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  1. Photo

  2. Photojournalismis the documentation of events or people through photographs that tell a story.

  3. Photojournalism can fall under all subjects of photography but the image needs to be news worthy to end up being published.

  4. Two Types of Photojournalism. • The first type is where an image is used to illustrate a story. Many feature journalists work closely with photographers and commission them to produce images that will be published with their articles.

  5. Two Types of Photojournalism. • The second is where an image is used to tell a story without any words. One single image may be used or as many as ten images are often used in magazines.

  6. One of the most important qualities of a photojournalist is his ability to react quickly when he comes along a scene that may be news worthy.

  7. Photography Exposure Basics

  8. Exposure is the amount of light collected by the sensor in your camera during a single picture. If the shot is exposed too long the photograph will be washed out. If the shot is exposed too short the photograph will appear too dark.

  9. Use of Light

  10. The angle of light should be taken into careful consideration whenever you feel like you want to create a specific effect.  Shadows can be very powerful when cast over half of someone's face. 

  11. In this photo, the light is striking the statue's face from the rear right of the camera and this adds more depth to the picture.

  12. Exposure is the amount of light collected by the sensor in your camera during a single picture. If the shot is exposed too long the photograph will be washed out. If the shot is exposed too short the photograph will appear too dark.

  13. Portrait Photography

  14. The main purpose of portrait photography is to capture the essence of the subject(s). 

  15. The three general types of portrait photography: • close-ups or facial shots; • usually have the subject's shoulders and head or less. They are basically framed around the face. These are the best to capture expressions and glamour shots.

  16. Upper body shots or midrange portraits are a little less personal than close-ups. These are easier to get satisfactory results from mainly because your subject is probably more relaxed plus you can include a little of the background. These are probably the most commonly used for single subjects and multiple subjects.

  17. Environmental portraiture are portraits that let us into the life of the subject. These usually include the whole subject in a scenario or partaking in some hobby that they enjoy.

  18. Photography: The Rules of Composition

  19. Compositionis the combining of distinct parts or elements to form a whole.

  20. Things to consider… 1. The Rule of Thirds It means that the frame can be divided into three horizontal sections and three vertical sections and therefore, where the horizontal and vertical lines intersect makes an ideal location for the more important parts of your picture. 

  21. By locating your main subject at one of the four intersections you give the subject more emphasis than if it was right smack in the middle of the picture.

  22. This is also a good technique if you have more than one important subject, the intersections can still work even if there's a subject on more than one.

  23. Things to consider… 2. Simplicity is the method of keeping the information in a photograph relatively simple. If your main subject is close, then your background should be very simple to avoid distractions

  24. Things to consider… 2. Framing is the tactic of using natural surroundings to add more meaning to your subject. It could be anything such as bushes, trees, a window, or even a doorway like in the picture at the top of this page.

  25. 3.Leading Lines are used to lure the eye deeper into a picture or to an important subject. Straight, curved, parallel, or diagonal lines are all good at promoting interest. Good examples could be roads, rivers, streams, bridges, branches, or fences.

  26. 4. Colors are what add heart and emotion to your pictures. Certain color configurations can inspire awe and amazement in onlookers. Colors can be used to add all sorts of accents and effects, but you must be careful to not draw attention away from the main subject.

  27. Night Photography

  28. Photography at night can be used to create amazing pictures.

  29. When photographing sunsets you should not only include foreground items but use the rule of thirds, specifically the horizontal section of thirds so you get a good perspective on the scene.