Chapter 2 Review. What was the MAIN reason the Spanish Crown established the encomienda system?. A to reward settlers for bringing the Crown so much wealth B to entice settlers to convert the local people to Christianity C to give the settlers an incentive to practice slavery
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What was the MAIN reason the Spanish Crown established the encomienda system? A to reward settlers for bringing the Crown so much wealth B to entice settlers to convert the local people to Christianity C to give the settlers an incentive to practice slavery D to ensure settlers’ land remained the property of the Crown
Who discovered the Western sea-route to Asia? A Amerigo Vespucci B Ferdinand Magellan C Vasco Núñez de Balboa D Giovanni da Verrazano
Which Spaniard led the downfall of the Incan Empire? A Hernando de Soto B Francisco Pizarro C Juan Ponce de Léon D Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
Which of the following documents gave settlers permission to start a colony? A a deed B a title C a lease D a charter
Which of the following was a MAJOR advantage that Hernándo Cortés’ men had over the Aztec warriors? A They had control of the capital city. B They had light body armor to protect themselves. C They had boots on their feet rather than sandals. D They had guns rather than bows and arrows.
The Columbian Exchange had deadly effects, such as A bringing the bubonic plague and the Black Death to Florence. B spreading measles, smallpox, and typhus throughout Europe. C infecting American Indians with new and deadly diseases. D robbing American Indians of corn, tomatoes, tobacco, and cocoa.
Which of the following helped the Spanish defeat the Inca? A They attacked the people on horseback. B They cut off supplies of food and water. C They killed the Incan rulers. D They burned the capital.
Spain’s actions against England’s Queen Elizabeth I showed that its religious allegiance was to which of the following groups? A Catholic Church B Anglican Church C Huguenots. D Protestants
Why did the Spanish start shipping and bringing enslaved Africans to their colony New Spain in the Americas after 1510? A They knew they could resell the slaves at a profit. B They were forced to do so by a decree from the Spanish Crown. C They had exhausted the local population of American Indian slaves. D They started farming large plantations and needed more workers.
C They had exhausted the local population of American Indian slaves.
What was the first settlement that the Vikings founded in the North Atlantic? A Greenland B Newfoundland C Alaska D Iceland
Who began a school of navigation to help teach sailors better methods of sailing, even though he wasn’t really a sailor? A Christopher Columbus B Prince Henry C King Ferdinand D Leif Eriksson
Which of the following Vikings accidently led their first expedition to the North American continent, because they were blown off course? A Erik the Red B Leif Eriksson C Alaric the Terrible D Brett Farve
Which Portuguese explorer led an expedition down the western coast of Africa and continued on around the southern tip to Calicut, India in July 1497? A Vasco da Gama B Christopher Columbus C Ferdinand Magellan D Bartolomeu Dias
Which of the following was NOT one of the promises that Christopher Columbus promised the king and queen when he asked them to finance his journeys west? A new territories B people to convert to Catholicism C people to be used as slaves D great riches
Which of the following was the PRIMARY thing that Christopher Columbus was trying to accomplish on his journeys west? A trying to reach the Philippines by sailing West B trying to reach Asia by sailing West C trying to reach the Middle East by sailing West D trying to reach the America’s by sailing West
The Line of Demarcation was drawn up by Pope Alexander VI to establish where which two countries could settle what lands each and west of the Line of Demarcation? A France and Italy B Britain and Germany C Spain and Portugal D Russia and India
Since one of the two countries that were part of Pope Alexander VI’s Line of Demarcation thought that the other got an unfair advantage, these two nations agreed to which of the following deals that moved the line 800 miles to the west? A The Treaty of Greenville B The Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo C The Treaty of Tordesillas D The Treaty of San Juan Cordita
Which of the following explorers led a Spanish fleet to the Eastern coast of South America and realized that Christopher Columbus was incorrect about the lands he had reached being those of Asia and instead were new lands? A Ferdinand Magellan B Amerigo Vespucci C Vasco da Gama D Alvar Nunez de Balboa
Who was the Portuguese navigator that led the first expedition that ended up sailing all the way around the Earth by water? A Ferdinand Magellan B Christopher Columbus C Vasco da Gama D Hernando de Soto
What was the term for a transfer of goods, diseases, plants and animals from Europe to the Americas and back? A African Diaspora B Triangular Trade C Benengia Pangea D Columbian Exchange
Why did Montezuma and the Aztecs allow Hernando Cortes and his soldiers to come into their empire without fighting them? A He was very large, with a powerful voice that scared them B They thought he was a god that had been predicted to arrive C He had large cannons and guns that scared them D He threatened to have them burned at the stake if they didn’t let him in
Which of the following was NOT a reason why the Aztec and Inca were defeated by the Spanish? A. Superior intelligence by the Spanish leaders B. Spanish alliances with the enemies of the Aztec and Inca C. Spanish steel armor and superior weapons such as guns D. the bringing of European diseases such as smallpox that they were not immune
Which of the following was NOT an effect of the Spanish victory over the Aztecs and the Inca? A A reduced Native American population from battles and diseases B The transfer of goods called the Columbian Exchange C Greater respect for the Aztecs and the Inca since they had put up such a great fight D The Spanish rule of the Americas for years to come
C Greater respect for the Aztecs and the Inca since they had put up such a great fight
Who was the Spanish explorer that founded the area of Florida, and then spent many years searching for the Fountain of Youth? A Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca B Hernando de Soto C Christopher Columbus D Juan Ponce de Leon
How many tons of gold and silver did the Spanish fleets leave the Americas with robbing Native Americans of millions upon millions of dollars? A. 50 tons of gold and 7000 tons of silver B. 75 tons of gold and 12,800 tons of silver C. 150 tons of gold and 15,400 tons of silver D. 200 tons of gold and 18,600 tons of silver