Perceived Control & Wellbeing. Sue Chambers, Jackie Hollway, Emma-Rose Parsons & Clea Wallage. Subjective Wellbeing (SWB). Key question measuring general life satisfaction:. Related to domains in personal life
Perceived Control & Wellbeing Sue Chambers, Jackie Hollway, Emma-Rose Parsons & Clea Wallage School of Psychology, Deakin University
Subjective Wellbeing (SWB) Key question measuring general life satisfaction: Related to domains in personal life Standard of living, health, achievement, personal relationships, safety, community belonging, future security
Normal Distribution of SWB Prediction Positive cognitive biases work to maintain SWB in 70-80 band.
Homeostatic Model Prediction: Normally cognitive biases maintain positive SWB. Otherwise defeat
Other domains of life • National: economy, environment, social conditions, government, business, security • Neighbourhood: trust, participation, goals, security, environment, public resources, sharing • Contribution to SWB?
SWB & Domains Prediction Positive cognitive biases used to maintain SWB more relevant to personal than > distal domains of neighbourhood & nation
Cognitive biases • Self-esteem, perceived control & optimism • Perceived Control • Primary: active strategy to change external situation • Secondary: active strategy to modify relevant cognitions • Relinquished: loss of control: no adaptive strategy
Predictions • SWB in normal band: primary & secondary control strategies operating • SWB in low band: Primary & secondary control defeat: relinquished control • Personal wellbeing > predictor of SWB than Neighbourhood or National wellbeing
Method Participants: 578 adults from Australian Unity Wellbeing sample Procedure: Completed 63 item questionnaire, returned by post. Measures • General life satisfaction question (SWB) • Wellbeing scales: personal, neighbourhood & national (alphas >.80) • Perceived Control scales: primary, secondary, relinquished • Group: SWB scores <70 (G1)70-80 (G2) >80 (G3)
Results Group wellbeing means 1 2 3 Personal 54.6 73.6 83.7 Neighbourhood 53.4 64.9 72.7 National 49.9 60.4 65.3
Conclusions • Homeostasis model supported & useful • Control strategies differ with SBW level • Useful approach for interventions • Distal-proximal model of relation of domains to SWB supported. General-specific aspect: further analysis • Scales offer reliable & valid measures for further research examining perceived control & SWB in conjunction with self-esteem & optimism & varying challenging contexts