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Comparative Country Experience: Germany Politics of internationalization/normalization The case of PGD Susanne Schultz, Gen-ethical Network/Berlin. Background: Politics of „ normalization “ of German politics since 1989
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Comparative Country Experience: Germany Politics of internationalization/normalizationThe case of PGDSusanne Schultz, Gen-ethical Network/Berlin
Politics of „normalization“ of German politicssince 1989
Political traditionline: leftist-feminist-antieugenicposition in favourofabortionrights, againstselectionandeugenics
(Influential in: abolitionof „embryopathicindication“, debate on Bioethicsconvention, parliamentarianinquirycommission on PGD andstemcellresearch 2000+)
7 of July of 2011 Federal Parliament (Bundestag) voted for legalization of PGD
Most permissive law proposal approved: on the base of ethics commission and restricted to the detection of „severe conditions“
Before: One year debate after Supreme Court decision in favour of physician who had denounced himself of having applied PGD
Incoherent reinterpretation of the Embryo Protection Law (1991)
allowstoproduce not morethan 3 embryos in vitro in onecyclewiththeonlypurposetoimplantthem in thewombofthewomanfromwhomtheoocyteswereextracted.
Debate during milennium change:
Main dichotomy: Status of the embryo as human being versus scientific progress (in the light of stem cell research) + reproductive choice
But also Parliamentarian influence of antieugenic/feminist/disabled people movement arguments
Conservative embryo protection (with leading figure, chancellor Merkel) and less prominent feminist/antieugenic coalition (Reprokult feminist experts, Gen-ethical network, welfare organizations for disabled people did declarations, but less movement based)
-> more difficult for progressive critique
questionofembryostorageandresearchasconsequenceofthelaw (whathappenstothe „threerule“)
Old challenge: hegemonicframe - statusoftheembryo versus progressive pro-scienceposition