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Team Based Learning (TBL) Professor Colin Mason Director Institute of Teaching and Learning
Teaching that is ‘research-informed’and focused on learning Problem-based (critical, creative thinking) Inquiry-based (research skills) Team-based (co-operation & collaboration) Teaching Project-based (self, peer assessment) Work-based (authentic, real or simulated)
I have used Team (or group ) work before ... • And, there were problems !! • So, why should we use it? • It’s not just educationists that advocate it
Why use team work? “Team work is person-friendly; it requires people to communicate and co-operate. Within a team, work is non-competitive and supported by team members. This is the opposite of much individual work in computing degree courses, where students do not communicate except with a computer, and compete for the highest ranking in the class. Team work is recommended as a means for attracting females into science and technology courses by the Equal Opportunities Commission .. and by Sue V Rosser” Julia Dain (1992) “Person-Friendly Computer Science”
Why else should I use team work? • People work in teams and co-operate in employment • Students learn from each other in teams (more feedback) • Much learning is excessively competitive and undertaken in isolation (eg exam time!) • Teams can achieve far more than individuals • Resource Pressures: • less supervision • less marking (and feedback) • less equipment • fewer project or essay titles
Types of learning in teams • Tutorial teams • Learning teams • Peer tutoring teams • Project teams • Problem-centred teams • Task-oriented teams • Other types ?
Assessment of team work • Products and Outcomes (Reports, Essays, Posters etc) • Process (How the team worked together)
Assessment of products and processes • Team grade • Split grade: components/contract • Shared team grade • Peer assessed contribution to team • Individual viva • Individual exam on team work content
Assessment of Team Process • Team report • How did you form and start work? • How did you work? • What happened? • What did you do about it? • What have you learnt about Teams? • Section of final report • Individual report • Observation and/or viva
The benefits of teams for students • Students produce better quality learning outcomes if they co-operate with others • Students learn more if they learn in teams • Students learn more through teaching and assessing than through being taught and being assessed • Student teams can learn more independently and can tackle larger scale problems (contribute to research?) than the individual members alone • Students (& staff!) find team work engaging and work harder in teams (providing attention is paid to team work skills)
So, what’s different about TBL? • That’s what we are here to learn more about ..... • But, aren’t the following good reasons to want to find out more .... ?
Team-based learning outcomes • Students do take responsibility for their learning • Students do the preparation before class • Peer pressure does ensure collaboration and co-operation • Students do develop a commitment to ‘showing up’ • Students do recognise the abilities of all members of their team (especially the less vocal) • Students do develop communication skills (especially how to make and defend an argument – which builds self confidence and resilience) • Students do learn to challenge ‘authority’