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Chapter 18 by 6J. The Second Industrial Revolution. Inventors. The second industrial revolution was fueled by inventors like Henry Bessemer who found a way to manufacture steel quickly and cheeply .

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chapter 18 by 6j

Chapter 18 by 6J

The Second Industrial Revolution

  • The second industrial revolution was fueled by inventors like Henry Bessemer who found a way to manufacture steel quickly and cheeply.
  • This opened the door for others who would forge ahead in areas such as railroads, automotive, and the oil industries.
  • The second industrial revolution introduced new technology and new sources of power
henry bessemer

Henry Bessemer

by: Rebecca

the steel industry
The steel industry
  • Henry Bessemer invented the Bessemer process the Bessemer process is a way to manufacture steel quickly and cheaply by blasting hot air through melted iron to quickly remove impurities.
  • Bessemer process was invented in the mid-1850s
bessemer process
Bessemer process
  • Steel was very expensive and only used in small expensive items like knives, swords and armor.
  • Because of the Bessemer process the steel was used for railroad rails.
thomas edison

Thomas Edison

By Gia Aleman

thomas edison1
Thomas Edison
  • Born in Milan, Ohio
  • February 11 1847- October 18 1931
  • Died in West George, New Jersey
  • He was a entrepreneur and an inventor.
  • Best known for the invention of the light bulb and the phonograph.
some inventions
Some Inventions
  • 1879

His team of inventors created the light bulb

  • 1863

He made improvements to the telegraph.

  • 1877

He invented the phonograph.

  • 1801
    • He invented batteries.
early years
Early Years
  • He didn’t learn to talk until he was 4.
  • His teacher labeled him mentally slow.
  • He failed at school.
    • His mother homeschooled him.
did you know
Did You Know
  • He was the first to project a motion picture in 1896, at Koster & Bial's Music Hall in New York City.
  • He had scarlet fever when he was young and left him with hearing difficulties in both ears,
    • Which would eventually leave him nearly deaf as an adult.
alexander graham b ell

Alexander Graham Bell

By chase Lehman

who was alexander graham bell
Who was Alexander Graham Bell
  • Alexander graham bell created the telegraph in 1873 and 1874.
  • He was friends with Helen Keller, met with Queen Victoria and James Garfield.
alexander s life
Alexander's life
  • Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3, 1847, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He wanted to continue of his father’s work on Visible Speech for the deaf.
  • Bell worked with Thomas Watson on the design and patent of the first practical telephone. In all, Bell held 18 patents in his name alone.
  • He died on August 2, 1922, in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada.
alex s life continued
Alex's life continued …
  • Alex moved to Boston in1870 with his brothers widow and his parents after the deaths of his brothers due to tuberculosis.
  • He created the telephone on March 10,1876.
fun facts
Fun facts
  • The first call was when he spilled acid on himself and called to his assistant, but he heard it from the telephone.
  • The first words ever were “Watson, come here. I want to see you”.
  • Alex taught students that were deaf-mute. His teachings were based on his father’s teachings.
henry ford

Henry Ford

Inventor of the Model T

his life
His Life

He was born July 30, 1863, on a small farm in Greenfield Township, Michigan.

He was married and had 1 child.

In 1891 he became an engineer with the Edison Illuminating Company.

He made the “Quadricycle” (A early version of a car) in 1896

He died on April 7, 1947

life achievements
Life Achievements

He created the Model T that was cheap enough for the public at only $825.00

He helped bring about a time of rapid growth and progress that would change the world forever.

He was first to implement the assembly line.

And A Small Video of a car on a assembly line.

fun facts1
Fun Facts

When he was young he took apart watches and put them back together to show his friends this is most likely where he got to like building.

During World War 1 he tried to start the Ford Airplane Company

wilbur orville wright

Wilbur & Orville Wright

By Savannah Allen

wright brothers1
Wright brothers
  • 1867 April 16 Wilbur Wright born
  • Orville Wright was born in 1871 August 19
  • May 30 1912Wilbur dies of typhoid fever in Dayton.
  • 1948 January 30 Orville dies of heart attack in Dayton

The Wright brothers invented the airplane

  • It was lightweight
  • Small
  • Gas powered engine
  • It was created in December 17, 1903
big business
Big Business
  • Advanced technology and the use of oil and electric power helped American business grow
  • The shape of the American economy changed
  • Some companies grew so large that they began to dominate entire industries
  • These are their stories…
andrew carnegie

