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Group 4 Presentation The Role of Family in International Assignments. Iwona Samsel Frank John Katsufumi Araki Gurhan Gunal Cem Oktaymen. History of IHRM. 1900s Focus on motivating, controlling and improving the productivity of entry-level employees. 1920s

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Group 4 Presentation

The Role of Family in International Assignments

Iwona Samsel

Frank John

Katsufumi Araki

Gurhan Gunal

Cem Oktaymen

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History of IHRM

  • 1900s

    Focus on motivating, controlling and improving the productivity of entry-level employees.

  • 1920s

    Appraising and training individuals

  • 1930s and 1940s

    Knowledge of groups and the impact of group on individuals

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History of IHRM

  • 1950s and 1960s

    Individual needs and motivation along with advances in selection and development

  • 1970s

    Human resource management (safety and health of the worker as well as individual satisfaction and performance)

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History of IHRM

  • Late 1970s and 1980s

    Organizational strategy

  • Today

    Global competition, worldwide labor availability, business ethics and the environment

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Country Profile

Recent Activities in IHRM

Society and Foreign Assignments

Expatriation & Repatriation

Performance & Retention

IHRM: necessary changes

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Country Profile Geo/Demographics


EU Member:May 1st,2004

Political system:Republic

Total area:313 000 km²

Population:38.6 million

GDP: $463 billion

Religion: Catholic

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Collectivist Society

Low Context

Cultural Dimension Scores

Don’t smile to strangers

=> follow NY style

Learn few words in Polish

=> Poles will love it

Bring flowers when visiting Polish home

=> “thank you for invitation”

Never refuse seconds

=> nothing better than Polish home cooking


=> always a good topic

Country Profile cont.Culture


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Country Profile Recent IHRM activities


  • Legal

  • International Agreements

  • Compensation

  • Taxes

  • Work for spouse

  • Work permits

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Pluses (+)

Financial advantage

Exposure to foreign culture



Minuses (-)

Distance from relatives, friends

Language barrier

Lack of good childcare system

Work for spouse

Working hours

Vacation time

Pluses (+)

Exposure to foreign culture

Good level of education

Good standard of living

Good level of child care

Location: central Europe

Minuses (-)

Language/lack of relevant value

Distance from relatives, friends

Weather: long cold winters

Society and Foreign Assignments: Poland vs. US

Polish Expatriates

American Expatriates

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Pre-Departure Training

Living Arrangements

Child Care

Educational Allowances

Lack of set up of a expatriate network

No language training for families

Little support for family

arrangements upon return

No guaranteed work upon return

Expatriation and Repatriation Expatriates & Families



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Successful completion

Most of the interviewed

Economic Development

High Education Level


Few job offers for spouses

Separation from relatives


Successful completion

Large % of interviewed

Financial stimulus

Future career


Separation from relatives

Lack of support network

No job offers without language skills

Performance and Retention

Polish Expatriates

American Expatriates

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IHRM: necessary changes

  • Support system

  • Coach solution

  • Network of local expatriates

  • Living arrangements upon repatriation

  • Work for spouse

  • Extended network with other foreign companies

  • Guaranteed job upon repatriation

  • Language Training for all family members

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People’s Republic of China

Country Profile

Chinese Culture

Work-Family Conflict

Expatriates and Families

Performance & Retention

IHRM: necessary changes

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People’s Republic of China

Population: 1.307 billion

Capital: Beijing

Area: 9.596.960 sq km

GDP: $ 7.262 trillion

GDP per capita: $ 5600

Labor Force: 760.8 million

Languages: Chinese,


Political System: Communist

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Chinese Culture

Confucius’s Relationships

  • Ruler - Subject

  • Husband – Wife

  • Father – Son

  • Brother – Brother

  • Friend - Friend

    Lijie and Surface Harmony

  • Being polite and courteous

  • Proper etiquette preserves

    harmony and face

  • Guanxi

  • Relationship between people

  • Network of contacts

  • Mianxi

  • Losing face

  • Saving face

  • Keqi

  • Ke – guest qi – behavior

  • Represents humbleness and

  • modesty

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Culture cont.

