slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Towards an integrated science of demographic behaviour: the interplays of alleles, brains and contexts

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 8

Towards an integrated science of demographic behaviour: the interplays of alleles, brains and contexts - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 77 Views
  • Uploaded on

Towards an integrated science of demographic behaviour: the interplays of alleles, brains and contexts. John Hobcraft University of York. Pathways, Processes & Progressions. Pathways within person Gene expression Brains and neurotransmitters More attention needed

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Towards an integrated science of demographic behaviour: the interplays of alleles, brains and contexts' - leone


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Towards an integrated science of demographic behaviour: the interplays of alleles, brains and contexts

John Hobcraft

University of York

pathways processes progressions
Pathways, Processes & Progressions
  • Pathways within person
    • Gene expression
    • Brains and neurotransmitters
      • More attention needed
  • Processes through ‘environments’ or contexts
    • Other persons
    • Institutions & structures
  • Progressions through life-course
    • Continual feedbacks within and between pathways and processes
    • Impact of experience
progression through life course
Progression through Life-Course
  • Pathways and Processes interplay over time
  • Gene, Brain, Mind, Person, Other Persons, and Structures all interplay
  • Multiple dynamic process
  • Complex feedbacks and interactions
  • Sequences, precursors, triggers, packages
  • Endowments and experiences shape person who reacts and behaves
issues
Issues
  • Individuals as focus of analysis, but both in context and ‘under the skin’
  • Contingent relationships – modifiers of progressions through life-course
  • Develop mid-level theory or frameworks
  • Mechanisms – proximal links
  • Prospective studies essential
key concepts
Key concepts
  • Gene-Environment interplays
    • rGE correlations: passive, active, & evocative
    • GxE interactions: genes moderate response
  • Epistasis
    • Gene-gene interactions – combinations, cascades etc
  • Epigenesis
    • Lasting modification of gene expression by environmental stimulus
    • Evidence of both local and intergenerational heritability
what causes persistence of effects
What causes persistence of effects?
  • Epigenetic pathways (environment switches gene expression on or off)
  • Neuroendocrine responses – lasting synaptic changes in brain, both cognitive and affective
  • Feedbacks in self-esteem, personality traits, bonding
  • Key developmental stages?
  • How to identify, measure and theorise?
new emphases
New emphases
  • Refining concepts and measures that relate to behaviours and processes
    • Cognitive styles, not just ability
    • Decision-making & choice
    • Well-being
    • Social engagement
    • Impulse control
    • Personality traits
  • More on contexts and interplays of individuals with contexts
complexity simplification in social science
Complexity & Simplification in Social Science
  • Avoid mindless empiricism & grand social theory
  • End ‘blank slate’ views – nature and nurture matter (& interplay)
  • End ‘no brain’ social science of behaviour
  • Agency and structure matter (& interplay)
  • Explore pathways and mechanisms
  • Build partial theories or frameworks
  • Examine interlinked processes
  • Just complex enough models (less simplistic)
ad