići in savoury disguise) in the middle and fold to make a triangle. Bake on a sheet of greaseproof paper for about 20 minutes at 200° C. While still warm, roll in icing sugar. • 1/2 kg leaf fat • 3 Tbsp flour • 1 Ts salt • Dough: • 1 kg flour • a cube of fresh baker's yeast (35 g) • 3 egg yolks • 4 egg whites • 5 Ts sugar • 1 Tbsp lard • salt (to taste) • 500 ml milk • icing sugar
Serbian Christmas Bread (Česnica) Ingredients Preparation Dissolve yeast in little lukewarm milk. Beat one egg and add to yeast. Add salt and stir, gradually adding the flour and pouring the remaining lukewarm milk until you get a smooth dough. When the dough is stiff enough, start kneading it. Cover well kneaded dough with a clean cotton canvas cloth and leave it to rise. As soon as you notice that dough started to rise, place it onto kneading board and gently knead again. Dough for česnica should not rise completely, only partially – as a Serbian flat bread (pogača) dough. Česnica is also shaping same as Serbian flat bread – pogača. While shaping, place a coin inside the dough. If you do not have a silver one, you can put a coin made of some other stainless metal. Place česnica into a greased baking pan. Using edges of a small twig, make some patterns along the top surface of česnica. Twig of badnjak (similar to Yule log) it usually used. Use a soft brush to spread beaten egg all over patterns and surface area. Bake in a preheated oven until česnica gets to be golden brown. The initial oven baking temperature may be higher, but later reduce it. Baked česnica wrap in a clean white napkins, leave to stand for a while, and bring to the table while it is still warm. • 1/2 l milk, • 1 packet of yeast, • 2 eggs, • pinch of salt, • flour as needed (about 1 kg), • silver or gold coin.
Leskovacka muckalica Ingredients Preparation Heat 2 tablespoons of butter and 2 tablespoons of oil together in a large pot. When the oil is very hot, add the pork in batches and brown on all sides, about 5 minutes. Remove pork. Add the remaining butter and oil to the drippings in the pan. When hot, add the onions and cook them over medium heat, stirring constantly, until they are soft and golden colored. Sprinkle the flour and paprika powder over the onions and cook for 2 minutes longer, stirring constantly. Reduce the heat and add the pork and the sliced peppers, beef stock, tomato paste, minced garlic, salt, and bay leaf. Stir to mix well. (There will seem to be not enough liquid in the mixture, but don't panic and add more stock. As the paprika cooks, it will release plenty of moisture.) Increase the heat to bring the mixture to a boil. Then reduce heat to low, cover the pot, and let the muckalica simmer for 1 to 1 1/2 hours. Stir the mixture occasionally. Serve muchkalica with white rice, a green salad, and hot cornbread. Yield: 6 servings. • 4 tablespoons butter or margarine • 4 tablespoons vegetable oil • 2 pounds boneless pork, thinly sliced and cut into long strips about • 1/2 inch wide • 3 medium onion, cut crosswise thinly and separated into rings • 2 tablespoons flour • 3 tablespoons hot paprika powder(cayenne powder) • 1 green bell pepper, seeds removed, cut lengthwise into strips • 1 red bell pepper, seeds removed, cut lengthwise into strips • 1 yellow bell pepper, seeds removed, cut lengthwise into strips • 2-3 Serranos fresh or canned, cut crosswise into small rings • 1 cup beef stock • 3 tablespoons tomato pasta • 2-3 large garlic cloves, minced • 1 teaspoon salt • 1 bay leaf
Vasa’s cake Ingredients Preparation Serves: 10-12 Preheat the oven to 180 °C/350 F/Gas 4. Grease and base line 23 cm/9in round cake tin with greased greaseproof paper. In a bowl whisk together the egg yolks and caster sugar until pale and fluffy. Add walnuts and flour and combine all. In another clean bowl whisk egg whites to the stiff peak stage and carefully fold them into the egg yolk mixture, bit by bit, using a metal spoon. Now pour the mixture into the prepared cake tin and bake it for about 30 minutes. When it is baked, leave it to cool and than transfer to serving plate. Pour orange juice over cake and prepare the filling. For the filling melt chocolate and cool a little. In a saucepan put milk and 1 tablespoon sugar and heat it to boil and then pour over ground walnuts and mix well. Add melted chocolate, grated zest and juice of orange and combine all. In separate bowl whisk egg yolk and sugar until pale and add to chocolate mixture and finally add butter and mix well. Spread the filling over the cake, it will be thick like one layer of cake. Chill in the fridge for about 2 hours. Then whip the cream and spread over and around the cake. Can be decorated with grated chocolate. • 5 eggs • 5 tbsp caster sugar • 6 tbsp ground walnuts or almond • 1tbsp flour • juice 1 orange • FOR THE FILLING AND TOPPING: • 250 gr. ground walnuts • 4 egg yolks • 5 tbsp caster sugar • 150 gr. butter, soft • 50 gr. dark chocolate • 1/8 lit. milk • 1 orange • 300 ml. double cream