slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
September 18, 2009 NACHA Rule Change International ACH Transactions (IAT) Transactions Involving a Foreign Financial In PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
September 18, 2009 NACHA Rule Change International ACH Transactions (IAT) Transactions Involving a Foreign Financial In

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

September 18, 2009 NACHA Rule Change International ACH Transactions (IAT) Transactions Involving a Foreign Financial In - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 291 Views
  • Uploaded on

September 18, 2009 NACHA Rule Change International ACH Transactions (IAT) Transactions Involving a Foreign Financial Institution or Foreign Agency. IAT Agenda. IAT Definition and Payment Transaction Guidance Why NACHA is Implementing IAT? OFAC – Their Involvement and Needs

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'September 18, 2009 NACHA Rule Change International ACH Transactions (IAT) Transactions Involving a Foreign Financial In' - liam


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

September 18, 2009

NACHA Rule Change

International ACH Transactions

(IAT)

Transactions Involving a Foreign Financial Institution

or Foreign Agency

slide2

IAT Agenda

  • IAT Definition and Payment Transaction Guidance
  • Why NACHA is Implementing IAT?
  • OFAC – Their Involvement and Needs
  • Why Should ACH Participants Understand the IAT Rule?
  • ACH Participants Most Likely Needing to Understand the IAT Rule
  • Scenarios to Help Understand When to Use the ACH IAT
  • Next Steps
iat definition
IAT Definition

Definition

  • An ACH entry that is part of a payment transaction involving a financial agency’s office that is not located in the territorial jurisdiction of the U.S.

An office of a financial agency is involved if one or more applies.

The financial agency / financial institution:

  • Holds an account that is credited or debited as part of a payment transaction
  • Receives funds directly from a Person or makes payment directly to a Person as part of a payment transaction
  • Serves as an intermediary in the settlement of any part of a payment transaction
payment transaction guidance
Payment Transaction Guidance
  • “Payment Transaction” is not defined within the ACH Rules. OFAC requested that the following guidance be included in the ACH Operating Guidelines.
  • A Payment Transaction is:
  • An instruction by a sender to a bank to pay, or to obtain payment of, or to cause another bank to pay or to obtain payment of, a fixed or determinate amount of money that is to be paid to, or obtained from, a Receiver, and
  • Any and all settlements, accounting entries, or disbursements that are necessary or appropriate to carry out the instruction.
  • From an ACH participant perspective, this is a broad definition and can be open to interpretation.
iat key determining factors
IAT Key Determining Factors
  • Movement of funds into or out of the U.S. with the payment transaction
  • Location of the financial institution (agencies) involved in the transaction

(Location of the beneficiary and originator is not considered in the identification of IAT transactions).

characteristics of iat entries
Characteristics of IAT Entries
  • Can be either a debit or credit to the Receiver’s account
  • Receiver can be a consumer or corporate accountholder
  • IAT are entries flowing through the domestic ACH network and settle in U.S. dollars. (If the entry does not touch the ACH network, then it does not need to be an IAT entry and is not covered by the ACH Rules).
  • ACH IAT formats are significantly different from other ACH entries. The formats of other ACH entries do not change.
why nacha is implementing iat
Why NACHA is implementing IAT?
  • In response to the request of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) and the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) Special Recommendation VII
  • To identify Entries processed through the domestic ACH network which are being introduced by or involve funding from foreign financial agencies or foreign financial institutions
  • Because Entries currently coded with the usual ACH SEC (Standard Entry Class) code of PPD, CCD, or CTX and are in USD so the ACH entries involving a foreign financial agency cannot be distinguished from a domestic ACH entry
  • New IAT formats with new fields, will give the entries greater visibility to identify all parties to the ACH IAT entry
ofac office of foreign assets control
OFAC – Office of Foreign Assets Control

Financial institutions currently have the obligation to screen wire transfers against the list of names maintained by OFAC, in accordance with the Travel Rule of the Bank Secrecy Act

Similarly, financial institutions will need to screen ACH IAT entries in accordance with OFAC regulations and NACHA Operating Rules

Background on OFAC:

OFAC is the Office of Foreign Assets Control, an office of the Department of the Treasury that administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions in support of U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. The sanctions programs are used by the U.S. government to prevent targeted countries, entities, and individuals from, among other things, accessing our financial system for purposes that are contrary to U.S. foreign policy and national security.

ofac office of foreign assets control9
OFAC – Office of Foreign Assets Control

No U.S. person or company can engage in trade or financial transactions with individuals, companies, or government institutions designated under OFAC sanctions programs, or with persons or entities acting for or on behalf of these countries, entities, or individuals.

Names of individuals, banks, companies, and other entities designated by OFAC as threats to the U.S. economy, foreign policy, or national security are placed on the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List (SDN list), which can be found on OFAC’s website: www.treas.gov/ofac or www.treas.gov/offices/enforcement/ofac/

SDN List will be used by financial institutions to screen against the content of the ACH IAT entries

why should ach participants understand iat
Why Should ACH Participants Understand IAT?

Financial Institutions will be required to OFAC screen both inbound and outbound ACH IAT entries so there may be delays in posting if an IAT entry needs to be researched further

All companies are subject to U.S. law, including OFAC sanctions

Originator is required to warrant that they will comply with the NACHA Rules and will not initiate ACH entries that violate the laws of the United States

In addition, ACH Originating Financial Institutions will obligate an Originating Company or Third Party Sender through the warranties in their ACH origination agreement or Terms & Conditions.

ach participants most likely needing to understand the iat rule
ACH Participants Most Likely Needing to Understand the IAT Rule
  • Companies headquartered outside of the U.S. with U.S. operations
  • U.S. companies with pensioners or employees located outside of the U.S.
  • Third-party Senders or Payment Aggregators
  • U.S. companies with vendors located in Canada
  • U.S. companies receiving ACH credit entries from offshore entities
ach iat determination can be a challenge

Location of originator & receiver not relevant

Instruction + Settlement

At any point

Payment

Transaction?

