Energy At Any Cost?. Michael Ferder Science Department Herbert Lehman High School Bronx, New York. Introduction As industrial societies grow, so too has the need for more of the world’s resources. The needs of man are often in direct conflict with nature.
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Herbert Lehman High School
Bronx, New York
As industrial societies grow, so too has the need for more of the world’s resources. The needs of man are often in direct conflict with nature.
The balance necessary for an industrial society to grow, andfor animals to survive within their habitats is constantly being tested.
Damage To The Alaskan Environment By Oil Pollution
1.8 million barrels/day.
a- state residents each received rebate check worth $1,770
March 24, 1989: The Exxon Valdez runs aground in Prince William Sound, spilling 11 million gallons of crude oil into an environmentally fragile ecosystem.
Environmental Interest Groups: Lobbied Congress to enact stricter laws and fines governing oil transportation in ships.Evaluation of Current Policies and Actions
Action: Federal government law passed making it mandatory for new tankers to be double hulled.
Action: Law suits filled in state and federal courts.
Case not settled
Controlling future development in Prudhoe Bay and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.Evaluation of Current Policies and Actions
Action: Federal regulations determine gas consumption for cars.
More SUV’s being purchased increasing demand for oil.
To-date not effective.
Action: Environmental Interest Groups lobbied the Federal government to withhold oil rights to the federal lands. To-date, highly effective.
Willingness of state residents to forego oil endowment refund, or royalty taxes.Evaluation of Current Policies and Actions
Action:Self policing by the petroleum industry is considered unacceptable by environmental groups. Considering the poor track record the industry has regarding the environment.
Action:State politicians unwilling to stop payout from the endowment fund to residents. State dependent upon tax revenues from oil production.
The survival of our fragile ecosystems rests on the beliefs that corporate responsibility and environmental policies can be balanced for the good of a nation. These policies/beliefs are constantly being challenged to prevent further Exxon Valdez type catastrophes.