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A Brief History of the US Space Program Andrea Sandalic Spring 2005 Project Mercury Began October 7, 1958 – One year and three days after the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 United States first program to send humans into space. Chimpanzees used to be on board previously. Sputnik 1

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slide1
A Brief History of the US

Space Program

Andrea Sandalic

Spring 2005

slide2
Project Mercury

Began October 7, 1958 – One year and three days after the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1

United States first program to send humans into space.

Chimpanzees used to be on board previously.

Sputnik 1

Six manned flights from 1961 to 1963

Chimpanzee, "Enos," flown in Mercury-Atlas 5 two-orbit mission.

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“Project Mercury involved 19 unmanned and 6 manned flights, engaged the expertise of nearly two million people, and cost roughly 400 million dollars.”

“Manned Missions: 

May 5, 1961 - Freedom 7

July 21, 1961 - Liberty Bell 7

Feb. 20, 1962 -  Friendship 7

May 24, 1962 - Aurora 7

Oct. 3, 1962 - Sigma 7

May 15-16, 1963 - Faith 7”

Mercury-Atlas 6: First manned orbital flight

Mercury Space Capsule

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Objectives

Orbit a manned spacecraft around the Earth.

Investigate man’s ability to function in space.

Recover man and spacecraft safely.

Mercury-Redstone 3: First manned suborbital space flight.

John Glenn entering Friendship 7

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Key personnel in Mercury control center at Cape Canaveral

1959. Project Mercury Astronauts, whose selection was announced on April 9, 1959, only six months after the National Aeronautics and Space Administration was formally established on October 1, 1958.

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Objective

Learn to fly a spacecraft by:

Maneuvering it in orbit.

Rendezvousing and docking with other vehicles

Gemini B

slide9
Gemini 6 Views Gemini 7

Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 Rendezvous

Gemini 5 Capsule Hoisted Onboard Recovery Ship

Gemini VIII (March 1966) almost killed Neil Armstrong- the first man on the moon

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Apollo Program 1963- 1972

“The Apollo program was designed to land humans on the Moon and bring them safely back to Earth.”

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“Six of the missions (Apollos 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17) achieved this goal.”

“NASA Caption: "Interior of Apollo lunar module ascent stage cabin area looking aft. Ascent engine housing is in lower foreground and docking hatch is at the top." Photo filed 28 January 1969.”

January 27, 1967- A fire swept through a Block One Apollo spacecraft, killing 3 astronauts.

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“The Apollo program included eleven manned flights andculminated with man's first visit to another world with Apollo 11'striumphant Moon landing on June 20, 1969.”

“Apollo 1 - Crew perishes in a launch pad fire.

Apollo 7 - First manned Apollo flight.

Apollo 8 - First manned flight to the Moon.

Apollo 9 - First manned test of the Lunar Module.

Apollo 10 - First manned flight of the Lunar Module around the Moon.”

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“Apollo 11 - First manned landing on the Moon. 1969

Apollo 12 - First precise landing on the Moon.

Apollo 13 - Aborted after oxygen tank explosion.

Apollo 14 - America's first astronaut Alan Shepard walks on the Moon.

Apollo 15 - First use of the Lunar Rover Vehicle.

Apollo 16 - First landing in the lunar highlands.

Apollo 17- Last manned flight to the Moon.”

Aldrin - Apollo 11

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References

Title page- All images extracted from www.nasa.gov

Slide 2 – Images: http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4001/p3a.htm (chimpanzee)

nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/ database/MasterCatalog?sc... (Sputnik)

Text: www.thespaceplace.com

Slide 3 – Images: http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4001/p3a.htm (rocket)

grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/ SMALL/GPN-2000-001268.jpg(capsule)

Text:http://www1.umn.edu/scitech/assign/space/mercury_missions

.html

Slide 4 – Images: history.nasa.gov/ SP-4001/p3a.htm (rocket)

grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/ SMALL/GPN-2000-000652.jpg (capsule)

Text: www.thespaceplace.com

Slide 5 – Images: fcit.usf.edu/.../photos/ nasa/people/people19.htm (astronauts)

http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4001/p3a.htm (control crew)

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Slide 6 – Image: grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/ SMALL/GPN-2000-001269.jpg

Slide 7 – Image: http://home.cwru.edu/~sjr16/advanced/20th_close_gemini.html

Slide 8 – Image: http://www.astronautix.com/craftfam/gemini.htm

Text: www.thespaceplace.com

Slide 9 – Images: grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/ SMALL/GPN-2000-001343.jpg

(ship)

grin.hq.nasa.gov/ BROWSE/JSC_22.html (top left corner)

aboutfacts.net/ufo/ UFO20/Gemini6And7.jpg (bottom left corner)

Slide 10 – Image: http://www.hogya.com/apollo.html

Slide 11 – Image:www.nasa.gov

Text: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/apollo.html

Slide 12 – Image: www.ebay.com Text: http://www.hogya.com/apollo.html

Slide 13 – Image: www.nasa.gov Text: http://www.hogya.com/apollo.html

Song: “Leaving Port” by James Horner. Album “Titanic.”

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