IOC Products and Services Alert, Earthquake Sea Level display/stations Tsunami event data Education, Awareness, Training - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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IOC Products and Services Alert, Earthquake Sea Level display/stations Tsunami event data Education, Awareness, Training PowerPoint Presentation
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IOC Products and Services Alert, Earthquake Sea Level display/stations Tsunami event data Education, Awareness, Training
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IOC Products and Services Alert, Earthquake Sea Level display/stations Tsunami event data Education, Awareness, Training

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  1. IOC Products and ServicesAlert, EarthquakeSea Level display/stationsTsunami event dataEducation, Awareness, Training Laura Kong, Director, ITIC ICG/IOTWS-II Hyderabad, India, 14-16 Dec 2005, rev 25 Jan2006, rev 7 Apr 2006

  2. Communications Plan forInterim Advisory Information System for the Indian Ocean Region, vers 16 Jan 2006 • Interim advisories by PTWC, JMA • 10-20 min after earthquake based on seismic information • As sea level stations are installed, advisories based on tsunami confirmation to be issued • Consistent format and wording of message • Consistent reporting of earthquake location and magnitude • Communications Test 4x/year TWC requests confirmation that links working JMA – 5 December 2005 Summary only 45% acknowledge response

  3. RANET – ITIC - PTWC Tsunami Alerts SMS/Cell Phone Text Messaging – 1 Mar 2005 Information Feeds(currently PTWC, but expand to other warning centers for cyclones, etc.) Commercial Gateway(near ‘global’ coverage where cell phone or satellite phone services exist) RANET Servers(receive messages and process to ensure security, backup, and place in appropriate SMS format)

  4. RANET – ITIC - PTWC Tsunami Alerts SMS/Cell Phone Text Messaging • What the SMS system IS NOT: • Not meant to replace existing and formal/official • means of communicating alerts or critical information. • Not meant to become the sole means of receiving • critical alert information – warnings and communication • should come through a ‘layered’ approach. • Not meant to be mass-public communicationsystem • for national official / disaster managers, • international organizations needing to be notified • Coverage: Africa, IO, Pacific, Central America • Pilot - contact l.kong@unesco.org, raw-sma@ranetproject.net

  5. Alert ServicesReal-Time Earthquake Display and Alert System (USGS – US NTHMP) Multi-platform Internet EQ broadcast Alert system (page, email) GIS Tsunami Warning

  6. Alert ServicesReal-time Earthquake Display and Alert System (USGS – US NTHMP) • Further enhancements (early 2006, v2.0): • Integrated Display and Emailer with text messaging • Tsunami Warning Message alerting – RED flashing • Tsunami travel time / model layers • Improved customization, GIS data layering, include raster images (currently vector only) • SIGN-UP: ITIC will be local administrator • Send email to itic.tsunami@noaa.gov

  7. Sea Level Station Decode / DisplayStation Inventory Web ServicePreserving Tsunami Data:Sea Level, Geophysical, Engineering, Social, etc

  8. IO GLOSS Sea Level Data Display What (PTWC-provided tool): • Decode, Display, Manipulate (expand, measure period/amplitude) satellite-transmitted sea level data • Open-sourceshell programming, graphics • (Tcl/Tk, BLT extension), PC, Linux, Unix • Continuously downloaded data (from GTS) • Continuously decodes satellite data, • creating station time series files 91642 46/// /1205 10296 40080 22200 00287555 77744 A0102 516`3 60029 6315B 03024 83030 00A07 02548 02901 29631 6B09024520 2400A 13025 90036 00297 317B1 50240 60310 0A190 26230 38002 96317B2102 37103 100A2 50266 50330 02973 18B27 02331 02800 A3102 70103 100298318B 33022 92026 00A37 02736 03401 29831 8B390 22570 2801A 43027 6602800299 319B4 50222 50230 0A490 27960 34002 98319 B5102 19202 901A5 5028220380 02983 19B57 02163 03200 BV289 134S1 41249 C0501 22080 00070 23677 44777=^^33487552206011307M94168411DZpQ^@@rI}0uW@1[Am@~@BsBYB\AG@BrBYBzAM@BqBZCUAB@BoBZCmA@@BmBZDMAI@BlBZDrAG@BlBZD?AD@BkBZETAL@BjBZEwAGABhBZ"@qv@oL3@[DvAI4B[5Ad6a`=OE0uVW>ZAnA|BYBkCRCqCsDWDnER"@us@so0uVV>YCqC?DBCtDSD[DnDxEGEa"@wh@wB_OLAoP 50+1NN 116W

