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10 if interest rates=FALL then stock market=RISE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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10 if interest rates=FALL then stock market=RISE 20 if interest rates=RISE then stock market=FALL 30 if dollar exchange rate=FALL then interest rates=RISE 40 if dollar exchange rate=RISE then interest rates=FALL 50 if fedint=FALL AND FEDMON=ADD then inerest rates=FALL.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

10 if interest rates=FALL then stock market=RISE

20 if interest rates=RISE then stock market=FALL

30 if dollar exchange rate=FALL then interest rates=RISE

40 if dollar exchange rate=RISE then interest rates=FALL

50 if fedint=FALL AND FEDMON=ADD then inerest rates=FALL

dollar exchange rate=FALL

R30

interestrate=RISE

R20

stock market=FALL

slide2
10 if interest=FALL

then stock=RISE

20 if interest=RISE

then stock market=FALL

30 if dollar=FALL

then interest=RISE

40 if dollar=RISE

then interest=FALL

50 if fedint=FALL AND FEDMON=ADD

then inerest =FALL

1 interest

2

3

4

5 interest

6

7

8

9 dollar

10

11

12

13 dollar

14

15

16

17 fedint

18 fedmon

forward chaining…

?dollar=rise

I NI

value

interest

dollar

fedint

fedmon

stock

variable list

knowledge base

clause variable list

rule no clause no

clause variable pointer

conclusion variable queue

slide3
10 if interest=FALL

then stock=RISE

20 if interest=RISE

then stock market=FALL

30 if dollar=FALL

then interest=RISE

40 if dollar=RISE

then interest=FALL

50 if fedint=FALL AND FEDMON=ADD

then inerest =FALL

1 interest

2

3

4

5 interest

6

7

8

9 dollar

10

11

12

13 dollar

14

15

16

17 fedint

18 fedmon

forward chaining…

?dollar=rise

I NI

value

interest

dollar

fedint

fedmon

stock

Rise

I

variable list

knowledge base

clause variable list

interest

1

40

rule no clause no

13

clause variable pointer

conclusion variable queue

slide4
10 if interest=FALL

then stock=RISE

20 if interest=RISE

then stock market=FALL

30 if dollar=FALL

then interest=RISE

40 if dollar=RISE

then interest=FALL

50 if fedint=FALL AND FEDMON=ADD

then inerest =FALL

1 interest

2

3

4

5 interest

6

7

8

9 dollar

10

11

12

13 dollar

14

15

16

17 fedint

18 fedmon

forward chaining…

?dollar=rise

I NI

value

Fall

interest

dollar

fedint

fedmon

stock

I

Rise

I

I

Rise

variable list

knowledge base

clause variable list

stock

1

10

rule no clause no

1

clause variable pointer

conclusion variable queue

backward chaining

Decision nodes

Backward Chaining

less than 2 years

Do not offer

applicant a

position

9

Average less

than 3.5

How many

years experience

does applicant

have?

7

Do not offer

applicant a

position

2

No

Offer applicant

a position in

service

engineering

10

 2

Does applicant

have a degree?

1

applicant

possibly

qualifies for

a position

3

What’s

applicant’s

overall average?

5

Yes

Yes

average

 3.5

Did applicant

make an

important

discovery?

4

Offer applicant

a position in

product

engineering

8

Offer applicant

a position in

research

6

Yes

Yes

backward chaining1

Goals (conclusions)

Subconclusion

Backward Chaining

less than 2 years

Do not offer

applicant a

position

9

Average less

than 3.5

How many

years experience

does applicant

have?

7

Do not offer

applicant a

position

2

No

Offer applicant

a position in

service

engineering

10

 2

Does applicant

have a degree?

1

applicant

possibly

qualifies for

a position

3

What’s

applicant’s

overall average?

5

Yes

Yes

average

 3.5

Did applicant

make an

important

discovery?

4

Offer applicant

a position in

product

engineering

8

Offer applicant

a position in

research

6

Yes

Yes

backward chaining2

Variable

Conditions

IF part

Backward Chaining

less than 2 years

Do not offer

applicant a

position

9

Average less

than 3.5

How many

years experience

does applicant

have?

7

Do not offer

applicant a

position

2

No

Offer applicant

a position in

service

engineering

10

 2

Does applicant

have a degree?

1

applicant

possibly

qualifies for

a position

3

What’s

applicant’s

overall average?

5

Yes

Yes

average

 3.5

Did applicant

make an

important

discovery?

4

Offer applicant

a position in

product

engineering

8

Offer applicant

a position in

research

6

Yes

Yes

slide8

Backward Chaining…Creating a knowledge base (conversion to IF-THEN rules)

No

IF applicant has a degree = yes,

THEN applicant possibly qualifies for a position = yes

Does applicant

have a degree?

1

applicant

possibly

qualifies for

a position

3

Yes

slide9

Backward Chaining…Creating a knowledge base (conversion to IF-THEN rules)

  • Choose a conclusion node of the decision tree. Record it.
  • Choose a decision node with a connecting branch to the left of the node you chose in step 1. Record that node
  • Continue doing step 2 until either there are no more nodes to the left or until a conclusion node is reached. If a conclusion node is reached record it and stop. IF there are no more nodes, stop.
  • Each decision node in the path is the variable part of an IF clause. The value associated with the branch is the condition. All connected clauses use the logical AND.
  • The conclusion becomes the THEN part
slide10

Backward Chaining…Creating a knowledge base (conversion to IF-THEN rules)

conclusion

IF DEGREE = YES AND DISCOVERY = YES THEN POSITION = RESEARCH

Did applicant

make an

important

discovery?

4

Does applicant

have a degree?

1

Offer applicant

a position in

research

6

Yes

Yes