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NCHRP 20-83 Long-Range Strategic Issues Facing the Transportation Industry. NCHRP 20-83 Long-Range Strategic Issues Facing the Transportation Industry. An Update Crawford Jencks ------------------- July 2011 RAC Meeting. Seven — $1.0 Million Projects. Freight and the economy

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Nchrp 20 83 long range strategic issues facing the transportation industry

NCHRP 20-83Long-Range Strategic Issues Facing the Transportation Industry

NCHRP 20-83Long-Range Strategic Issues Facing the Transportation Industry

An Update

Crawford Jencks


July 2011 RAC Meeting

Seven 1 0 million projects
Seven — $1.0 Million Projects

  • Freight and the economy

    MIT/Christopher Caplice

  • Technologies and system performance

    RAND Corporation/Steven Popper

  • Preservation, maintenance, and renewal

    Texas A&M Research Foundation/Stuart Anderson

  • Energy supplies and alternative fuels

    RAND Corporation/Paul Sorenson

  • Climate change

    PB Americas/Michael Meyer

  • Socio-demographics and travel demand

    NuStats/Johanna Zmud

  • Sustainability systems and organizing principles

    Booz Allen Hamilton/John Wiegmann

Project 20 83 long term strategic issues why
Project 20-83 Long-Term Strategic IssuesWHY?

  • The transportation industry faces challenges today, AND it will face new and emerging challenges decades from now that may reshape transportation priorities and needs.

  • DOTs must be prepared to anticipate the implications of the future.

  • Targeted research is needed to focus on these long-term strategic issues—lessen the “surprise factor.”

Overall concept 20 83 series
Overall Concept20-83 Series

  • Avoid being constrained by the present

  • Project outward 30-50 years

  • Create possible, representative future “what-if” scenarios

  • Determine factors influencing scenarios

  • Provide guidance on monitoring those factors and assessing the results: Is change occurring?

  • Offer strategies to state DOTs to adapt, mitigate, or revise change

    —Be proactive rather than reactive—

Program Goal No. 1: Anticipate the future issues so that we are better prepared to meet new and emerging challenges.

Program Goal No. 2: Explore visions of what the future should look like, so that we can help shape the future through our decision making.


Nchrp 20 83 01

NCHRP 20-83 (01)

Economic Changes Driving Future Freight Transportation

Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Christopher Caplice

Provide decision makers with a critical analysis of the driving forces behind high-impact economic changes and business sourcing patterns that may affect the U.S. freight transportation system.

To be completed: December 2011

Nchrp 20 83 02

NCHRP 20-83 (02)

Expediting Future Technologies for Enhancing Transportation System Performance

RAND Corporation/Steven Popper

Develop a process that transportation agencies can use to identify, assess, shape, and adopt new and emerging technologies to achieve long-term system performance objectives. 

To b e completed: June 2012


  • Practical framework for transportation professionals to think more effectively about technology.

  • Tools to assist in technology assessment.

  • Guidelines for agency use of the assessment results.

  • Case study of bridge inspection technologies.

Nchrp 20 83 03

NCHRP 20-83 (03)

Long –Range Strategic Issues Affecting Preservation, Maintenance, and Renewal of Highway Infrastructure

Texas A&M Research Foundation/Stuart Anderson

Guidance for transportation stakeholders on emerging materials, tools, approaches, and technologies that could be used to deal with long-range (30 to 50 years) highway infrastructure maintenance, preservation, and renewal needs and ensure satisfactory system condition and performance.

To be completed: June 2013

Phase i key results
Phase I Key Results

  • Identified 67 scenario drivers for 13 technical areas

  • Developed 78 scenarios for 13 technical areas (six per area based on negative, mid-range, and positive worlds)

  • Aggregated 67 into 13 critical drivers

    • Climate Change

    • Economic Growth

    • Priority on Environmental Quality

    • Funding

    • Government Role

    • Mobility

    • Population Density

    • Public Commitment to Sustainability

    • Resources/Energy

    • Road Freight

    • Security

    • Technology/Innovation

    • Transportation Choices/Complexity

Phase i results
Phase I Results

  • Critical Scenario Driver Impact – Examples

    • Economic Growth

      • Expected Future: Some positive change with slow growth rate

      • Alternative Future: Constant and flat or some negative change and a declining growth rate

    • Public Commitment to Sustainability

      • Expected Future: More commitment with slow rate of commitment

      • Alternative Future: Less commitment with even slower rate of commitment

  • Final Scenarios – Multi-driver based and not Linear (under development)

Nchrp 20 83 04

NCHRP 20-83 (04)

Effects of Changing Transportation Energy Supplies and Alternative Sources on Transportation

RAND Corporation/Paul Sorenson

  • Determine how the mandate, role, funding, and operations of DOTs will likely be affected by future changes in long-term energy supply and demand

  • Identify strategies and actions that can be used by the DOTs to plan and prepare for these effects. 