Financial Agency outside U.S.?

U.S. ACH

Network?

IAT

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

Still subject to OFAC rules!

Message

Domestic ACH

Foreign/

Proprietary

Not an IAT

ACH IAT Determination Can Be a Challenge
nacha s iat scenarios document
NACHA’s IAT Scenarios Document
  • The two versions of the NACHA scenarios document are intended to help originating companies determine whether they need to originate ACH entries using the IAT format:
  • Original NACHA Scenarios document is posted on our web site:
    • www.pnc.com/nacharules
  • A simplified version of the Scenarios document is posted on:
    • www.nacha.org/IAT_Industry_Information
    • (scroll down to the IAT Corporate Tool Kit section)
  • Of the NACHA documented Scenarios, if you are or will be an ACH Originator, then Scenarios C, F, and G are those that require more scrutiny in comparison to Scenarios E and H that are more narrowly tied to specific consumer services.
scenarios c alternative 1 and 2
Scenarios C – Alternative #1 and #2

Foreign financial institution funding of Payroll, Pension or Vendor Payments

A U.S domiciled company which is a subsidiary of an offshore multinational is

originating ACH credits into the ACH network. They could be payroll, pension, or

vendor payments.

  • Instructions for the ACH entries could be in the form of an ACH-formatted file or another message type and could originate from either the U.S. or outside of the U.S.
  • Funding for the ACH origination file is from the parent company through a foreign financial institution or foreign financial agency located outside the territorial jurisdiction of the U.S.

ACH entries should be coded as IAT entries when the non-U.S. financial institution is

involved in the explicit funding the of the ACH settlement amount needed to execute the

ACH instructions.

nacha clarifications to scenario c
NACHA Clarifications to Scenario C
  • If the foreign parent company or U.S. subsidiary is transferring funds as a result of the company performing the daily treasury management routine of setting their daily cash position, then the ACH entries should not be coded as IAT entries.
  • If an Originator is sending IAT credit entries to employees, the tax payment obligations or wage garnishments to state agencies still would be sent using the current standard of a CCD+ or CTX formatted entry.
scenario g
Scenario G

ACH credits payments to Foreign Receiver(s)

  • A foreign financial institution offers a service allowing companies in the U.S. to send credit payments to persons or businesses holding accounts outside of the U.S.
  • Credit payments with or without remittance data from U.S. companies are sent to the foreign bank’s U.S. correspondent via the ACH network.
  • Daily, the U.S. correspondent consolidates ACH entries collected out of the ACH network. The U.S. correspondent sends an EDI file with the individual entry detail and remittance information to the foreign financial institution.
  • Settlement between the foreign financial institution and their U.S. correspondent bank occurs daily and the foreign financial institution forwards the detail on to their customer and settles the funds with an entry posted to the customer’s account.

ACH credits originated by the U.S. originating companies should be IAT entries.

scenario f
Scenario F

Pension Payments

  • A U.S. domiciled company makes pension payments to retirees residing outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States (expatriates) using Direct Deposit.
  • For some of the expatriates, the company has instructions to send the funds through the ACH Network to a Gateway Operator, with further instructions to send to a financial agency in a foreign country.
  • If there are standing instructions to send the pension payment through various means to a foreign financial agency, then the entry should be coded as an IAT transaction.

This has been the most controversial scenario as it is not always possible for the Originator to know whether funds have been forwarded. Receiver’s address may not be the best indicator but may be indicative of the need to request more information.

scenario e
Scenario E
  • ACH Debits for Payments to Foreign Receiver(s)
  • A foreign bank (Originating Bank) allows non-bank customers to originate payments to consumers in their country
  • A person (Originator) in the U.S. logs on to the foreign bank site and originates a payment to a relative (Receiver) in that country, providing the bank with their routing and transit number (ABA number) and account number at their U.S. bank along with the routing, account number and physical address of the Receiver in the foreign country
  • The foreign Originating Bank sends a SWIFT message to their U.S. correspondent bank with instructions to send an ACH debit to the Originators account at their U.S. bank along with the name and physical address of the Receiver in the foreign country
  • The U.S. bank processes the debit to the U.S. Originators bank and credits the correspondent account at their bank for the foreign Originating Bank
  • The foreign Originating Bank sends a credit payment to the Receiver’s account at the bank in their country
scenario h
Scenario H

Money Transmitters

A U.S.-domiciled money transmitter receives a payment order from a foreign

customer at one of its foreign branch offices to send funds to a Receiver in

the U.S.

  • Money transmitter makes a book entry to record the transaction on the books of its offices in both countries, and creates an ACH credit entry to send the funds to the Receiver in the U.S.

ACH credit to the Receiver the U.S. should be coded as an IAT credit

ach iat next steps
ACH IAT Next Steps

NACHA-published IAT Scenarios are not all encompassing.

  • ACH Originators need to examine their file and funding practices if a non-U.S. financial institution is part of their payables flow.
  • ACH Originators need to know their Receivers. The address of the beneficiary or supplier could be indicative of cross-border forwarding.
  • ACH Originators should seek help from their ODFI or NACHA if they need assistance in determining whether their ACH entries should be coded as IAT entries.
ach iat next steps22
ACH IAT Next Steps

If originating IAT entries, then allow enough time for IAT format preparation.

  • Request the IAT Survival Guide from EFT Product
  • Understand the content of the 7 addenda records required with each entry
  • Collect information on Receivers and Receiving Bank to formulate IAT entries
  • Contact PNC to indicate need for specific testing instructions