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Liminal Action in Indigenous People and Constellations. Entering the field.

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Presentation Transcript
entering the field
Entering the field
  • In Family & Systemic Constellations we enter the field in unique moments where the right clients, representatives, witnesses, elements and facilitators bring forth something that wants to be seen in a singular event.
  • Never repeated.
entering the field for ritual
Entering the field for ritual
  • Indigenous peoples enter the field on a regular basis for ceremony, ritual, and initiation.
  • The challenge for these cultures is how to have a number of people, if not the entire group enter the field together, how to enter specific places/experiences in the field with regularity and predictability and how to use these experiences in the field to support a living, vibrant culture and society.
slide4

Initiation ceremony for the new Maasai warriors.

http://lionguardians.wildlifedirect.org

what is liminality
What is liminality?
  • Liminality describes a state of being when individual enter a field that is outside of normal space and time. These individuals are are betwixt and between the normal roles, behaviors and positions assigned by law, custom and convention.
what is liminality1
What is liminality?
  • Their ambiguous attributes are expressed by a rich variety of symbols in the many societies that ritualize social and cultural transitions.
the idea of liminality
The idea of liminality
  • The idea of liminality was first introduced to the field of anthropology in 1909 by Arnold Van Gennep in his work, Les rites de passage as a three-part structure:
  • Separation - liminal period - Re-assimilation
slide8

Young man of the Hamer tribe, a tribal people in southwestern Ethiopia

Istockphoto.com

characteristics of liminality
Characteristics of Liminality

accept pain

androgynous

anonymity

equality

foolish

heteronomy

homogeneity

humility

nakedness

without status

obedience

sacredness

abstinence

silence

simplicity

stateless

totality

transition

uniformity

unselfish

mystery

paradox

ambiguity

cosmic

the idea of liminality1
The idea of liminality
  • Victor Turner, cultural anthropologist, first introduced his interpretation of liminality in 1967.
social and cultural transitions
Social and cultural transitions
  • In many rituals such as rites of passage, coming-of-age rituals and marriage, liminal individuals are reduced or ground down to be fashioned anew, endowed with new powers to cope with their new station in life.
  • Submerged into the essence of a culture’s soul.
death and rebirth
Death and Rebirth

Bugisu of Uganda circumcision ritual

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/worldnews/3152733/Circumcision-ceremony-in-eastern-Uganda.html?image=5

realm of pure possibility
Realm of Pure Possibility
  • Liminality shows up in some form in every society.
  • Liminal areas of time and space—rituals, carnivals, dramas, and latterly films—are open to the play of thought, feeling, and will….
realm of pure possibility1
Realm of Pure Possibility
  • …. in them are generated new models, often fantastic, some of which may have sufficient power remake the structural world.
slide15

Australian Aborigines Woggan-ma-gule Ceremony

http://www.abc.net.au/news/photos/2010/01/26/2801345.htm?site=sydney

slide16

Australian Aborigines Woggan-ma-gule Ceremony

http://www.abc.net.au/news/photos/2010/01/26/2801345.htm?site=sydney

liminal symbols
Liminal symbols
  • Liminal symbols help the group to experience the field in a “language of shared meaning and experience”
  • Liminal symbols are dense, rich and evoking
  • They are archetypal
  • Multiple arrangements of liminal symbols produce complex meaning (multivocal)
liminal symbols and color
Liminal Symbols and Color

Black

Darkness

Death

Sickness

Despair

Sorrow

Mourning

Underworld

Evil

Witchcraft

White

Light

Sun

Death

Birth

New

Purity

Surrender

Goodness

Resurrection

Health

Red

Sun

Masculinity

Fire

Passion

Energy

Blood

War

Danger

Aggressiveness

Yellow: death, betrayal, optimism, idealism, imagination, hope, sunshine, day, dawn, cowardice, jealousy, deceit, illness, hazard

slide19

Northwest Coast Tsimshian circa 1825

https://plus.google.com/105956661266411189618/posts/GJMop38nbfT

slide20

Amazonian Indians inhabiting the Xingu River basin

http://guity-novin.blogspot.com/2012/01/chapter-51-art-of-of-body-painting.html

slide21

Juan Pueblo, Deer Dance in New Mexico

http://placephotography.photoshelter.com/image/I0000IYSNPwnlplw

liminal boundaries
Liminal Boundaries
  • Indigenous cultures take great care to keep liminality separate from the everyday world.
  • The symbols of liminality help to maintain the separation from the chaotic, fluid and inverted behaviors that could be a hazard to social structure, roles and status.
slide23

