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Anti-Domestic Violence This article was provided by Tracey Swanberg, the manager of NSWC (North Shore Women Centre)
Prevalence of Family Violence (i) • One NZ woman in three has experienced physical or sexual abuse in their lifetime (Fanslow 2004). • Family Violence is estimated to cost New Zealand between $1.187 billion and $5.302 billion annually. • Men assaulting their female partners comprise between 85% and 98% of family violence related arrests. One in five men report physically assaulting their female partner in the previous 12 month period (e.g. pushing her, hitting her, slapping her) (Leibrich 1996).
Prevalence of Family Violence (ii-CYF) • 49,682 family violence related incidents were recorded by the Police in 2003, involving approximately 55,000 children. • For the fiscal year 2002/03 there were more than 7000 substantiated cases of child abuse investigated by CYF (CYF 2003). • Between 4-10% of New Zealand children experience harsh or severe physical punishment (Fergusson 1997, Maxwell 1996), and approximately 22% of New Zealand girls and 10% of New Zealand boys have experienced sexual abuse (Anderson 1993, Youth 2000). • Thirty three percent of family violence related murder are of children (NZ Police 2001).
Definition of Family Violence • Domestic Violence consists of: • Patterns and behaviours which are identifiable and consistent with one person or family member gaining or maintaining control over another. • Physical, sexual, emotional, psychological and/or verbal abuse. This includes intimidation, harassment, threats, mind games, financial abuse, damage to property, throwing objects and restricting personal freedom.
Definition of Family Violences3 Domestic Violence Act 1995 • “Violence” means: physical, sexual, and psychological abuse. This includes intimidation, harassment, damage to property, or threats of physical, sexual, or psychological abuse. • A person psychologically abuses a child if the violent person causes or allows the child to see or hear the physical, sexual, or psychological abuse of a person with whom the child has a domestic relationship. The adult victim is not blamed if the child witnesses their abuse • A single act may amount to abuse. A number of acts that form part of a pattern of behaviour may amount to abuse, even though some or all of those acts, when viewed in isolation, may appear to be minor or trivial. From MSD FVIP presentation, June 2005
Myths and Realities about Violence and Partner Abuse • Alcohol is a cause of Domestic Violence. • Violence occurs most commonly in low socio-economic families. • People who use domestic violence have an anger management problem. • Women are just as violent as men
The Intentions & Purposes of Violence There are many contributing factors to actions that are violent and/or abusive: anger, frustration, stress, alcohol, drugs, hostility and abuse from other people, etc. Although these may be contributing factors to the use of violence, we believe that behind every act at violence and abuse there is an intention, or a purpose. We believe that when we are abusive or violent we are acting from a choice, that we are choosing to do something that we think will get us what we want, even though we may feel that we are “out of control”. We believe that there are only three basic purposes or intentions of violence. 1: To make someone do something. 2: To stop someone from doing something. 3: Toretaliate or to punish someone for doing or not doing something.
Safer Families Foundation North Harbour Living Without Violence Collective Power and Control Wheel
Cycle of Violence http://www.ocalynchburg.com/domestic_violence/what_is_dv.htm
Why Women Stay • Loss of hopes and dreams • Investment in Relationship • Feelings of Helplessness, Tiredness, Exhaustion (“Totally Overwhelmed”) • Loss of lifestyle, status and income • Loss of Self-esteem/Confidence • Lack of Physical Resources (housing, money, schooling etc) • Isolation from friends, family, community • Perpetrators promise to change • Conflict with Religious, cultural and/or spiritual values and beliefs • Fear of ongoing stalking, harassment, etc • Fear of being killed • Fear of emotional impact on children (“Children need two parents”) • Difficulties of sole parenting • Fear of losing residency • Language barriers
Screening-What is a Success? • The client trusting you and not feeling blamed • She felt supported and empowered • She knows there are support agencies available and that she has choices • She knows you were non-judgmental of her situation
Safety Plans Partner Abuse is often a cycle and gets worse in time if nothing is done to stop it; steps can be taken to be safe: A Safety Plan may include: -A Safe place to go -A Protection Order -House/Cars/Keys -Phone numbers/addresses of friends, doctor, lawyer -Money -Transport -Identifying Papers
Basic Information about Protection Orders • Protection Orders are issued by the Family Court. Breaches are an arrestable offence, prosecuted in the Criminal Court. • Two parts to a Protection Order- non violence conditions and non contact conditions. • Where an adult has an order the children are also covered • A representative may apply for an order for a child in their own name • A temporary protection order can be obtained urgently- the same day if necessary • A woman with a Protection Order can live with her partner, and the non violence conditions will still apply. She may reinstate non-contact any time she wishes if she feels unsafe. • Occupation, Tenancy and/or Furniture Orders may also be obtained • An order may or may not help keep a woman safe. She will know best how her partner may respond. From MSD FVIP presentation, June 2005
What do Women Need to be Able to Leave? • To be believed • To understand abuse is not their fault and they cannot control another person’s behaviour • Practical supports: money, housing, transport, childcare, etc. From MSD FVIP presentation, June 2005
Entitlement vs Responsibility • Basic Task Men’s Programmes: • Decrease entitlement, Increase responsibility • Basic Task Women’s Programmes: • Increase entitlement, Decrease responsibility