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Chapter 18 . Renewing the Sectional Struggle 1848-1854. ______ Presidential Election. ________________________( did not run) ________________ ( Veteran of the War of 1812 / Dem-Rep.) *_______________________ Official position on slavery: __________________

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chapter 18

Chapter 18

Renewing the Sectional Struggle

1848-1854

presidential election
______ Presidential Election

________________________(did not run)

________________(Veteran of the War of 1812 / Dem-Rep.)

  • *_______________________
  • Official position on slavery: __________________
  • Democrats love him: ______________________(republic)
  • Def:

(W) _________________(_______

(final battle of Mexican-American War)

- Official position on slavery: ______________

Domestic issue in 1848 presidential election:

Presidential hopefuls = no official position for slavery / ___________

*Northerners are upset and form the

_____________________

Platform: AGAINST THE _____________________________

Later: the “NEW” Republican Party of 1856 supports

the same idea under Horace Greeley

Major Outcome of 1848 election: ___________________________

1848 free soil party
1848 – Free Soil Party

GOALS and Culture:

  • favored ______________for internal improvements and free land for settlers out west.
  • _________________
  • The party attracted a wide mix of people:
  • people _______________________________,
  • people who didn't want slavery in the new lands
  • northern abolitionists / _______________supporters

*Why did Free-Soilers hate slavery

  • ________________
  • __________________________________________
californy gold golden state
“Californy Gold”Golden State
  • ____________________– 1848 on

The American River (9 days before the end of the Mex-Am. War)

Effects:

  • Gold-Rush = _______________(not just domestic culture)
  • _______ - 49ers flooded the area in hopes of becoming rich (worldwide)

LATIN AMERICAN INTEREST

- British (disrespecting the __________________________)

US – British tension over Latin America in 1849

******** ______________________________********

- eased the growing tension between US and Britain

by claiming _________ could “______” _________ (_________________)

- Nicaragua owned by Colombia (South America)

without the other’s consent *COMPLETE NEUTRALITY*

Later: “____________” _______________________________________

(3) Economic prosperity: lumberyards, general stores, barber shops – washed clothes in Hawaii

*(4) _____________________________

(5) Applied to Congress for statehood, all the requirements were skipped (NOTE), and the South was furious.

* Straw that broke the camel’s back

slavocracy
Slavocracy
  • ___________________________________________________________________(spreading slavery)

LATIN AMERICA:

  • Clayton-Bulwer Treaty / Nicaragua

________________________– tried to imperialize Nicaragua (in complete opposition to the enforcement of the C-B Treaty)

PURPOSE: ____________________________________

Named himself president

Legalized slavery

Wanted America to annex Nicaragua

Nicaraguan locals reclaimed the area and killed Walker

CUBA:

- Southerners wanted to spread slavocracy to CUBA

FRANKLIN PIERCE (1952-1956)

Involved with:

(1) ____________________________

(2) __________________ (Ostend Manifesto)

(3) ____________________________

ALL designed to sympathize with the South!

slide6
____________________(1854)

Location: ____________________

Delegates: American ministers in (1) ______ (2) _______ and (3)______ to draw up a top secret initiative to _______________________

Issue: Southerners looked to Cuba as a possible site for American slavery's expansion.

Advising: Offer ______________________– if Spain refused…the U.S. is justified in “wrestling” for Cuba.

Issue: Northern opposition

What killed the manifesto: ___________________________________(stealing thunder)

Effect:

(1) Pierce did not run because of the Manifesto and _________________WON in a landslide victory in 1856

(2) Split the ______________________ Party

the south in 1850
The South in 1850

Loving Life:

  • Taylor is from __________ (VA Dynasty)
  • Majority in the _______________________
  • ________________were expanding (barely in the West) and cotton profits were _______

*PROBLEMS:

*_________________________________________________________________________________________(16 to 15)

*Abolition ________________________________________

*Lost fugitive slaves to North and Canada (Underground Railroad)

- “Stations” – antislavery homes

- “Passengers” – runaway slaves

- “Conductors” – white and African American abolitionists

MOST FAMOUS: Harriet Tubman (MOSES)

north in the compromise of 1850
North in the Compromise of 1850

North:

  • ______________________(Note: skipped state requirement – why?)