Andrew Carnegie

By Andrew. Indovina

fun facts2
Fun facts
  • Born in Dunfermline Scotland in 1835
  • Became a multimillionaire in the steel industry
  • Made steel mills extremely efficient
  • He brought new tech to the industry
  • Established Carnegie Mellon University
rich man
Rich man
  • He sold his industry for $250000000
  • He then the richest man in the world
  • He made lot of investments especially in oil
  • What is something you learned.
john d rockefeller

John D. Rockefeller

By: Caroline Pranke

  • He was born July 8, 1839 in Richford, New York.
  • His mother was very religious and his father claimed he could cure cancers.
  • At 12 years old he had saved over 50 dollars.
  • He went to Owego Academy in 1852 and in 1853 they moved to Cleveland, Ohio.
what he did
What He Did
  • He was successful in consolidating or combining businesses.
  • At age 21 he decided to start an oil-refining business.
  • In only 10 years it became the largest oil refining company in the US.
  • Rockefeller’s company created horizontal integration or owning all business in a certain field.
early business career
Early Business Career
  • At age 16 he began looking for work in Cleveland as a bookkeeper or clerk.
  • By 1858 he got more responsibilities at Hewitt and Tuttle.
  • In 1859 Rockefeller made a partnership with Maurice Clark forming Clark and Rockefeller.
when he died
When He Died
  • He died on May 23, 1937.
  • The estate he owned, totaled to only $26,410,837.
  • He gave most of his land to philanthropies, his sons, and other heirs.
  • Sold equipment to miners in the late 1800’s
  • Remade himself as a gold rush shopkeeper
  • He left the Midwest and became a wholesale grocery business
  • Became the governor of California
story of his life
Story of his life
  • He was born march 9, 1824
  • Became a governor of California in 1861
  • Became the president of a industry to make a railroad in the central pacific
  • He founded Stanford university in 1885
  • He died June 21, 1893
political man
Political man
  • To the casual observer he might have seemed an interesting choice. Slow to speak, a deliberate thinker, Stanford was characterized by a plodding nature that repeatedly vexed his railroad partners.
  • However he relished public life, and it was in this capacity that he best served the Central Pacific.
  • As the board of directors took form in 1860, Stanford headed east to lobby for the venture and gain partisan support for his gubernatorial bid.
railroad president
Railroad president
  • On January 8, 1863, Governor Stanford broke ground to inaugurate the Central Pacific's construction.
  • However he relished public life, and it was in this capacity that he best served the Central Pacific.
  • As the board of directors took form in 1860, Stanford headed east to lobby for the venture and gain partisan support for his gubernatorial bid.
industrial workers
Industrial Workers
  • The rise of corporations and the establishment of monopolies gave big business a great deal of power
  • Workers began to organize and take action against bad working conditions and other problems
homestead strike

Homestead strike

By: Samantha

where it took place
Where it took Place
  • The strike took place in Andrew Carnegie’s homestead steel factory in Pennsylvania
what happened
What Happened
  • The company refused to negotiate with the union and locked workers out of the plant
  • The workers responded by seizing control of the plant
  • Gunfire erupted on July 6 when Pinkertons detectives hired by the company and tried to enter the plant
the battle
The Battle
  • A fierce battle raged for 14 hours, leaving 16 people dead
  • The governor called out the state militia to restore order
  • Continuing for four more months the union was eventually defeated
pullman strike

Pullman Strike

By Mahlet Ashmy

what is it
What is it??????
  • The Pullman strike is a railroad strike that ended when President Grover Cleveland sent federal troops.
  • On May 11 workers began the Pullman strike ,which stopped traffic on many railroad lines until federal courts ordered the workers to return to their jobs.
why did it happen
Why did it happen????????
  • The Pullman Strike occurred because of the way George Mortimer Pullman, founder and president of the Pullman Palace Car Company, treated his workers.
who is george mortimer pullman
Who is George Mortimer Pullman????
  • George Mortimer Pullman was an American engineer and industrialist. He designed and manufactured the Pullman sleeping car and founded a company town, Pullman, for the workers who manufactured it. A sleeping car is a railroad car where passengers sleep :a railroad car that has bunks or compartments in which passengers can sleep in.
videoe yayayayayaya
haymarket riot

Haymarket Riot

By: Alexandria B.

the riot
The Riot
  • Someone threw a bomb that wounded many police officers.
  • The police fired into the crowd, killing several people
  • The riot wounded 100 people
  • May 4, 1886
  • November, 10 1877
  • On November 11, 1887, Samuel Fielden, Adolph Fischer, August Spies, and Albert Parson were executed


the people
The people
  • Eight anarchist labor leaders, known as the Haymarket Martyrs, were arrested and convicted of instigating violence and conspiring to commit murder.
  • On November 10, 1887, one of the eight committed suicide while in prison, and the next day four others were hanged.