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Architectural Design. Click on me to get started!. Mrs. Bess Technology Design & Applications. We will be exploring the features that make up the inside of a house. Just click on the door to enter!. Click on the area of the house that you want to explore. Living Area

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Architectural Design

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    1. Architectural Design Click on me to get started! Mrs. Bess Technology Design & Applications

    2. We will be exploring the features that make up the inside of a house. Just click on the door to enter!

    3. Click on the area of the house that you want to explore. Living Area Service Area (Kitchen) Sleeping Area General Service Area Hmmm… am I hungry? Sleepy? I can’t decide! When you have completed all four sections, click here.

    4. You chose kitchen (you must be hungry!) YUM YUM YUM!!!

    5. Kitchen Kitchens serve three functions: • Storage and preparation • Cooking • Cleanup Click on each link above to find out more about these functions

    6. Storage and Preparation The major appliance for storage and preparation is the refrigerator. Cabinets are used to store utensils and ingredients. Countertops are used for preparing food. Return to Menu I’ve seen all three functions

    7. Cooking The major appliances for cooking are the range, microwave oven, and conventional oven. You should have storage space for minor appliances and cooking utensils. Return to Menu I’ve seen all three functions

    8. Clean-Up The sink is the major appliance of the clean-up area. Garbage disposal Dishwasher Trash compactor Cabinets for storing cleaning supplies. Return to Menu I’ve seen all three functions

    9. By drawing a line connecting the three centers of the kitchen, you form a triangle. This is known as the work triangle. Kitchens types are based on the arrangement of the work triangle. Click on the triangle to find out each of these kitchen types. Work Triangle Refrigerator Stove Sink

    10. U-Shaped Kitchen In a U-Shaped kitchen, counters are arranged in a “U” formation. One appliance is located on each side of the “U”. work_triangle.html Click on the triangle to continue

    11. Peninsula Kitchen The peninsula kitchen is similar to U shaped kitchen, except that one side of the kitchen is not a wall. Instead, it comes out of the wall like the peninsulas you probably learned about in Geography class (think of Florida). The peninsula can serve as a bar or as extra counter space. work_triangle.html Click on the triangle to continue

    12. L-Shaped Kitchen The L-Shaped kitchen is shaped like an “L”. Two centers are located on one wall, while the remaining appliance is located on the wall perpendicular to that wall. work_triangle.html Click on the triangle to continue

    13. Corridor Kitchen Corridor kitchens are excellent for long, narrow spaces. It works particularly well if there is limited space (such as in a small apartment). work_triangle.html Click on the triangle to continue

    14. One-Wall Kitchen The one-wall kitchen is another plan that is excellent for small spaces. Each center is located along the same wall. This does limit counter space is limited, which means the amount of storage and preparation space is also limited. work_triangle.html Click on the triangle to continue

    15. Island Kitchen • Has a separate, freestanding structure that is usually located in the center of the kitchen. Can contain a rangetop, sink, or be used as counter space or an eating area. work_triangle.html Click on the triangle to continue

    16. Which of the following is the maximum perimeter size of an efficient work triangle? A. 12’ B. 18’ C. 22’ D. 30’

    17. You answered 12’ I’m sorry, but 12’ is incorrect. However, an efficient work triangle should be no less than 12’ in perimeter. Go Back

    18. You answered 18’. I’m sorry, but 18’ is incorrect. Although 18’ is acceptable as an effective work triangle perimeter, it is not the maximum efficient perimeter. Go Back

    19. You answered 22’. Excellent work! The most efficient work triangles are no larger than 22’ in perimeter. Anything larger than this, and preparing a meal would be too much work! Continue

    20. You answered 30’. I’m sorry, but 30’ is incorrect. I’ll give you a hint – the correct answer is less than 30’. Go Back

    21. You chose “living area”

    22. Living Area The living area is often found on the first floor of a house. It is divided into different parts. Click on the icons below to find out more about the different parts of the living area. Click here when finished Living Room Dining Room