  • To be completed: June 2012

Nchrp 20 83 05

NCHRP 20-83 (05)

Synthesize the current state of worldwide knowledge regarding the probable range of impacts of climate change for the period 2030-2050

Recommend institutional arrangements, tools, approaches, and strategies that state departments of transportation (DOTs) can use during system planning, design, construction, operations, and maintenance to adapt infrastructure and operations to these impacts and lessen their effects.

To be completed: March 2012

Climate Change and the Highway System: Impacts and Adaptation Approaches

PB Americas/Michael Meyer

Preliminary U.S. Climate Changes: 2010-2050

Average Annual Temperature: Lower 48, +4°F;

Upper Midwest, +5-6°F; Coastal Regions, +2-3°F;

Alaska, +6-7°F

U.S. Winter Temperatures: Less than average annual change but magnitude uncertain.

U.S. Summer Temperatures: Greater than average annual change but magnitude uncertain.

Annual Precipitation: Wetter in the eastern U.S.; drier in the west, south-central, deep south, and Florida; much wetter in Alaska.

Sea Level Rise (intermediate model): Average, 6.4±3.5 inches; maximum, 16.8 inches (LA); minimum, -5.6 inches (AK).

Extreme Events: Decrease of 1-3 weeks of days below freezing; increase in north of days with >0.4 inches of rainfall.


Nchrp 20 83 06

NCHRP 20-83 (06)

Effects of Socio-Demographics on Travel Demand

NuStats/Johanna Zmud

Determine how socio-demographic factors are likely to affect travel demand over the next 30 to 50 years and to identify strategies and actions that can be used by policymakers in state and local transportation and planning agencies to plan and prepare for alternative future scenarios.

To be completed: March 2012

1st interim report identified key drivers …


  • Population Size and Growth

  • Geo-Demographics of Population Size and Growth

  • Household Structure and Composition

  • Household-Based Economic Activity

  • Cultural and Social Diversity

    Macro Level:

  • External Factors Intertwined with Socio-Demographics

  • External Factors that Impact Scenario Analysis

Phase 3 Technical Memo examined 4 broad scenarios:

  • Momentum – gradual changes without radical shifts

  • Technology Triumphs – technology solves all problems

  • Global Chaos – collapse in globalism and sustainability

  • Gentle Footprint – widespread shift to low-impact living

    Key assumptions and indicators will be identified for each scenario.

    Future tasks will model how DOTs can predict, influence, and adapt to these scenarios.

Nchrp 20 83 07

NCHRP 20-83 (07)

Sustainable Transportation Systems and Sustainability as an Organizing Principle for Transportation Agencies

Booz Allen Hamilton/John Wiegmann

Provide a framework for transportation agencies to use to identify and understand the future trends and external forces that will increasingly put pressure on their ability to carry out their responsibilities to (1) meet society’s evolving demand for transportation services and (2) meet society’s emerging need to operate on a more sustainable basis. 

To be completed: September 2012

Nchrp 20 83a

NCHRP 20-83A

December 2010 Workshop

& Supplemental Scan of Scientific and Technological Advances

  • Workshop held Dec. 8-9, 2010

    • SCOR

    • Principal Investigators

    • Panel Chairs

  • PIs presented research approaches and summarized early work efforts

  • Discussion of potential NCHRP 20-83 topics

    • No new topics selected

  • Workshop report available at:

Nchrp 20 83b

NCHRP 20-83B

Communication Plan and Presentation Materials

  • SCOR anticipates a need for a communication plan to identify the most effective methods and venues for disseminating this information. The requested funding of $500,000 will enable the development and implementation of a communications plan for the entire series of projects. SCOR requested a detailed scope of work be presented for review at their Fall 2011 meeting.

Thank you

Thank you!

Crawford Jencks

Deputy Director, Cooperative Research Programs

Transportation Research Board

[email protected]


Thoughts about the future
Thoughts about the Future

When it comes to the future, there are three kinds of people: those who let it happen, those who make it happen, and those who wonder what happened. John M. Richardson, Jr., American University

In times of change, learners inherit the Earth, while the learned find themselves beautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists. Eric Hoffer, American writer 1902-1983

If you don’t like change, you’re going to like irrelevance even less. General Eric Shinseki, retired Chief of Staff, U.S. Army