  9. Sea level Station Global Inventory Objective Integrate tide station databases • tsunami warning center managers • determine if station supports tsunami • monitoring • Integrate operator inventories • US NOS CO-OPS, NWLON • Univ of Hawaii Sea Level Center (UHSLC) • Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) • West Coast/Alaska Tsunami Warning Center • (WC/ATWC) • IOC GLOSS • National Sea Level Networks International Tsunami Information Centre (ITIC), UH Sea Level Center (UHSLC), Pacific Disaster Center, World Data Center/NGDC, NOAA Pacific Region Integrated Data Enterprise (PRIDE) Project UH Sea Level Center (UHSLC), International Tsunami Information Centre (ITIC), WDC/NGDC NOAA Pacific Region Integrated Data Enterprise (PRIDE) Project

  10. push Web Service client pull ETL SDE WEB Sea level Station Web Service Concept: Web Services = - Integrate information - Open standards (e.g., XML) - Use Internet backbone. Information exchange without exposing data owner’s system - self-describing docs / interface - Establish XML schemas, - Push data out to, - Pull data in (multiple provider databases), • Transform, push out in multiple report formats • through central client server International Tsunami Information Centre (ITIC), UH Sea Level Center (UHSLC), Pacific Disaster Center, World Data Center/NGDC, NOAA Pacific Region Integrated Data Enterprise (PRIDE) Project

  11. Products: Sea Level Station Web Service Tool ArcIMS sea level station inventory application XML Tide Station Metadata Schema International Tsunami Information Centre (ITIC), UH Sea Level Center (UHSLC), Pacific Disaster Center, World Data Center/NGDC, NOAA Pacific Region Integrated Data Enterprise (PRIDE) Project UH Sea Level Center (UHSLC), International Tsunami Information Centre (ITIC), WDC/NGDC NOAA Pacific Region Integrated Data Enterprise (PRIDE) Project

  12. Preserving Critical Tsunami Information • Reconnaissance teams visit affected areas after tsunami events • Gather critical info including • Estimates of runup, scour, beach erosion, etc. • Physical measurements of damage • Eyewitness accounts • This info “disappears” if not gathered immediately • Why? Observations benchmark models Better mitigation

  13. Tsunami Reconnaissance Data Repositoryhosted by San Diego Supercomputermirror site IOC IODE, Belgium • New digital repository for reconnaissance data - Dec. 26th tsunami • Centralized archive with backup and preservation capabilities • User-friendly tools for searching / exploring / analyzing / extracting data • Curated by experts • Ability for community to add commentary • Developed as part of US NSF NEES program • George E. Brown, Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES) • Support efforts of IUGG Tsunami Commission data collection by providing archiving facility

  14. Tsunami Data Preservation Goals • Preserve key data 26 Dec tsunami • would otherwise be scattered or lost • In future, facility can preserve all tsunami data • Make data widely accessible via Web interface /tools • in ways that make sense to non-specialists • Add methods/tools compatible with emerging standards • so data can be cross- analyzed w/other sources

  15. How You Can Help? contact l.kong@unesco.org • Contribute relevant data from the international tsunami community • Maps and satellite imagery • Topographic and bathymetry data • Images and videos • Field measurements (inundation data, beach profiles, scour data, land uplift/subsidence, etc) • Post-event questionnaires and surveys • Recorded tsunami data (e.g., tide gauges) • Observations of damage to buildings and infrastructure • Eyewitness accounts and personal interviews • Casualties and other social impact statistics

  16. Delivering the Message:Building an Educated and Aware Public

  17. Customizable Awareness Materials • Tsunami: The Great Waves - Global phenomenom - Indian Ocean - Comprehensive tsunami mitigation: hazard risk assessment, warning guidance, preparedness and education - Customize with stories, graphics, photo • Tsunami Warning! - Children’s book on tsunami response - Customize source - Customize national/local response • Tsunami Safety Poster - Customize story, photos • Tsunami Glossary – January 2006 - Tsunami-related terms - classification, characteristics, measurement, surveys, instruments, governance, warning, mitigation

  18. Tsunami Warning! • Text, Graphics separate objects • Easy delete, replace Change Graphic Localize Source Translate Text Also Tsunami: The Great Waves, Tsunami Glossary, Tsunami Safety Poster

  19. Customizable Awareness MaterialsTsunami safety poster • Template - national or local safety posters • Customize - local languages, photos, graphics • Standard set of information for public • What a tsunami is? How do tsunami act when they come ashore? • What are natural tsunami warning signals? • What should you do when a tsunami warning is issued? • Where do I find out more tsunami information (national, local)?

