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Natura 2000 in Latvia- history and current situation Vilnis Bernards Ministry of Environment, of Latvia The content: The situation before start The main steps Development of Natura 2000 The situation before start The EU Agreement signed (1995) Nature protection - not a priority

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natura 2000 in latvia history and current situation

Natura 2000 in Latvia- history and current situation

Vilnis Bernards

Ministry of Environment, of Latvia

29 September, 2006, Engure

the content
The content:
  • The situation before start
  • The main steps
  • Development of Natura 2000

29 September, 2006, Engure

the situation before start
The situation before start
  • The EU Agreement signed (1995)
  • Nature protection - not a priority
  • Small budget
  • Low capacity (5 persons)
  • No experience
  • But - good will

29 September, 2006, Engure

the main steps
The main steps
  • Clear vision of the way and goals
  • Decisions – how to reach them
  • Financial support –3 projects (DANCEE, CoE)
  • Capacity building and training(BEF)
  • Evaluation of what we have
  • Designation of new territories
  • Natura 2000 list and data base

29 September, 2006, Engure

development of natura 2000 1
Development of Natura 2000 (1)
  • Species and biotopes project(1998 – 2000)

DANCEE/Darudec

    • Legal component
    • Capacity building and training
    • Adaptation of Birds and Habitats directives
  • Emerald pilot project, Council of Europe(1999)
    • Software
    • Hardware
    • Training

29 September, 2006, Engure

development of natura 2000 2
Development of Natura 2000 (2)

EMERALD / NATURA 2000 project(2000 -2004), DANCEE / Darudec

  • Desk study - CORINE Biotopes project, different inventories, satellite images
  • Specially Protected Nature Territories – 3 field seasons
  • IBA inventory
  • Inventories outside protected territories

29 September, 2006, Engure

development of natura 2000 3
Development of Natura 2000 (3)

Partners (ca 90 experts)

  • Latvian Ornithological Society
  • Latvian Fund for Nature
  • Latvian Teriological Society
  • Latvian Entomological Society
  • Latvian Botanical Society
  • Latvian Environmental Agency
  • State Environmental Inspection
  • State Forest Service

29 September, 2006, Engure

slide8

Development of Natura 2000 (4)

Basic principles for Natura 2000 network:

  • Natura 2000 = specially protected nature territories (SPNT)
  • Evaluation of existing system of SPNT and scientific data
  • Proposals for correction of borders of SPNT
  • Inventories outside SPNT
  • Proposals for new SPNT
  • Proposals for micro reserves

29 September, 2006, Engure

development of natura 2000 5
Development of Natura 2000 (5)

Site selection criteria for Natura 2000:

  • Each species or habitat was evaluated individually taking into account its distribution in Latvia and EU
  • Different criteria in figures:
    • Many bird species – concrete amount of individuals or pairs
    • Some bird species – the best 5 sites in the country
    • For the rest of species - 20%-100% of population
    • For habitats - 20-100% of the total area
  • Sites designation based on the last updated scientific information

29 September, 2006, Engure

species and habitats protected
Species and habitats protected
  • 20 plant species
  • 5 mammal species
  • 70 bird species
  • 3 amphibian and reptile species
  • 11 fish species
  • 20 invertebrate species
  • 60 habitats

29 September, 2006, Engure

development of natura 2000
Development of NATURA 2000
  • In the list of potential NATURA 2000 sites only Specially Protected Nature Territories or Micro reserves.
  • Natura 2000 includes 336 territories The protection and management regimes are various – from minor restrictions in landscape areas to absolute prohibition of any management in strict nature reserves.

29 September, 2006, Engure

information
Information
  • Vilnis Bernards vilnis.bernards@vidm.gov.lv
  • Ministry of Environment - www.vidm.gov.lv
  • Nature Protection Board - www.dap.gov.lv

29 September, 2006, Engure