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Classroom Management Strategies for Effective Instruction. Keith Lakes, Behavior Consultant Lisa Smith, Instruction/Behavior Consultant Upper Cumberland Special Education Co-operative October 2002. Today’s Agenda. Welcome and Opening Activities The Characteristics of an Effective Teacher
Keith Lakes, Behavior Consultant
Lisa Smith, Instruction/Behavior Consultant
Upper Cumberland Special Education Co-operative
Lunch is on your own
Breaks will be taken as needed
…all of the things that a teacher does to organize students, space, time and materials so that instruction in content and student learning can take place.
Two major goals…
-First Days of School, Wong
Think of as many responses to the following statement as you can…
An effective teacher…
Dealing With Student Behavior in Today’s Classrooms
Do your best
Be kind to others
Keep hands, feet, and objects to yourself.
Raise your hand and wait for permission to speak.
Sit in your seat unless you have permission to leave it.
Walk, don’t run, at all times in the classroom.Examples…
It should be noted that prior to enacting corrective consequences, positive reinforcement strategies should be utilized.
“The best behavior plans are excellent academic lesson plans.” – source unknown
Why Do We Punish?
P: takes away a behavior by force, but replaces it with nothing*Discipline vs. Punishment
Effective teachers introduce rules, procedures, and routines on the very first day of school and continue to teach and reinforce them throughout the school year.
Procedures: Concerns how things are DONE
Procedures: Have NO penalties or rewards
A procedure is simply a method or process for how things are to be done in a classroom.
It is the responsibility of the the teacher to communicate effectively
A ROUTINE is what the student does automatically without prompting or supervision
Becomes a habit, practice, or custom for the student
5. If the student does not get to work, RELAX and WAIT. Repeat Step 4 if necessary.
IT TAKES ONE FOOL TO TALK BACK.
IT TAKES TWO FOOLS TO MAKE A
CONVERSTAION OUT OF IT.
7. When the student responds with the appropriate behavior say, “Thank you,” and leave with an affirmative SMILE. If a student goes so far as to earn an office referral, you can deliver it just as well RELAXED. After all, ruining your composure and peace of mind does not enhance classroom management.
-Adapted from Fred Jones, Positive Classroom
Discipline and Positive Classroom Instruction
1) Level of Classroom Structure – based on risk factors of your students.
2) Guidelines for Success – attitudes, traits, or behaviors to help achieve success.
3) Rules – specific, observable, and measurable behavioral objectives
4) Teaching Expectations – What, how, and when expectations will be taught
5) Monitoring – How you will monitor the progress of the expectations.
6) Encouragement Procedures – How you will encourage students to demonstrate motivated and responsible behavior.
7) Correction Procedures – How you will respond to irresponsible behavior.
8) Managing Student Work – What procedures and systems you will use to manage student work.
1) Context – students entering classroom immediately after recess.
2) Expected Behavior – Entering the room quietly, go to desks, begin task, keep hands to self.
3) Context modification – Teacher meets students at door, has them wait and then go to desk to begin entry tasks.
4) Behavior rehearsal – Teacher reminds students just before recess of expected behaviors. Asks “student” to tell what are expected behaviors.
6) Prompts – Teacher gives signals at the door to be quiet and points to activity on Chalkboard. Teacher says “ssshh” to noisy students and praises students who are beginning work.
7) Monitoring plan – Teacher uses a watch to measure how long it takes for all students begin their tasks immediately (within 10 seconds).
1) List Previous Positive Behavior.
2) State Current Behavior.
3) State Expectations.
4) Child Repeats.
1) Youth’s Perception-
2) Adult’s Perception-
3) Connection Incident to Pattern of behavior
4) Explore Alternative Behaviors-
5) Develop A Plan-
“Classrooms have personalities just like people.”
-63 Ways of Improving Classroom Instruction
(Gary Phillips and Maurice Gibbons)
1)Power – influence over one’s own life
2)Affiliation – belonging
3)Achievement – status
How do “Tough Kids” meet these needs?
The role of the teacher is not to cover. The role of the teacher is to UNCOVER.
Who Am I Planning For?
What Am I Supposed To Do?
“Best Practices” in Lesson Planning
Some Guiding Principles
Adapted From: 63 Ways of Teaching or Learning Anything by Gary Phillips and Maurice Gibbons
Where do I go from here?