Poetic. Rhythm . &. Rhyme . Meter & Types Of Rhyme. Structure. Poetry is written in stanzas; stanzas are equivalent to paragraphs in an essay Stanzas are named according to the number of lines they have.
Meter & Types Of Rhyme
In an essay, a paragraph is named according to its order, and stanzas according to the number of lines
Types of Stanzas
Within structure you have sound patterns
The ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.
Bid me to weep, and I will weep A
While I have eyes to see; B
And having none, and yet I will keep A
A heart to weep for thee. B
Use letters to signify which end words rhyme to determine the scheme. This stanza uses an ABAB Rhyme Scheme
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, ___
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore— ___
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, ___
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. ___
“’Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door— ___
Only this and nothing more.” ___
She walks in beauty, like the night __
Of cloudless climes and starry skies; __
And all that's best of dark and bright __
Meet in her aspect and her eyes: __
Thus mellowed to that tender light __
Which heaven to gaudy day denies. __
Nature's first green is gold, __
Her hardest hue to hold. __
Her early leaf's a flower; __
But only so an hour. __
Then leaf subsides to leaf. __
So Eden sank to grief, __
So dawn goes down to day. __
Nothing gold can stay. __
Oh, I can smile for you, and tilt my head, __
And drink your rushing words with eager lips, __
And paint my mouth for you a fragrant red, __
And trace your brows with tutored finger-tips. __
When you rehearse your list of loves to me, __
Oh, I can laugh and marvel, rapturous-eyed. __
And you laugh back, nor can you ever see __
The thousand little deaths my heart has died. __
And you believe, so well I know my part, __
That I am gay as morning, light as snow, __
And all the straining things within my heart __
You'll never know. __
With your pair, create a poem with a distinct pattern.
Refer to the poems on the previous slides.
Rhyme in which the final accented vowel and all succeeding consonants or syllables are identical, while the preceding consonants are different.
-rider, beside her;
A partial or imperfect rhyme. The vowel sounds in half rhymes are usually not identical.
-Dry and Died
-Grown and Moon
An eye rhyme, also called a visual rhyme or a sight rhyme, is a rhyme in which two words are spelled similarly but pronounced differently and have come into general use through ‘poetic license
-Laughter and Slaughter
-Mint and Pint
-Cough and Through
Internal rhyme is rhyme which occurs within a single line of verse.
Ah, distinctly I remember, it was in the bleak December
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
Here is an example:
/ = a stressed (or strong, or LOUD) syllable
~ = an unstressed (or weak, or quiet) syllable
Meter is a word which describes the patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables in lines of poetic verse.
You can hear meter if you listen to how your voice moves up and down when you read certain poems.
English is a rhythmic language. The pitch in our voice is always going up and down depending on the words we use.
/ = Stressed syllable
U = Unstressed syllable
/ U U U / U U /
Hello Celebration Unwell
Read the following and listen to how your voice moves up and down in patterns
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
Double, double, toil and trouble;
Fire burn and cauldron bubble.
Once upon a midnight dreary,
while I pondered, weak and weary,
1 Foot - Monometer
2 Feet – Dimeter
3 Feet – Trimeter/Tercet
4 Feet – Tetrameter
5 Feet – Pentameter
6 Feet – Hexameter
7 Feet – Heptameter
8 Feet – Octameter
U / U / U / U / U /
But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?
Example of Iambic Tetrameter and Trimeter:
Because I could not stop for Death,
He kindly stopped for me;
The Carriage held but just Ourselves
I wandered, lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o’er dales and hills
When, all at once, I saw a crowd
A host of golden daffodils
What is the rhyme scheme? _____________
How many feet? ___________________
Thereis a lady sweet and kind,
Was never face so please my mind;
I did but see her passing by,
And yet I love her till I die.
What is the rhyme scheme? _____________
How many feet? ________________
Repetition – repeating words, phrases or sounds for dramatic effect
Alliteration – the repeating of the same or very similar consonant sounds usually at the beginning of words.
Ex. Betty bakes banana bread
Assonance – the repeating of similar vowel sounds (aeiou) followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together
Ex. An abbot or an ambling pad