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Lessons CHAPTER 2 Ethics and Our Law 2-1 What is Ethics? 2-2 Reasoning about Right and Wrong 2-3 How Is Ethics Reflected in Our Laws GOALS LESSON 2-1 What Is Ethics? Define ethics Describe each element of the definition Define business ethics ETHICS DEFINED

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Presentation Transcript
ethics and our law

Lessons

Chapter 2

CHAPTER 2

Ethics and Our Law

2-1 What is Ethics?

2-2 Reasoning about Right and Wrong

2-3 How Is Ethics Reflected in Our Laws

what is ethics

GOALS

Chapter 2

LESSON 2-1

What Is Ethics?

Define ethics

Describe each element of the definition

Define business ethics

ethics defined
Chapter 2ETHICS DEFINED
  • Ethics is deciding what is right or wrong in a reasoned, impartial manner.
  • Important elements of this definition
    • Decision about a right or wrong action
    • Reasoned decisions
    • Impartial decisions
business ethics
Chapter 2BUSINESS ETHICS

Business ethics are the ethical principles used in making business decisions.

reasoning about right and wrong

GOALS

Chapter 2

LESSON 2-2

Reasoning about Right and Wrong

Reason based on consequences

Reason using ethical rules

basic forms of ethical reasoning
Chapter 2BASIC FORMS OF ETHICAL REASONING
  • Ethical reasoning based on consequences
    • Describe alternative actions
    • Forecast consequences
    • Evaluate consequences
  • Fundamental ethical rules
    • Decisions based on authority
    • Decisions based on reasoning
t he g ood
THE GOOD

beauty

knowledge

justice

love

goals

liberty

power

truth

pleasure

Chapter 2

how is ethics expressed in our laws

GOALS

Chapter 2

LESSON 2-3

How Is EthicsExpressed in Our Laws?

Explain how our laws reflect ethics based on consequences and ethics based on reasoning

Discuss why we are obligated to obey laws

our laws reflect ethics based on consequences
Chapter 2OUR LAWS REFLECT ETHICS BASED ON CONSEQUENCES
  • Majority rule prevails.
  • Laws are judged to be right and good when they affect the majority of the people positively.
  • Laws are judged to be wrong when they affect the majority negatively.
our laws reflect rule based ethics
Chapter 2OUR LAWS REFLECT RULE-BASED ETHICS
  • Equal protection under the law
  • Civil rights
why are we obligated to obey laws
Chapter 2WHY ARE WE OBLIGATED TO OBEY LAWS?
  • Ethics demands that we obey
  • We consent to be governed by laws
    • Integrity the capacity to do right in the face of temptation or pressure to do otherwise
  • We want to avoid punishment
    • Direct or indirect punishments
are we ever justified in violating the law
Chapter 2ARE WE EVER JUSTIFIED IN VIOLATING THE LAW?

Civil disobedience is ethical only when

  • A written law is in conflict with ethical reasoning
  • No effective political methods are available to change the law
  • The civil disobedience is nonviolent
  • The civil disobedience does not advance one’s immediate self-interest
  • The civil disobedience is public and one willingly accepts the punishment for violating the law