Legal Profession in Russia. Guest lecture at Law Faculty of University of Tartu, 5 th of November, 2012. Dr. Mikhail Antonov
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Guest lecture at Law Faculty of University of Tartu, 5th of November, 2012
Dr. Mikhail Antonov
Associate Professor of Law Faculty of Higher School of Economics – Saint Petersburg, Director of Research Center for Legal Argumentation, Executive Director of “Russian Yearbook for Legal Theory”, Advocate
The author’s position does not necessarily correspond to the official position of National Research University “Higher School of Economics”
The principal jobs for lawyer in Russia
Every person who has diploma of legal studies (BA, specialist, MA) is considered to be a “qualified lawyer”. People without diploma also can work as ordinary lawyers (in-house, consulting, other legal services). No obstacles to participate in court proceedings with PoA from clients (except trial cases and the CC RF). Most of the graduates first get employed in the public (state owned) companies or in public organs (such as tax inspection)
To become notary, one must have BA (MA) or specialist degree in law, to have one year of internship at notary’s office after graduating studies, also to stand qualification exams. The territory of Russia is divided into notaries’ districts , and there can be no more than one notary in one district; to get office the candidates must be inscribed in the list of attendance and wait for a vacant position in their region.
Several possibilities which imply getting a stable but not highly paid job in one of the law enforcement agencies . To become investigator, attorney or prosecutor, one needs to have BA or specialist degree in law, one has not to stand any exams.
Status of advocate
– (according to Federal Law from 31.05.2002 № 63)
Advocate is free to agree with her client any fee; regional bars from time to time issue the “recommended tariffs” but they are not obligatory and do not cover all the situations; when agreeing on the remuneration, the only condition is that the fee must not depend on outcome of the court case.
Status of judge (according to Federal Law № 3132-1from 26.06.1992 )