  20. Customizable Awareness MaterialsTsunami safety poster Customize: 26 Dec 2004 stories, pictures, readiness

  21. ITIC Products: Videos: Hawaii Tsunami Warnings, 1986, 1994 NTHMP, 2005 Selected Interviews Tsunamis PTWC, WC/ATWC TsunamiReady DVD, Download from web

  22. IOC TsunamiTeacherSupporting Capacity BuildingResource Kits andAccompanying measures

  23. TsunamiTeacher • WHAT: Consolidated Resource/Training Toolkit • New and existing materials • Reliable and verified materials • Training modules for stakeholders • TARGET STAKEHOLDERS: • Media, Education Systems, Governments, • Community Groups, Private Sector • USE: Enable governments / stakeholders to: • Share existing body of research / good practice • Adapt high-quality materials to local context • Build stakeholder / public awareness • Develop local responses for saving lives, • mitigating impacts

  24. TsunamiTeacher • CONCEPT: • Different audiences use different materials • Training modules must be locally relevant • None of the modules use all the resources, • but different modules can utilize same materials • Specialists review and validate content • Editors continually update and add content • WHEN: April 2006 -3 modules - Media / Edu / Govt • End 2006 - Complete (5 modules) • USE in IOC-WMO-ISDR Train-the-Trainer • NMHS, NDMO, government, UN

  25. “binary” structure: • An updatable“collection”of reliable tsunami-related information and materials • arranged in “folders” and including, for example, brochures and documents, graphics, multi-media materials, strategies and school curricula resources. • Continually produced training modules • targeting different audiences with specific training and resources – linked to the “collection” – that build awareness and understanding of, and capacity to mitigate, tsunamis. • Enables multiple use of content • Available through Internet and DVD • Base English, Spanish and French planned

  26. Example Government (Policy Makers) Emergency Response SOP Sirens Private Sector (Energy) Laws Drills Evacuation Shelter Public Safety Preparedness Media (TV) Disaster Kit Family Plan Safety Rules Community (NGO) EarthquakeTsunami Science Education (Grade 2-4) Photos, video Analysis Modelling, Animation Other collections Projects, Activities Other modules

  27. Capacity BuildingTraining

  28. ITSU Training Programme (ITP) • ITP – Hawaii 2004-2006 • Tsunami Warning and Mitigation Systems • Pacific 2004 – class of 5 (16 applicants) • IOC-ISDR Japan / Hawaii TWS Study Tours • Indian Ocean - July, 2005 • Hawaii: 45 participants, 19 countries • PTWC, Civil Defense, • Pacific Tsunami Museum • Indian Ocean TWC and NDMO • Tsunami Warning Centre Ops • Indonesia BMG (class of 6) • Jan-Feb 2006

  29. ITP – International 2005-2006 • Numerical Modeling (TIME) - 2005: • 7-19 Nov 2005, Manila • ITIC-PHIVOLCS-IASPEI-IAVCEI • Class of 17 (50 applicants) • Pacific, Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia • Physics, lap-top case study, Real data • Numerical Modeling • Seismic Monitoring – 2006 • IO – meet WG1/WG2 and National Needs

  30. IOC Activities – 2006 • Coordinated Implementation Plan - partners • ICG/IOTWS WGs (coordinate, facilitate, synergize across other regions) • Upgrade/install GLOSS and other sea level, seismic network - ongoing • TsunamiTeacher - May 2006 electronic, dynamic training modules + resources (Media, Education, Public/Private Sector) • Customizeable awarenessmaterials Adapt for language, culture, local community IOC-ADRC Educational Curricula - Thailand, April 2006

  31. IOC Activities –2006 - Seismology – USGS, FDSN/IRIS GSN, AfricaArray Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Thailand, Pakistan, India, Maldives, East Africa /West IO - Numerical Modeling – Expert scientists, I - Sources / Propagation, May (Malaysia, Belgium) II - Inundation / Evacuation, Sept-Dec - TsunamiTeacher Workshops – up tp 8 countries, May - Tsunami Warning Operations / Emergency Response - Indonesia, Thailand, Mozambique, Mauritius, etc - RANET Communications - warning centre to local communities - May 2006

  32. ICG/PTWS - South China Sea • Synergies with ICG/IOTWS WGs • Interim Tsunami Advisory Information Service JMA NW Pacific Tsunami Advisory Center expands Close coordination with PTWC Start 1 April 2006 • IOC-Malaysia MOSTI, 27-28 April, Kuala Lumpur Roundtable Symposium on Earthquake and Tsunami Hazards and Risks • Pacific-wide Tsunami Drill, 16-17 May 2006 PTWC initiated 2 sources - Philippine (Pacific) and Chile UNDP to sponsor observers to Philippines

  33. AfricaArray: CB in Eastern Africa • Better Natural Resources Management • Build upon existing for Eastern Africa - • Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Madasgascar, Comoros; • can incl Seychelles, Mauritius, Somalia • Real-time earthquake monitoring - active African • Rift System, offshore tsunami EQ, active volcanism • Partners: IRIS – seismology (GSN) • AfricaArray, public-private - academia, • govt, industry CB natural resources • IOC - oceanographic / tsunami warning • Proposal: • Real-time sharing – upgrade to broadband stations • Operations and Maintenance • Build long-term capacity - MSc or PhD degrees • => $350,000 / country for 5 years