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Frankenstein. Introduction. Publication. - published in 1818 - although a perfect example of the Gothic tradition, it is also considered to be the first science fiction novel - it was originated during a contest between friends. The inner circle in Switzerland.

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frankenstein

Frankenstein

Introduction

publication
Publication
  • - published in 1818
  • - although a perfect example of the Gothic tradition, it is also considered to be the first science fiction novel
  • - it was originated during a contest between friends
the inner circle in switzerland
The inner circle in Switzerland
  • - among the four friends in attendance during a cold summer, it was decided to write a horror story
  • - the four friends were the famous poets Percy Shelley and Lord Byron, Mary Shelley (Percy’s wife), and Dr. Polidori
  • - Dr. Polidori’s idea was taken by Bram Stoker who developed it into Dracula
inspirations
Inspirations
  • Science:

-1. Erasmus Darwin’s experiments to create life from inanimate matter

-2. Luigi Galvani’s experiments with using electric stimuli to cause muscle contractions

inspirations cont
Inspirations (cont.)
  • Literature:
    • -1. Milton’s Paradise Lost – an epic poem about Adam and Even and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden
    • -2. Percy Shelley’s Prometheus Unbound – A Titan who stole fire from heaven for Man. The original title for Mary’s novel was Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus
the gothic tradition
The Gothic tradition
  • - a gothic novel is characterized by an emphasis on the grotesque elements, the mysterious; desolate environments, horrible events, and ghostly and eerie situations
differences between a typical gothic novel and shelley s novel
Differences between a typical Gothic novel and Shelley’s novel
  • 1) Gothic 2) Frankenstein
    • - Middle Ages - 1700’s
    • - castles - laboratories
    • - high-born - scientist
philosophical contrasts
Philosophical contrasts
  • Rationalism vs. Romanticism
  • - emotional - emotional
  • detachment expression
  • - nature’s usefulness - nature’s beauty
  • - importance of the - individual spirit
  • community
  • - logic - imagination/ creativity
theme subjects
Theme Subjects
  • - Dangerous knowledge
  • - Nature’s influence and expression of emotional states
  • - The danger of secrecy
symbols
Symbols
  • - light & fire
structure
Structure
  • - first person narrator – gives an air of verisimilitude (the appearance of truth) so that the reader can suspend disbelief
  • - frame story – a story is told within a narrative setting, or “frame” (a story within a story); begins with the letters from Captain Walton to his sister, Margaret (the original book began at Chapter 5)