The roman republic
1 / 15

The Roman Republic - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

The Roman Republic. Before the Romans…. Various civilizations across the peninsula Latins in 800 BCE Legend: Romulus & Remus and the founding of Rome The most influential on Romans (later) were the Etruscans. Etruscan Writing.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Roman Republic' - lester

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Before the romans
Before the Romans…

  • Various civilizations across the peninsula

  • Latins in 800 BCE

    • Legend: Romulus & Remus and the founding of Rome

  • The most influential on Romans (later) were the Etruscans

Romans establish a republic
Romans Establish a Republic

  • Res Republica~ Latin for “that which belongs to the people”

    • One of ancient Rome’s greatest contributions to our modern world

    • Lasts for nearly 500 years beginning in 509 BCE

Basic terms
Basic Terms

  • Patrician: landowning upper class (aristocrats)

  • Plebian: farmers, merchants, artisans, traders

    • Most of population

  • Assembly: group of persons gathered for a specific, common reason

The senate
The Senate

  • In the early Republic, Senate controlled by and made up of patricians only

  • Duties & Privileges

    • served for life

    • elected officials

    • passed laws

    • determined foreign policy

    • acted as a court

The forum then and now
The Forum - Then and Now


  • Each year, two were nominated by the Senate from the Patrician class

  • Checks put on their power

    • could serve only one term

    • had to approve one another’s decisions

  • In war, the Senate chose a dictator

    • granted absolute power for 6 months

Plebians fight for their rights
Plebians Fight for their Rights

  • Tribunes – elected officials of the Plebians

    • protected interests of the Plebians

    • could veto laws seen as harmful to them

  • Called for Rome’s laws to be written and published

    • Twelve Tablets

  • Over time, chosen as Consuls and allowed into the Senate

Roman republic grows
Roman Republic Grows

  • By 270 BCE, controlled most of Italian Peninsula

    • Use citizen-soldiers in groups called Legions

  • Treated defeated enemies with justice

  • Italy begins to unite under Roman rule

Policy of imperialism
Policy of Imperialism

  • Control over foreign lands and people

  • Punic Wars ~ 264-146 BCE

    • Fought (and defeated) Carthage 3 times

  • Moved into Eastern Mediterranean

    • Called the Mediterranean Mare Nostrum (“Our Sea”)

Impacts of imperialism at home
Impacts of Imperialism at Home

  • Rome becomes very rich

  • widespread use of slave labor on Latifundias

    • huge estates with large farm tracts

    • hurt small farmers

    • jobless/landless move into cities

  • greed and self interest replaced traditional Roman values

Roman republic declines
Roman Republic Declines

  • series of civil wars

    • At issue – Who should hold power?

  • established Legions had more loyalty to commanders

    • rival commanders marched their armies into Rome to advance their own ambitions