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Wangana Piped Irrigation Network Project. Dr. Srinivasa Lingireddy Dipl.-Eng Alexander Allik Mr. Milind Murudkar. Land Irrigated by Wangana Project. Pipe Distribution Network. From Pump Station. Steering India into 21 st Century. Piped irrigation is very common in developed world

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wangana piped irrigation network project

Wangana Piped Irrigation Network Project

Dr. Srinivasa Lingireddy

Dipl.-Eng Alexander Allik

Mr. Milind Murudkar

pipe distribution network
Pipe Distribution Network

From Pump Station

steering india into 21 st century
Steering India into 21st Century
  • Piped irrigation is very common in developed world
  • Probably the only way water is supplied for irrigation in most developed countries
  • Piped irrigation is long overdue in India
  • Wangana would be a role-model
steering india into 21 st century5
Steering India into 21st Century
  • Traditional canal irrigation is highly inefficient
    • At most 50% efficiency
    • OK when water has little or no value
    • NOT acceptable when we add value to water by lifting it up several 10s of meters
steering india into 21 st century6
Steering India into 21st Century
  • Piped Irrigation
    • Almost 100% efficiency
    • Highly suitable for hilly terrains
    • High residual pressures at several outlets
      • Direct connection to sprinkler or drip irrigation
    • Easy to measure water usage
    • NO loss of precious irrigable land
    • Fewer cross drainage works
    • No water logging and consequent reduction in agricultural yield
will the piped irrigation be more costlier8
Will the piped irrigation be more costlier ?
  • Not necessarily, when we look at the overall efficiency and benefits
    • Value added water
    • Life of the project
    • Cross drainage works
    • Maintenance costs
    • Savings in irrigable land
  • There may not be much difference in cost per hectare as more efficient use of water will help irrigate more land
are there any problems with piped irrigation systems10
Are there any problems with piped irrigation systems ?
  • There are advantages and disadvantages to any system
    • Calls for more competent design engineers and contractors
    • Unsophisticated cheap designs may end up in more maintenance problems
    • Poor quality construction may lead to leakage, pipe breaks and failure of the entire project
cost savings through efficient design and use of sophisticated pressure and flow control equipment

Cost Savings through efficient design and use of sophisticated pressure and flow control equipment

cost savings
Cost Savings
  • Most pipeline failures are due to improper management of air in distribution networks
    • Air in pipes is a big problem
    • Proper management is essential
cost savings13
Cost Savings
  • Large quantities of air enters and get trapped only if the pipes are allowed to drain

Entrained Air

Pump trip – water stops

Water drains

by gravity when

there is no control

Water drains

by gravity when

there is no control

cost savings14
Cost Savings
  • Large quantities of air CHOKES the pipes and reduce their carrying capacity.
  • This requires over sizing of pipes and increased costs.

Entrapped Air can Choke the pipe

and reduce its capacity

cost savings15
Cost Savings
  • PFCMD (Pressure Flow Control Metering Device) prevents draining of pipes

No air entrainment !

PFCMD shuts

down when the

pressure goes down

cost savings16
Cost Savings
  • Small quantities of entrained air will be removed through air valves
cost savings17
Cost Savings
  • Little or no air in the pipes allow for most economical sizing of pipes
pressure flow control metering device pfcmd19
Pressure Flow Control Metering Device (PFCMD)
  • Maintains 10 L/s irrespective of pressure at each outlet
  • Will measure consumption
  • Shuts down when the pressure drops below the set value
  • Virtually maintenance free
  • Operates solely based on available pressure
  • No need for external power or electricity
  • No need for control systems like SCADA
modern design tools
Modern Design Tools
  • Pipe2000 Hydraulic Modeling Software
  • Allows for optimal diameter selection based on limits on velocities and pressures
  • Computes total cost of the project based on the unit cost of pipes
  • PFCMD can be included in the model
summary
Summary
  • Use of modern technology and good engineering helped us minimize the overall cost of the project while providing a state-of-the-art solution and maintenance free design