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British High Command German high command Rationing The Blackout Evacuation VE and VJ day PowerPoint Presentation
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British High Command German high command Rationing The Blackout Evacuation VE and VJ day - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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British High Command German high command Rationing The Blackout Evacuation VE and VJ day

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  1. British High Command German high command Rationing The Blackout Evacuation VE and VJ day Quiz about ww2

  2. British High Command Back to contents

  3. Winston Churchill 1874 - 1965 First Lord of the Admiralty in Chamberlain's government then Prime Minister and Minister of  Defence from May 1940. Probably the greatest British hero of this century. His defiance of Nazi Germany, spirit and his superb leadership and oratory skills were a positive inspiration to British and Allied morale.

  4. Neville Chamberlain 1869 - 1940 Prime Minister from  May1937 until May 1940. During his time as Prime Minister he had followed a policy of appeasement of the Nazis in an attempt to avert war. By May 1940 he had lost the confidence of the British people and Parliament and surrendered the leadership to Churchill. He remained a member of the Cabinet, but died in November 1940.

  5. Clement Atlee 1883 - 1967 Deputy Prime Minister in Churchill's coalition government. He became Prime minister following the defeat of Churchill's Conservative Party in the general election of  July 1945.

  6. German high command Back to contents

  7. Adolf Hitler 1889-1945 Dictator of Nazi Germany,  Supreme Commander and Commander-in-Chief of German armed forces.  His refusal to heed the advice of  his Generals was a large factor in the demise of  German military fortunes. He committed suicide in his Berlin bunker in April 1945.

  8. Hermann Goering 1893-1946 Chief of the Luftwaffe and one of the most powerful men in Germany. Vain, greedy and incompetent at his appointed task, he spent most of the war enriching his personal wealth. Sentenced to death after the Nuremburg Trials, he committed suicide before he could be hanged.

  9. Joseph Goebbels 1897-1945 Minister for Propaganda, he had total control of the German press and radio. He was doggedly loyal to his Fuhrer, and was once named by Hitler as his possible successor.

  10. Rationing Back to contents

  11. Food Rationing Before the Second World War started Britain imported about 55 million tons of food a year from other countries. After war was declared in September 1939, the British government had to cut down on the amount of food it brought in from abroad as German submarines started bombing British supply ships. There was a worry that this would lead to shortages of food supplies in the shops so the British government decided to introduce a system of rationing.

  12. Clothes Rationing It wasn’t just food that was rationed clothes were too. Clothes rationing began on june 1st 1941, two years after food rationing started. Clothes rationing ended on 15th march 1949. there was a shortage of clothes materials to make clothes. People had clothes tokens that they could buy with!

  13. The Blackout Back to contents

  14. The Blackout On the 1st September 1939, two days before the outbreak of war, Britain was blacked out. Under blackout rules, everyone had to cover up their windows at night with black material. This was to make it difficult for German bombers to find their target in the dark. Street lights were switched off or dimmed and shielded to deflect their light downward. Traffic lights and vehicle headlights were fitted with slotted covers to deflect their beam down to the floor Thousands of people died in road accidents. The number of road accidents increased because of the lack of street lighting and the dimmed traffic lights. To help prevent accidents white stripes were painted on the roads and on lamp-posts. People were encouraged to walk facing the traffic and men were advised to leave their shirt-tails hanging out so that they could be seen by cars with dimmed headlights.

  15. Evacuation Back to contents

  16. Evacuation means leaving a place. During the Second World War, many children living in big cities and towns were moved temporarily from their homes to places considered safer, usually out in the countryside. The first official evacuations began on September 1st 1939, two days before the declaration of war. A second evacuation effort was started after the Germans had taken over most of France. From June 13 to June 18, 1940, around 100,000 children were evacuated (in many cases re-evacuated). When the Blitz began on 7 September 1940, children who had returned home or had not been evacuated were evacuated. London's population was reduced by a little less than 25%.

  17. VE Day Followed By VJ Day Back to contents

  18. VE Day Go to next pg to see about VJ day VE Day – Victory in Europe celebrates the end of the Second World War on 8 May 1945. 8 May 1945 - Winston Churchill announced VE Day - Victory in Europe. This day marks the end of WW2 in Europe. Street parties were held all over Britain to celebrate the end of the war But even though the war was over japan did not stop bombing over countries. Japan, did not surrender at the same time as Germany. It was able to hold out for another few months. Atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9 respectively. After that the Imperial government sought the Emperor's personal authority to surrender which he granted. He made a personal radio address announcing the decision.

  19. VJ Day 15 August 1945 - Japan surrenders to the Allies V-J Day (Victory in Japan) 2 September 1945 - Having agreed in principle to unconditional surrender on 15 August 1945, Japan formally surrenders, ending World War II throughout the rest of the world. The surrender was signed on 2 Sept. 1945 aboard the battleship U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay.

  20. Here is your big quiz

  21. What day did Japan surrender? 15th august 1943 25th September 1939 15th august 1945 8th may 1945 Q.1

  22. Try again! Wrong answer!

  23. When did evacuation start? 1st September 1939 13th may 2008 17th November 1983 1st November 1940 Q.2

  24. Which English priminister was born in 1869? Clement Atlee Winston Churchill Joseph Goebbels Neville Chamberlain Q.3

  25. Try again! Wrong answer!

  26. Try again! Wrong answer!

  27. Who is dictator of the Nazis? Jack piper Adolf Hitler Joseph Goebbels Clement atlee Q.4

  28. Try again! Wrong answer!

  29. Who committed suicide before being hanged? Hermann Goering Adolf Hitler Neville chamberlain Joseph Goebbels Q.5

  30. Try again! Wrong answer!