MOTOR OIL ADDITIVES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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MOTOR OIL ADDITIVES

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  1. Dispersants Detergents Anti-wear Agents Anti-oxidants Suspend sludge, carbon, and deposit forming material Control high temperature piston ring belt deposits, neutralize combustion/blowby acids Reduce wear and form protective film Control oil oxidation, varnish, and sludge MOTOR OIL ADDITIVES Additives Type Reason For Use

  2. Rust & Corrosion Inhibitors Friction Modifiers Viscosity Modifiers Prevent engine rust and corrosion Reduce fuel consumption Maintain low oil consumption and reduce viscosity change with temperature MOTOR OIL ADDITIVES Type Additives Reason For Use

  3. Important Characteristics • API Rating • Viscosity • Viscosity Index • rate of change from 37.7°C to 98.8°C • higher VI (90 and above) is considered a better quality oil • Flash Point • temperature at which oil will “flash” when exposed to a flame • Pour Point • lowest temperature at which the oil will pour. • Other characteristics such as • gravity, color, carbon, etc.

  4. SAE CATEGORIES API Performance Categories-Gasoline

  5. SAE CATEGORIES API Performance Categories-Gasoline

  6. What is Viscosity? • The Role of Viscosity • Viscosity is a measure of the oil’s resistance to flow • An oil’s resistance to flow is responsible for most of the drag put on the starter during cranking • The “Cold Cranking Simulator” and “Mini Rotary Viscometer” are the primary tests used to define the SAE “W” viscosity grades • Adequate viscosity at the operating temperature provides a thick, continuous film of oil between moving engine parts, hydrodynamic viscosity • Adequate viscosity on piston ring surfaces and cylinder walls help seal the combustion chamber • Too much viscosity at the operating temperature can create added resistance, resulting in increased fuel consumption, reduced heat transfer, and increased oil consumption

  7. Passenger Car Motor Oils API Engine Oil &Certification System • EOLCS Has Two Types of API Engine Oil Licensing and Certification System Marks • API Service Symbols • API Certification Mark • Oils licensed to use this mark meet current ILSAC GF-3 standards

  8. Passenger Car Motor Oils • Liquid Gold-Premium Quality • API SL • SAE 5W-20 • SAE 5W-30 • SAE 10W-30 • SAE 10W-40 • SAE 20W-50 • SAE 30 • SAE 40

  9. Passenger Car Motor Oils • WSO SYNGARD • 5W40 • WSO Extreme • API SJ • SAE 5W-30 • SAE 10W-30 • SAE 10W-40 • SAE 20W-50 • WSO Olympic Gold • API SG/CH-4 • SAE 5W-30 • SAE 10W-30 • SAE 15W40 • SAE 20W50

  10. Passenger Car Motor Oils • ILSAC GF-3/SL • Reduced Volatility • New Emissions Test • Better Fuel Economy • Improved Oxidation & Dispersancy • Use of European and Japanese Tests to Demonstrate Performance • API Licensing July 2001

  11. Heavy Duty Engine Oils

  12. Heavy Duty Engine Oils CITGARD Olympic Gold

  13. Heavy Duty Engine Oils

  14. INTRODUCING SYNGARD!

  15. SynGard Heavy Duty Engine Oil SynGard versus Competitive Synthetic Oil!

  16. SynGard Duty Engine Oil .40 MPG Improvement

  17. SynGard Heavy Duty Engine Oil

  18. ATF

  19. Automotive Transmission Fluids Functions • Efficiently Transfer Power • Flow at Low Temperatures • Maintain Friction Durability • Prevent Wear • Resist Oxidation • Preserve Seals and Gaskets • Prevent Rust and Corrosion • Resist Foaming

  20. 80-92% Base Oil 4-8% Dispersant Inhibitor Package 4-12% Viscosity Index Improver ~200 ppm Red Dye Dispersants Anti-oxidants Friction Modifiers Detergents Corrosion Inhibitors Anti-wear Agents Pour Point Depressants Seal Swell Additives Automotive Transmission fluids Formulation Additives

  21. Automatic Transmission Fluids GM Service Fill ATF Specifications

  22. Automatic Transmission Fluids Field Service Life of Transmission fluids Automatics Manuals

  23. WSO ATF 4 majors types of ATF • ATF Dexron II • ATF Dexron III-H • ATF Dexron III Plus • ATF Dexron V (Synthetic)

  24. Automatic Transmission Fluids ATF Dexron-III/Mercon • Licensed GM Dexron-III • Licensed Ford Mercon • Licensed Allison C-4 • Multifunctional-Reduces Inventory • Premium hydraulic fluid • Power steering fluid • Top off for may foreign vehicles

  25. Automatic Transmission Fluids Transgard ATF +3 • Frictional Characteristics for Chrysler Transmissions • Meets Chrysler specification MS-7176E • Recommended for most Hyundai and Mitsubishi vehicles • Do Not Use Where Dexron Type ATF is Recommended