    23. Living Room • You should be able to access the living room from an outside entrance. • A small living room would be around 12’ x 18’. An average room would be 16’ x 20’. Anything over 20’ x 26’ would be considered large. Back

    24. Dining room • A dining room could be a separate room, or could be located in the kitchen. • It should be located near the kitchen to ease the transport of food from stove to table. • Size and shape should be determined by family size. Back

    25. Open/Closed Plans • There are two basic methods for arranging a living area: the “open plan” and the “closed plan”. Click the arrow to continue

    26. Open Plan • An open plan is a plan in which partitions do not completely divide the rooms within the living area (living room, kitchen, and dining room). Continue to “Closed Plan”

    27. Closed Plan • A room has a closed plan if the living area rooms are completely divided by walls or partitions. Click the arrow to continue

    28. Which of the following rooms are part of the living area? A. Home Office B. Recreation Room C. Media Room D. All of the above

    29. You chose “Home Office” Although the home office can be part of the living area, there are more rooms to be considered…keep trying. Go Back

    30. You chose “Recreation Room” Yes…the recreation room is sometimes part of the living area, but there are more rooms to be considered…keep trying. Go Back

    31. You chose “Media Room” You’re close…Although the home office can be part of the living area, there are more rooms to be considered…keep trying. Go Back

    32. You said “All of the Above” • Correct! Although you would have been correct answering any of the first three answers, a living area may include any of the following rooms: entertainment room, family room, home office, home theater, media room, recreation room, studio, or a study. Continue

    33. You chose “sleeping area” WAKE UP!!! …ZZZZZZ

    34. What is a “sleeping area”? A sleeping area is made up of more than just bedrooms. Bathrooms are also included in the sleeping area. Click on a room in the picture on the right that you would like check out first. When you have studied both rooms, click here to continue.

    35. Bedroom • Many houses are described by the number of bedrooms it contains (eg. 2-bedroom house, 3-bedroom house) • Three-bedroom homes are most common, as they will accommodate the average size family. Continue

    36. Size and Shape • The minimum size for a bedroom is 100 square feet • The average size of a bedroom may range from 100 square feet – 200 square feet • Anything over 200 square feet is considered large. Continue

    37. Location, location, location! • Bedrooms should be located in a quiet area of the house. • It is sometimes recommended that the master bedroom be located on another level of the house away from other bedrooms. Continue

    38. Click on the objects below to find out how to reduce noise in the sleeping area. When you have viewed each of these objects, click here.

    39. Lessen Street Noise The bedroom should be in the quiet part of the house, away from major street noise Back

    40. Closets Air is a good insulator. Therefore, closets can be located to buffer sound between rooms. Back

    41. Curtains Floor to ceiling curtains can help reduce noise from the outside. Back

    42. Acoustical Tile Acoustical tile in the ceiling is effective in reducing noise. Back

    43. Trees and Shrubbery Trees and shrubbery near the bedroom help absorb outside noise. Back

    44. Glass The use of double glazed insulating glass for windows and sliding doors helps reduce outside noise. Back

    45. Bathroom • Bathrooms must be designed carefully to accommodate plumbing and various fixtures. • Fixtures may include: lavatory (sink), toilet, and bathtub and/or shower. Continue

    46. Click on each bathroom fixture to find out more about it. I’ve looked at all three fixtures and I’m ready to move on…

    47. Toilet • Requires a minimum of 18” from the center to a side wall or other fixtures. • If possible, the toilet should not be visible when the bathroom door is open. Back to Menu

    48. Lavatory • Lavatory is another term for the bathroom sink. • Available in a wide variety of colors, sizes and styles. • Comfortable height for most people is between 34” and 36”. Back to Menu

    49. Bathtub/Shower • Most small-average sized bathtubs contain a shower head mounted on the wall. • A separate shower stall can be used instead of a bathtub. Back to Menu

    50. Clearances Bathrooms should be designed with the following fixture placements in mind: • At least 24” of space in front of the toilet. • At least 20” of space between the center of the sink and the wall • At least 30” between the front of the sink and another fixture • At least 18” between the center of the toilet and the wall or another fixture Continue