Freedom of Religion. History of the Amendment Defining ‘Religion’ The Establishment Clause The Free Exercise Clause. Religion Clauses of the First Amendment. "Congress shall make not law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof."
History of the Amendment
The Establishment Clause
The Free Exercise Clause
The Jeffersonian faction demanded a Bill of Rights to be added to the Constitution signed by delegates in 1787. To ensure the states' ratification of the Constitution, Madison and the Federalists found it expedient to give way to this demand.