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Dispersants Detergents Anti-wear Agents Anti-oxidants Suspend sludge, carbon, and deposit forming material Control high temperature piston ring belt deposits, neutralize combustion/blowby acids Reduce wear and form protective film Control oil oxidation, varnish, and sludge

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motor oil additives
Dispersants

Detergents

Anti-wear Agents

Anti-oxidants

Suspend sludge, carbon, and deposit forming material

Control high temperature piston ring belt deposits, neutralize combustion/blowby acids

Reduce wear and form protective film

Control oil oxidation, varnish, and sludge

MOTOR OIL ADDITIVES

Additives

Type

Reason For Use

motor oil additives2
Rust & Corrosion Inhibitors

Friction Modifiers

Viscosity Modifiers

Prevent engine rust and corrosion

Reduce fuel consumption

Maintain low oil consumption and reduce viscosity change with temperature

MOTOR OIL ADDITIVES

Type

Additives

Reason For Use

important characteristics
Important Characteristics
  • API Rating
  • Viscosity
  • Viscosity Index
    • rate of change from 37.7°C to 98.8°C
    • higher VI (90 and above) is considered a better quality oil
  • Flash Point
    • temperature at which oil will “flash” when exposed to a flame
  • Pour Point
    • lowest temperature at which the oil will pour.
  • Other characteristics such as
    • gravity, color, carbon, etc.
sae categories
SAE CATEGORIES

API Performance Categories-Gasoline

sae categories5
SAE CATEGORIES

API Performance Categories-Gasoline

what is viscosity
What is Viscosity?
  • The Role of Viscosity
    • Viscosity is a measure of the oil’s resistance to flow
    • An oil’s resistance to flow is responsible for most of the drag put on the starter during cranking
    • The “Cold Cranking Simulator” and “Mini Rotary Viscometer” are the primary tests used to define the SAE “W” viscosity grades
    • Adequate viscosity at the operating temperature provides a thick, continuous film of oil between moving engine parts, hydrodynamic viscosity
    • Adequate viscosity on piston ring surfaces and cylinder walls help seal the combustion chamber
    • Too much viscosity at the operating temperature can create added resistance, resulting in increased fuel consumption, reduced heat transfer, and increased oil consumption
passenger car motor oils
Passenger Car Motor Oils

API Engine Oil &Certification System

  • EOLCS Has Two Types of API Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System Marks
    • API Service Symbols
    • API Certification Mark
      • Oils licensed to use this mark meet current ILSAC GF-3 standards
passenger car motor oils8
Passenger Car Motor Oils
  • Liquid Gold-Premium Quality
    • API SL
      • SAE 5W-20
      • SAE 5W-30
      • SAE 10W-30
      • SAE 10W-40
      • SAE 20W-50
      • SAE 30
      • SAE 40
passenger car motor oils9
Passenger Car Motor Oils
  • WSO SYNGARD
    • 5W40
  • WSO Extreme
    • API SJ
      • SAE 5W-30
      • SAE 10W-30
      • SAE 10W-40
      • SAE 20W-50
  • WSO Olympic Gold
    • API SG/CH-4
      • SAE 5W-30
      • SAE 10W-30
      • SAE 15W40
      • SAE 20W50
passenger car motor oils10
Passenger Car Motor Oils
  • ILSAC GF-3/SL
    • Reduced Volatility
    • New Emissions Test
    • Better Fuel Economy
    • Improved Oxidation & Dispersancy
    • Use of European and Japanese Tests to Demonstrate Performance
    • API Licensing July 2001
heavy duty engine oils12
Heavy Duty Engine Oils

CITGARD Olympic Gold

introducing
INTRODUCING

SYNGARD!

syngard heavy duty engine oil
SynGard Heavy Duty Engine Oil

SynGard

versus

Competitive Synthetic Oil!

syngard duty engine oil
SynGard Duty Engine Oil

.40 MPG Improvement

automotive transmission fluids
Automotive Transmission Fluids

Functions

  • Efficiently Transfer Power
  • Flow at Low Temperatures
  • Maintain Friction Durability
  • Prevent Wear
  • Resist Oxidation
  • Preserve Seals and Gaskets
  • Prevent Rust and Corrosion
  • Resist Foaming
automotive transmission fluids20
80-92% Base Oil

4-8% Dispersant Inhibitor Package

4-12% Viscosity Index Improver

~200 ppm Red Dye

Dispersants

Anti-oxidants

Friction Modifiers

Detergents

Corrosion Inhibitors

Anti-wear Agents

Pour Point Depressants

Seal Swell Additives

Automotive Transmission fluids

Formulation

Additives

automatic transmission fluids
Automatic Transmission Fluids

GM Service Fill ATF Specifications

automatic transmission fluids22
Automatic Transmission Fluids

Field Service Life of Transmission fluids

Automatics

Manuals

wso atf
WSO ATF

4 majors types of ATF

  • ATF Dexron II
  • ATF Dexron III-H
  • ATF Dexron III Plus
  • ATF Dexron V (Synthetic)
automatic transmission fluids24
Automatic Transmission Fluids

ATF Dexron-III/Mercon

  • Licensed GM Dexron-III
  • Licensed Ford Mercon
  • Licensed Allison C-4
  • Multifunctional-Reduces Inventory
    • Premium hydraulic fluid
    • Power steering fluid
    • Top off for may foreign vehicles
automatic transmission fluids25
Automatic Transmission Fluids

Transgard ATF +3

  • Frictional Characteristics for Chrysler Transmissions
  • Meets Chrysler specification MS-7176E
  • Recommended for most Hyundai and Mitsubishi vehicles
  • Do Not Use Where Dexron Type ATF is Recommended