Lessons Chapter 2 CHAPTER 2 Ethics and Our Law 2-1 What is Ethics? 2-2 Reasoning about Right and Wrong 2-3 How Is Ethics Reflected in Our Laws
GOALS Chapter 2 LESSON 2-1 What Is Ethics? Define ethics Describe each element of the definition Define business ethics
Chapter 2 ETHICS DEFINED • Ethics is deciding what is right or wrong in a reasoned, impartial manner. • Important elements of this definition • Decision about a right or wrong action • Reasoned decisions • Impartial decisions
Chapter 2 BUSINESS ETHICS Business ethics are the ethical principles used in making business decisions.
GOALS Chapter 2 LESSON 2-2 Reasoning about Right and Wrong Reason based on consequences Reason using ethical rules
Chapter 2 BASIC FORMS OF ETHICAL REASONING • Ethical reasoning based on consequences • Describe alternative actions • Forecast consequences • Evaluate consequences • Fundamental ethical rules • Decisions based on authority • Decisions based on reasoning
THE GOOD beauty knowledge justice love goals liberty power truth pleasure Chapter 2
GOALS Chapter 2 LESSON 2-3 How Is EthicsExpressed in Our Laws? Explain how our laws reflect ethics based on consequences and ethics based on reasoning Discuss why we are obligated to obey laws
Chapter 2 OUR LAWS REFLECT ETHICS BASED ON CONSEQUENCES • Majority rule prevails. • Laws are judged to be right and good when they affect the majority of the people positively. • Laws are judged to be wrong when they affect the majority negatively.
Chapter 2 OUR LAWS REFLECT RULE-BASED ETHICS • Equal protection under the law • Civil rights
Chapter 2 OTHER ETHICAL GOALS REFLECTED IN OUR LAWS • Consistency • Arbitrary
Chapter 2 WHY ARE WE OBLIGATED TO OBEY LAWS? • Ethics demands that we obey • We consent to be governed by laws • Integrity the capacity to do right in the face of temptation or pressure to do otherwise • We want to avoid punishment • Direct or indirect punishments
Chapter 2 ARE WE EVER JUSTIFIED IN VIOLATING THE LAW? Civil disobedience is ethical only when • A written law is in conflict with ethical reasoning • No effective political methods are available to change the law • The civil disobedience is nonviolent • The civil disobedience does not advance one’s immediate self-interest • The civil disobedience is public and one willingly accepts the punishment for violating the law