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Peer-to-Peer File Sharing and its Effects on the World. Written and Presented by: Craig Schweitzer. Peer-to-Peer File Sharing. What is peer-to-peer(P2P) file sharing and how does it work? How has P2P file sharing affected the nation and the world?
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An application on the computer to allow a user to give, receive, or transfer files to another location(computer on the network)
These software applications allow a user’s computer to act as a servent(a server and a client) and at the same time protects people from malicious damage like that done by some hackers by allowing downloads, but not uploads. There is still a threat of viruses and bad files from within downloaded files.
This is a picture of what a P2P application looks like
Back in the 80’s, most people in the world would never believe that you could get music, movies and all types of software files for their computer. By now this has become commonplace. But to get them for free?! This is divine!!
Before P2P, most industries like the music, movie, and software developers relied on the fact that they could put a compact disc, tape, dvd, software package out and do whatever they would like. They would charge outrageous prices for a piece of garbage. Now, they think twice. They have to make a better produced product with better packaging.
The main issue behind the P2P is the conflict between the two positions; one believing in the idea that everybody should have the right to access knowledge and entertainment without the obligation to make other people rich off of their hard earned dollar, the other feeling that anybody taking the work of another person should pay for the services rendered.
Thanks for keeping us in business!!!(Producers and consumers)
Most people know about copyrights, but many don’t know about the fair use. This covers people who use code to advance and alter technology, people who burn cd’s, dvd’s, software. As long as you are not distributing this information or reselling it, you will probably not suffer any serious consequences
The idea behind this is that as long as you are not taking away from the company’s(or the creator’s) money, then you’re fine. Use of part of someone’s code is okay as long as you have built upon it to make it better. Using the information to learn about something is okay. Pretty much anything without a profit for you or a serious loss for them will be overlooked.
Many producers claim that music is being destroyed and the industry is crumbling. Why are most of the bands that dislike P2P also producers? Metallica, Dr. Dre, Limp Bizkit…need I say more. Most bands don’t care, because they are not seeing most of the money from cd’s anyway. Many actually appreciated what it has done for music.
Since the BetaMax came out, production studios have tried to sue as the solution. They tried to sue BetaMax for allowing to duplicate movies, which in turn, was not allowed because BetaMax took no part in what people did with their systems once they were on the market. If the general public wanted to illegally record copyrighted products, it was their fault
Eighteen record companies were involved in this case of copyright infringement. . This case drew a line in the sand about what is considered fair-use in this day in age. Napster tried many different defenses against the prosecutors, but none of them worked.
The Napster symbol
In fact, no defense that they tried worked. They ended up getting sued and having to pay royalties to artists who are downloaded from their site, and therefore had to begin charging the customers. Many other sites have opened up overseas, because of the relaxed copyright laws in other countries
Because of this lawsuit, many other P2P sites have sprouted and emerged from the wake of Napster. Some of the benefactors are companies like Kazaa, Morpheus, Gnutella, MyNapster, Hotline, and BearShare
INTERNET FILTER REVIEW, Jerry Ropelato http://www.internetfilterreview.com/peer-to-peer-file-sharing.html
Peer-to-Peer File Sharing and Copyright Law: A Primer for Developers, Fred von Lohmann
INTERNET AND PERSONAL COMPUTING FADS, BY Mary Ann Bell, Mary Ann Berry, and James L. Van Roeker
Computer-Mediated Communication: Human-to-Human Communication Across the Internet, by Susan B. Barnes