A Brief History of the US Space Program Andrea Sandalic Spring 2005 Project Mercury Began October 7, 1958 – One year and three days after the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 United States first program to send humans into space. Chimpanzees used to be on board previously. Sputnik 1
Began October 7, 1958 – One year and three days after the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1
United States first program to send humans into space.
Chimpanzees used to be on board previously.
Six manned flights from 1961 to 1963
Chimpanzee, "Enos," flown in Mercury-Atlas 5 two-orbit mission.
“Project Mercury involved 19 unmanned and 6 manned flights, engaged the expertise of nearly two million people, and cost roughly 400 million dollars.”
May 5, 1961 - Freedom 7
July 21, 1961 - Liberty Bell 7
Feb. 20, 1962 - Friendship 7
May 24, 1962 - Aurora 7
Oct. 3, 1962 - Sigma 7
May 15-16, 1963 - Faith 7”
Mercury-Atlas 6: First manned orbital flight
Mercury Space Capsule
Orbit a manned spacecraft around the Earth.
Investigate man’s ability to function in space.
Recover man and spacecraft safely.
Mercury-Redstone 3: First manned suborbital space flight.
John Glenn entering Friendship 7
1959. Project Mercury Astronauts, whose selection was announced on April 9, 1959, only six months after the National Aeronautics and Space Administration was formally established on October 1, 1958.
Learn to fly a spacecraft by:
Maneuvering it in orbit.
Rendezvousing and docking with other vehicles
Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 Rendezvous
Gemini 5 Capsule Hoisted Onboard Recovery Ship
Gemini VIII (March 1966) almost killed Neil Armstrong- the first man on the moon
“The Apollo program was designed to land humans on the Moon and bring them safely back to Earth.”
“Six of the missions (Apollos 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17) achieved this goal.”
“NASA Caption: "Interior of Apollo lunar module ascent stage cabin area looking aft. Ascent engine housing is in lower foreground and docking hatch is at the top." Photo filed 28 January 1969.”
January 27, 1967- A fire swept through a Block One Apollo spacecraft, killing 3 astronauts.
“The Apollo program included eleven manned flights andculminated with man's first visit to another world with Apollo 11'striumphant Moon landing on June 20, 1969.”
“Apollo 1 - Crew perishes in a launch pad fire.
Apollo 7 - First manned Apollo flight.
Apollo 8 - First manned flight to the Moon.
Apollo 9 - First manned test of the Lunar Module.
Apollo 10 - First manned flight of the Lunar Module around the Moon.”
Apollo 12 - First precise landing on the Moon.
Apollo 13 - Aborted after oxygen tank explosion.
Apollo 14 - America's first astronaut Alan Shepard walks on the Moon.
Apollo 15 - First use of the Lunar Rover Vehicle.
Apollo 16 - First landing in the lunar highlands.
Apollo 17- Last manned flight to the Moon.”
Aldrin - Apollo 11
Title page- All images extracted from www.nasa.gov
Slide 2 – Images: http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4001/p3a.htm (chimpanzee)
nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/ database/MasterCatalog?sc... (Sputnik)
Slide 3 – Images: http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4001/p3a.htm (rocket)
Slide 4 – Images: history.nasa.gov/ SP-4001/p3a.htm (rocket)
grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/ SMALL/GPN-2000-000652.jpg (capsule)
Slide 5 – Images: fcit.usf.edu/.../photos/ nasa/people/people19.htm (astronauts)
http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4001/p3a.htm (control crew)
Slide 6 – Image: grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/ SMALL/GPN-2000-001269.jpg
Slide 7 – Image: http://home.cwru.edu/~sjr16/advanced/20th_close_gemini.html
Slide 8 – Image: http://www.astronautix.com/craftfam/gemini.htm
Slide 9 – Images: grin.hq.nasa.gov/IMAGES/ SMALL/GPN-2000-001343.jpg
grin.hq.nasa.gov/ BROWSE/JSC_22.html (top left corner)
aboutfacts.net/ufo/ UFO20/Gemini6And7.jpg (bottom left corner)
Slide 10 – Image: http://www.hogya.com/apollo.html
Slide 11 – Image:www.nasa.gov
Slide 12 – Image: www.ebay.com Text: http://www.hogya.com/apollo.html
Slide 13 – Image: www.nasa.gov Text: http://www.hogya.com/apollo.html
Song: “Leaving Port” by James Horner. Album “Titanic.”