Power Distance (PDI)

  • Very high power distance

  • Inequality of power and wealth

  • Follow a caste system

    Individualism – Collectivism


  • Collective society

  • Reinforce extended family

  • Everyone takes responsibility

  • Masculinity (MAS)

  • Medium range

  • Woman have some rights

    Uncertainty Avoidance (UAI)

  • Between medium and low

  • Tolerance for different opinions

    Long – Term Orientation (LTO)

  • Values long-term commitments

  • Respect for tradition

  • Strong work ethic

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Work - Family Conflict

  • Work – further personal


  • Work and family is separate

  • Family comes before work

  • Family values = quality of


  • Expressive individualism

  • Individualistic society

United States


  • Work – welfare of family

  • Family – based work ethic

  • Extra work > future benefits

  • for family

  • Collectivism > priority to work

  • More experienced with families

    dual carriers

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Importance of guanxi

Mostly long-term assignments

Time to adjust to new culture

Expatriate ( Diaspora) treated like family member

Company will help overcome culture shock and provide intensive

pre – departure training

Family stays behind until expatriate adjust to new environment

Company demands come before family

Family will support expatriate, for better future (long – term oriented)

Low failure rate

Expatriates and Families

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Country Profile

Culture Themes

Culture Differences


Family Concerns

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  • Total population of 184 million

  • Among the most popular destinations

  • AIDS patients are increasing

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Culture Themes

  • Time and Work

    • Casual about time and work

    • Not concerned about being hard and efficient

    • Take two or three jobs

  • Extended Family

    • Larger role in society

    • Big family

    • Mutual support

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Culture differences

  • The attitude of male dominance

  • Primary responsibility of women

    • To care for the home and the family

  • Must be patient to gain mutual trust

  • Slower business transaction

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  • Difficult to communicate without Portuguese

  • A period of anxiety, doubts and concern

  • Safety and security

    • Avoid large gatherings or any crowds

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Family Concerns

  • Children’s problems

    • Experiencing profound stress

      • E-mail, MTV and telephone—ease sense of isolation from friends

      • Returning home—most difficult due to culture differences, too alien for their friends

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Family Concerns

  • Spouses’ concern

    • High risk of kidnapping for ransom

    • Must ensure that houses are secure

      • Children in the hands of people they can trust

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Country Profile

Facts for foreign expatriates

Society and Foreign Assignments

Legal Terms for foreign expatriates

Performance & Retention

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Age structure:

0-14 years: 27.2%

15-64 years: 66.4

65 years and over: 6.4%

EU Candidate

Political system:Republic

Total area:2,648 km

Population:70 million

GDP: $507billion

Religion: 98% Muslim

Country Profile Geo/Demographics

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Collectivistic Society

Low Context

Cultural Dimension Scores

Hospitable to a great extent

Don’t say no to food serve in Turkish homes

Be on time for business meeting

Always be ready for dinner to close business deal

Politics, Soccer

always a good topic

Country Profile cont.Culture

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Economic effect

increase in FDI increase in Foreign expatriates

Possible EU membership

Circulation of Labor will take place

More job opportunities for Turkish young labor force

Cultural effect

Male dominant

Tight family bonds

29.7% women and 68.3% men are in work force

6 million Turkish people works in abroad

$5 billion dollars from expatriates


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Pluses (+)

Financial advantage

Exposure to foreign culture


Pluses (-)


Language barrier

Lack of good childcare system

Vacation Length

Pluses (+)

Good Salary

Vacation Length

Good standard of living

Sufficient level of child care

Location: Southeastern Europe

Minuses (-)

Language/lack of relevant value

Society and Foreign Assignment: Turkey vs. Foreign

Turkish Expatriates

Foreign Expatriates

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Constitutional rights

Turkey Laws follows EU standards for Foreign expatriates

New laws are on process:

August 2005 , work permit process will be faster


Legal Terms for foreign expatriates

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90% successful completion

13% failure

Divorce rate

Main reasons:

Language barrier

Culture shock

Advantage of Eurasian culture

80% successful completion

15% failure

Main reasons:

Language barriers


Child care

Performance and Retention

Foreign Expatriates

Turkish Expatriates

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  • Issues concerned with

    • Careers of the spouse

    • Children

  • Things to consider

    • Inclusion of family in decision-making process

    • Coping with new living quarters

    • Differences in clothing necessities

    • Family safety issues

    • Children’s education

    • Language barriers

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  • Some things that can make it easier to live abroad

    • Do everything possible to make your time abroad an exciting opportunity

    • “The best expat is the educated expat”

    • Encourage your children to maintain their connection to home

    • Well compensation