*Result: tipped the balance of the Senate to the North

(2) _______________________________. was banned, but slavery was still legal.

The U.S. Capital “took a stance” against slavery.

*Problem / Catch

Trade: Illegal

Slavery: legal

(3) ____________________________________________

south in compromise of 1850
South in Compromise of 1850

South:

(1) Much more “_____________” ________________“BLOODHOUND BILL”– first Fugitive Slave Law was passed in 1793 (Constitutional protection – but not largely enforced)

1,000 +/- a year were lost

- most controversial issue of the Compromise of 1850

Reasons: Northern options

(1) __________________________________

(2) _____________________for $10 to the South

When returned: ____________________________________

Northern response: _______________________– Northerners

DID NOT have to chase down fugitive slaves and return them

(2) Texas will give up “______________” claims ___________

AREA: ___________________

west in the compromise of 1850
West in the Compromise of 1850

West / Territories: __________________________

______________________________

Overall Goal of compromise of 1850:

Who benefited the most: __________________!!!!!!

Reasons

(1) tipped the balance of free and slave states toward the “free” side

(2) fugitive slave law was largely ______________________turns into threats of ___________________

(3) ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850

NORTHERN BENEFIT:

(1) California admitted as a free state. This tipped the balance to the free side, permanently.

(2)The slave trade in Washington, D.C. was banned, but slavery was still legal.

The U.S. Capital “took a stance” against slavery.

*Problem / Catch

Trade: Illegal

Slavery: legal

slide14
___________________________
  • Henry Clay (BOTH): “The Great Compromiser ”

(2) _______________________(South): NO SLAVERY

Famous Speech: “__________________________”

Secession: Peaceful Secession! Sir, Your eyes and mine are never destined to see that miracle. - Daniel Webster

Senate Speech, 1850

*Slavery is EVIL (______) but _______________________

Goal: Get the NORTH to compromise

*_______________________

(3) _________________(SOUTH) “__________________” : Enforced Fugitive Slave Act and States’ Rights

*1848 Congress: ________________________________

William________: Slavery issue = people must follow a “_________” (God), and that law is above the Constitution

Later to be Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson

railroads and gadsden purchase
Railroads and Gadsden Purchase
  • California and Oregon are annexed – Americans want a transcontinental railroad that connects the East and West coast
  • Where to build???? North or South?

Chosen path: South (GADSDEN PURCHASE)

Beginning: ________________

End: ____________________________

Problem: Part of Mexico - $15 million

*Secretary of War (__________________) = future Confederate President appoints ____________________from South Carolina to direct the mission in Mexico

Why the South:

  • ____________________________

- any Native American attack will

be addressed by the U.S. Army

(2) _______________________________

(3) _______________________________

slide16
____________________
  • “_______________” – 5’4” Illinois Senator / Steered the Comp. of 1850 through Congress

Reaction to Southern Railroad:

_____________________!!!!!!!(wanted it up north and have Chicago as a major terminus)

Reaction: introduced the _______________________(introduced in 1854 and ratified in 1856)

Purpose: organization so the railroad could possibly move from ________________________FINAL OUTCOME OF KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT:

(1) NORTHERN BENEFIT: ____________________________________(NEBRASKA TERRITORY)

(2) UNION / AMERICAN BENEFIT: __________________________________________________

(3) SOUTHERN BENEFIT: _________________________________________________________

Why would the South like Popular sovereignty?

BIG PROBLEM

What about the _______________________________________________

(4) ANSWER: it is now repealed (taken out of discussion)

NOTE:

Slavocracy theorists reaction: There goes the South again, making more land

for the extension of slavery = “Nebrascals”

***POLITICAL OUTCOME*** northern abolitionists and Free-Soilers created a newly revamped

REPUBLICAN PARTY in 1854