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Unit 3: The Byzantine Empire. The new empire in the East. Geography. Constantinople Location The Bosporus strait Trade Defense Walls Moat Peninsula. Geography and natural defenses. The West Language Latin Legal system Religion Education Economy Lifestyle Art/Architecture.

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Unit 3 the byzantine empire
Unit 3: The Byzantine Empire

  • The new empire in the East


Geography
Geography

  • Constantinople

  • Location

    • The Bosporus strait

    • Trade

  • Defense

    • Walls

    • Moat

    • Peninsula



Latin west vs the byzantine east

The West

Language

Latin

Legal system

Religion

Education

Economy

Lifestyle

Art/Architecture

The East

Language

Greek

Legal system

Religion

Education

Economy

Lifestyle

Art/Architecture

Latin West vs. the Byzantine East


Economy and politics
Economy and Politics

  • Byzantine Prosperity

    • Trade (silk)

    • Art (mosaics)

    • Weapons (Greek Fire)

  • The Relationship between church and state

    • East (Bishop chosen by Emperor)

    • West (Pope chooses HRE)


The split between east and west
The Split between East and West

  • Christianity

    • Language

    • Ceremonies / Holy days

    • Filioque statement

    • Iconoclasm

    • Married clergy

    • “One God, one Emperor, one religion

  • The Schism of 1054

    • Eastern Orthodox Church


Justinian and theodora 527 565
Justinian and Theodora (527-565)

  • Justinian's Code

  • Theodora (wife)

  • The Hagia Sophia

  • Conquest of the West

    • The Stirrup




The byzantine empire besieged
The Byzantine Empire Besieged

  • By 631 had lost back all of the land in the West

    • Why?

  • The Emergence of Islam

    • 717 Muslim Navy repelled by Greek Fire

  • Slavs in the Balkans in the 11th Century



The decline of the byzantine empire
The Decline of the Byzantine Empire

  • Military never great (diplomacy now less effective)

  • 1071 The Battle of Manzikert (Seljuk Turks)

    • Wiped out the Byzantine army

  • 1204: 4th Crusade took Constantinople

  • 1453: Ottoman Turks

    • Memhed II


The steppe
The Steppe

  • Dry grassland from Manchuria to Hungry

  • Western Steppe

    • Central Asia to Europe

  • Eastern Steppe

    • Present-day Mongolia

  • Little rain

  • Dry wind that supports rugged type of grass


Nomadic way of life
Nomadic Way of Life

  • Pastoralist

  • Constantly on the move looking for new areas to graze

  • Nomads don’t aimlessly wander, they followed a seasonal pattern.

  • Battles often erupted over the land

  • Clans

    • Family groups


Temujin
Temujin

  • Born into legend

  • Father was killed when he was 9

    • Mother raised the family in poverty.

  • Revenge (Tatars)

  • 1200 A.D.

    • Temujin brought the clans together as one group

  • “Universal Leader”

    • Genghis Khan (1206)

    • Led the Mongols in conquering much of Asia


Genghis the conqueror
Genghis the Conqueror

  • Brilliant organizer

  • Gifted strategist

    • Used tricks to decisive his enemies

      • Fake retreat

  • Adopted new weapons and strategies

    • Horse

    • Bow

  • Used cruelty as a weapon

    • Psychological warfare

    • One of the first people to use terrorism


The mongol empire
The Mongol Empire

  • After the death of Genghis Kahn his territory was divided by his heirs

    • Khanates

  • Kublai Kahn began the Yuan Dynasty of China

    • Defeated in 1368 by the Ming Dynasty