4-H Horsemanship Skills - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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4-H Horsemanship Skills

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  1. 4-H Horsemanship Skills Pat Comerford, Extension Horse Specialist Donna Zang, Butler County Extension Director Patty Kelly, Westmoreland Co. Volunteer

  2. What is the Horsemanship Skills Program? • Planned progression of horse handling and riding skills • 4-H member evaluated and completes one level before advancing to next level • Emphasis on safety and education, not competition!

  3. Horsemanship Skills Program • Optional! • EVERY youth can participate Youth may share horses

  4. Objectives of Program • Develop horsemanship & safety skills • Recognize individual member accomplishment & achievement of goals • Educate youth, volunteers, & parents • Promote cooperation and teamwork • Develop life skills in youth

  5. Why are we doing this? • Key component of 4-H Horse Safety Program • Initiated in 1996 • Meetings, input from volunteers, agents and 4-H members

  6. Skill Level 1 • ALL members MUST start at Level 1 • Emphasizes basic, correct and safe handling and riding • Beginners • Walk-trot only Examples: • Catch, halter, lead, tie, bridle, saddle • Stop, start, turn, circle • Emergency dismount

  7. Skill Level 2 • Builds a solid foundation of handling and horsemanship skills • Introduces use of proper aids • Introduces canter or lope and proper aids Examples: • Showmanship skills, bathing, clipping, etc. • Control of horse at canter or lope • Transitions - upward and downward • Begin lateral movements; leg yield, sidepass

  8. Skill Level 3 • Uses foundation skills to learn intermediate horsemanship skills • Rider expected to be balanced while using aids and maintaining an even pace • More advanced control and confidence Examples: • Lunge horse • Turns on forehand, hindquarter • More lateral movements; shoulder in, etc. • Counter canter

  9. Level 4 • Advanced • Balanced horse and rider • Exhibit calmness, rhythm, suppleness, coordination Examples: • Understands trailer safety • Lengthening and shortening of gaits • 360 degree turns hindquarter, forequarter • Flying lead changes

  10. Getting Started... • OPTIONAL! • Agent & volunteers decide whether or not to implement • County-wide or club level? • Could be used by: • Individual members • Local clubs • County programs

  11. Next Steps… • Identify volunteer committee to plan and implement program • Good working relationship with agent!! • Identify at least 3 volunteers for testing • Identify one volunteer to coordinate records

  12. Examiner Training • Level 3 - 4 Examiner Trainers will train and certify Level 1-2 examiners • Process similar to 4-H horse measurer certification

  13. Examiner Training • Level 1 - 2 Examiners: Screened 4-H volunteer MUST have agent approval & completed examiner form Attend certification training Demonstrate ability to evaluate skills

  14. Level 1 - 2 Testing • County level • 3 volunteers required for every test • Mix volunteers from different clubs • County sets testing dates

  15. Examiner Training • Level 3 - 4 Examiners: Screened 4-H volunteer MUST have approval of PA 4-H Horse Program Development Committee Attend certification training Demonstrate ability to evaluate skills

  16. Level 3 - 4 Testing • District, regional, or state level • 3 volunteers required for every test • Mix volunteers from different counties • District or Development Committee sets testing dates

  17. Level 3-4 Testing • Penn State or another location to be determined • District or state event? • Will set testing as needed

  18. County Implementation • Volunteers and agent meet to develop county plans • Need consensus on what is successful skill completion • Set testing date(s) for Level 1 • Allow at least 6 - 8 weeks from introduction to first testing • May cooperate with other counties

  19. Introduce Members • Member Packet • Information sheet • Member Skill Sheets • Reference list • Attend meetings, educational activities

  20. How do 4-H members learn skills? • Practice skills at home • Local club meetings • Clinics, practice sessions, mock testing • Member, adult demonstrations • Use reference materials

  21. Members can progress beyond these skills to more specialized areas • Jumping • Reining • Contest classes • Driving • Competitive trail riding

  22. Tips for success…. • Progression through these skills will vary for every horse and rider • Set no time limits • Keep evaluations friendly & informative • No one fails! • Just need to practice and retest

  23. Awards • Important to recognize member accomplishments! • Suggested awards list • Create your own! • Level 3-4 in state show catalog • State awards?

  24. In Summary…. • Program focuses on member development, not competition! • Emphasizes safety • Enhances existing projects • Ties into existing skills and project requirements

  25. Check web site for new information! • Penn State Horse Program web site • www.das.psu.edu • Click on horses - then 4-H Horse Program!