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WATER GOVERNANCE –KEY TO LIVELIHOOD SECURITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SSUTAINABILITY IN INDIA: ISSUES AND RESPONSES R.B.Singh and Sujeet Kumar Department of Geography Delhi School of Economics University of Delhi Delhi-110007, INDIA Email: email@example.com UNDERSTANDING WATER GOVERNANCE
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R.B.Singh and Sujeet Kumar
Department of Geography
Delhi School of Economics
University of Delhi
“Water Governance refers to the different political, social and administrative mechanisms that must be in place to develop and manage water resources and the diversity of water services at different levels of society” (CEDRE -& MIO- ECSDE Work shop).
Water governance as the range of political, social, economic and administrative systems that are in place to develop and manage water resources and the delivery of water services, at different levels of society-UNDP
Public, Private & Communities
COMPONENTS OF WATER GOVERNANCE
the respect, protection and fulfillment of the right to water.
international trade law (e.g. WTO).
protection of international law.
nomads) in national law.
deciding national and local water strategies.
Public participation helps in-
1951 – 5177 2001 – 1820
2025 : 1341 2050 : 1140
Water Stressed : Less than 1700 (cu.m / capita / year)
Water Scarce : Less than 1000 (cu.m / capita / year)
70% of global area including large parts of India will become water stressed by 2025
Rainfall < 100 mm
North-East, Very high
Rainfall > 2,500 mm
High Rainfall Area
(1953 to 2002)
Source: Central Water Commission
Culture and Indigenous Initiatives at the Community Level to Manage the Water
have changed the face of arid and semi arid India.
that is quite remarkable in terms of recharging ground water of the
across the slope to arrest rainwater with a high embankment on three
sides while the fourth side left open for the rainwater to enter.
is more than volume of run off coming from the catchments based on a
rough estimation of maximum possible run off that could come into it.
The water storage area varies from 2 hectares to a maximum of 100
water supplies, that could be undertaken through locally available skills
planting of trees around the source areas of springs.