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Developmentally Appropriate Practices - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Developmentally Appropriate Practices. Five Guidelines For Developmentally Appropriate Practices. 1. Creating a Caring Community of Learners. 5. Establishing Reciprocal Relationships with Families. 2. Teaching to enhance development and learning.

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Presentation Transcript
slide3

1. Creating a Caring Community of Learners

5. Establishing Reciprocal Relationships with Families

2. Teaching to enhance development and learning

4. Assessing Children’s Learning and Development

3. Constructing Appropriate Curriculum

slide5

Assessing Children’s Learning and

Development

  • Assessment is ongoing, strategic, and purposeful.

DAP Example:

Teachers use observational assessment of children’s progress, examination of children’s work samples, and documentation of their development and learning to plan curriculum.

DIP Example:

Children’s progress is measured by how well they conform to rigid expectations and perform on standardized tests.

slide6

Assessing Children’s Learning and

Development

  • Content of assessment reflects progress toward important developmental goals

DAP Example:

Results of assessment are used to improve and individualize instruction.

DIP Example:

Teachers “teach to the test” to ensure higher scores.

slide7

Assessing Children’s Learning and

Development

  • The methods of assessment are appropriate to the age and experiences of young children.

DAP Example:

A child’s progress is reported in comparison to his or her own previous performance, and parents are given general information about how the child compares to age-related expectations.

DIP Example:

Teachers report children’s progress only in letter or numerical grades. Emphasis is placed upon comparing children with each other.

slide8

Assessing Children’s Learning and

Development

  • Assessment allows for individual variation in learners as well as different rates of learning.

DAP Example:

Because children advance through sequential curriculum at different paces, they can progress in all areas as they acquire competence.

DIP Example:

Children repeat a grade or are placed in a special “transition” grade if they have not mastered the expected reading and math skills.

slide9

Assessing Children’s Learning and

Development

  • Decisions are based upon multiple experiences, not just a one time assessment.

DAP Example:

Teachers use a combination of assessment strategies to see where the child is at in a particular skill.

DIP Example:

The child is given one opportunity to perform a certain task or is given one test. Assessment is based upon this one outcome.

slide10

Assessing Children’s Learning and

Development

  • Assessment not only looks at what the child can do alone, but also with assistance.

DAP Example:

Children who fall behind receive individualized support, such as tutoring, personal instruction, focused time on areas of difficulty, and other strategies to accelerate learning progress.

DIP Example:

Teachers do not look at other opportunities to enhance the child’s growth and development. They do not even attempt to discuss outside support from the parents.

slide11

Class Activity for Assessing Children’s Development and Learning

File Folder Games

  • File Folder Game
  • Pick one of the file folder game packets provided and put together your own game.