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C H A P T E R C H A P T E R Beverages 9 Types of Wines Wines… Wine is fermented juice of grapes Light beverage wines (White, Rose, and Red) Sparkling wines (Champagne) Fortified wines (Sherry, Port, and Madeira) Have brandy or wine alcohol added

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Beverages

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types of wines
Types of Wines
  • Wines…
    • Wine is fermented juice of grapes
    • Light beverage wines (White, Rose, and Red)
    • Sparkling wines (Champagne)
    • Fortified wines (Sherry, Port, and Madeira)
      • Have brandy or wine alcohol added
    • Aromatic wines (Vermouth and Aperitif)
      • Flavored with herbs, roots, flowers, and barks
wines
Wines
  • Vocabulary…
    • Varietal
      • Type of grape from which wines are made, and for which they are named
    • Vintage
      • Year in which a wine’s grapes were harvested
light table wines
Light Table Wines
  • Red Wines…
    • Made from red grapes
    • Coloring from grape skins
    • Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir
  • Rose…
    • Actually a category of red
    • Remove skin early in fermentation
types of wines5
Types of Wines
  • White Wines…
    • Made from white grapes
    • Age and mature faster than red wines
    • Riesling
    • Chenin Blanc
how wine is made
How Wine is Made
  • Crushing…
    • A mixture of grape pulp, skins, seeds, and stems
  • Fermenting…
    • A chemical process by which yeast acts on sugar to produce alcohol and carbon dioxide
how wine is made7
How Wine is Made
  • Racking…
  • Maturing…
    • Aging a wine
  • Filtering…
    • Fining
    • Clarifying
  • Bottling…
relationship to food
Relationship to Food
  • Relationship…
    • White Wines
      • Poultry, fish, and egg entrees
    • Red Wines
      • Any game or red meat
    • Sparkling Wines
      • Any course, from dry to sweet
    • The heavier the food, the heavier the wine
describing a wine
Describing a Wine
  • Use of textures…
    • Softness and smoothness
    • Richness and thickness
    • Correspond to touch and temperature
describing a wine10
Describing a Wine
  • Use of flavors…
    • Fruity, minty, and herbal
    • Nutty, cheesy, and smoky
    • Correspond to use of nose and tongue
wine producing regions
Wine Producing Regions
  • Europe…
    • France
      • Bordeaux and Burgundy
      • Champagne and Cognac
    • Italy
      • Chianti
    • Germany
      • Riesling
wine producing regions12
Wine Producing Regions
  • Europe (cont.)…
    • Spain
      • Sherry
    • Portugal
      • Port
wine producing regions13
Wine Producing Regions
  • America…
    • “Wines Across America”
      • http://www.wines-across-america.com
    • California
      • North and Central Coast
        • Napa and Sonoma
      • Great Central Valley
      • Southern California
wine producing regions14
Wine Producing Regions
  • America (cont.)…
    • New York
    • Oregon and Washington
    • Canada
    • Australia
    • South America
    • South Africa
types of beers
Types of Beers
  • Beer…
    • Lager
      • Clear light bodied
    • Ale
      • Fuller bodied, more bitter
    • Stout
      • Dark ale, sweet, strong, malt flavor
    • Pilsner
      • Style of beer brewing
malt beverages
Malt Beverages
  • Brewing Process…
    • Water
    • Malt
      • Ground barley
    • Yeast
      • Fermenting agent
    • Hops
microbreweries
Microbreweries
  • Microbreweries…
    • Smaller breweries
    • Locally made and distributed
      • Rock Bottom
      • Karl Strauss
      • Sierra Nevada
      • Samuel Adams
spirits
Spirits
  • Spirits or Liquor
    • Liquid that has been fermented and distilled
  • Proof
    • Liquor’s alcohol content
    • In U.S. proof is twice the % of alcohol
whisky
Whisky
  • Whisky…
    • Made from a fermented mash of grain to which malt, in the form of barley, is added
    • Scotch Whisky
      • Smokey Kilns
    • Irish Whisky
      • Not dried, milder
whisky20
Whisky
  • Whisky (cont.)…
    • Bourbon Whisky
      • Corn mixed with rye
    • Canadian Whisky
      • From corn
white spirits
White Spirits
  • White Spirits…
    • Gin
      • From juniper berries
    • Rum
      • Light is from sugarcane
      • Dark is from molasses
      • Tequila
    • Vodka
      • Lacks color, odor, and flavor
other spirits and cocktails
Other Spirits and Cocktails
  • Brandy…
    • Distilled from wine
    • Cognacs from France
  • Cocktails…
    • Drinks made by mixing 2 or more ingredients
    • Stirred, shaken, or blended
trends in nonalcoholic beverages
Trends in Nonalcoholic Beverages
  • Trends…
    • Nonalcoholic beer and wine
    • Coffee
    • Tea
    • Carbonated soft drinks
    • Juices
    • Bottled water
bars and beverage management
Bars and Beverage Management
  • Management…
    • Physical bar setup
      • Critical for effectiveness
      • “Stations” properly placed
      • Location of “well” versus “call” brands
      • Relationship of beer
inventory control
Inventory Control
  • Inventory Control…
    • Four major objectives
      • Safeguards the company’s assets
      • Provides reliable accounting records
      • Promotes operating efficiency
      • Encourages adherence to policies
    • Physical count is the key to success
personnel procedures
Personnel Procedures
  • Procedures…
    • Properly screen and hire bar personnel
    • Methods for controlling employee theft
      • “Spotters”
      • “Bank switch”
different types of beverage establishments
Different Types ofBeverage Establishments
  • Types of Beverage Establishments …
    • Restaurant bars
    • Hotel bars
    • Night clubs
    • Microbreweries
    • Sports bars
    • Coffee shops
liquor liability and the law
Liquor Liability and the Law
  • Liability and Law…
    • The bar is liable if
      • They serve a minor
      • They serve a person who is intoxicated
    • Dram shop law
      • Bar is liable for injuries caused by intoxicated customers
    • TIPS training
trends in alcoholic beverages
Trends in Alcoholic Beverages
  • Trends…
    • Comeback of cocktails
    • Designer bottled water
    • Microbreweries
    • More wine consumption
    • Increase in coffee houses and coffee intake