Kikuyu People of Kenya

Kikuyu People of Kenya

photo by Retlaw Snellac on Flickr

images of liminality
Images of Liminality

Kikuyu People of Kenya

photo by Retlaw Snellac on Flickr

slide25

In the southern Indian city of Kochi a Theyyam dancer waits to perform during festivities marking the start of the annual harvest festival of "Onam" .

http://guity-novin.blogspot.com/2012/01/chapter-51-art-of-of-body-painting.html

liminality in indigenous cultures and constellations
Liminality in indigenous cultures and constellations
  • Soul experience of life on a larger landscape with movements, stances dances and images
  • Different sense of proportion/space/time and meaning
  • Weight and dignity
slide27

The Turkana live in northern Kenya around Lake Turkana

http://guity-novin.blogspot.com/2012/01/chapter-51-art-of-of-body-painting.html

slide28

The Turkana live in northern Kenya around Lake Turkana

http://guity-novin.blogspot.com/2012/01/chapter-51-art-of-of-body-painting.html

slide29

The Turkana live in northern Kenya around Lake Turkana

http://guity-novin.blogspot.com/2012/01/chapter-51-art-of-of-body-painting.html

slide30

Asaro Mudmen of Papua New Guinea

http://www.theguardian.com/world/picture/2012/nov/04/papua-new-guinea-prince-charles#zoomed-picture

slide31

Huli man from Southern Highlands, Papua New Guinea.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_peoples

structure vs anti structure
Structure vs. Anti-structure
  • According to Victor Turner, the rules, norms, statuses, codes and behaviors which comprise everyday life, make up , the structural portion of human existence.
structure vs anti structure1
Structure vs. Anti-structure
  • Against structure Turner sees anti-structure, a place that all societies create to temporarily drop the normative ways of life and enter the land of possibilities and pure feeling, a place where societies can express themselves without the usual constraints.
slide34

Bijago man wearing the mask after his initiation

(From the island of Orango Grande, in the Bijagos Archipelago, off the coast of Guinea Bissau)

http://kwekudee-tripdownmemorylane.blogspot.com/2012/12/bijago-people-guinea-bissau-african.html

liminality is revitalizing
Liminality is Revitalizing
  • According to Turner this dialectic process is indispensable for any society because no society can function adequately without it.
  • It is the way that societies can adapt, change and renew their essential qualities.
a dialectic of social action
A dialectic of social action
  • Structure and Anti-Structure oscillate back and forth much like Yin and Yang.
we need liminality
We need liminality
  • The pull of liminalty is strong within us in the same way that the orders of love influence our thoughts, emotions and behaviors. It is instinctual, hard wired.
liminality as pilgrimages
Liminality as pilgrimages

Muslims on hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia

http://bigstory.ap.org/article/hajj-begins-muslims-seek-erasing-past-sins

liminality in religion
Liminality in religion

Alessandro Bianchi/Reuters

liminality in social groups
Liminality in Social Groups

http://grind365.com/news/true-crime/gangland-a-look-inside-germanys-biker-wars/

liminality in film
Liminality in Film

http://bitchinfilmreviews.com/the-matrix-on-blu-ray/

liminal process and constellations
Liminal process and Constellations
  • What happens when the renewal of liminal process is missing?
  • Does the flow of love require the oscillation between structure and anti-structure?
  • What if the degree of entanglements found in family system are heightened when the family does not move regularly together into the field?
  • Does a lack of liminal oscillation create more pathology?
slide45

Barry Krost, MA, NCTMB

Family & Systemic Constellations Facilitator

Bodywork & Energy Healer

312-288-6139

healingfamilyconstellations.com