Les Temps Verbaux de Français II. Le présent, le passé composé, l’imparfait, l’impératif, le futur simple, et le conditionnel. Le Présent. N’oubliez pas le présent!
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Le présent, le passé composé, l’imparfait, l’impératif, le futur simple, et le conditionnel.
N’oubliez pas le présent!
The present tense is formed by adding particular endings to the STEM of a verb (the stem is the part of the verb that never changes).
There are many irregular verbs in the present tense that do not follow a pre-set pattern, including these important ones:
être, avoir, faire, aller, venir, vouloir, pouvoir,
mettre, prendre, sortir, partir, dormir, servir,
lire, dire, écrire,
Some verbs take Être in the passé composé.When this is the case, the past participle must agree with the subject.
Verbs that take Être can be remembered using the acronym DRMRSVANDERTRAMPP and keeping in mind that they all have to do with coming and going (though, not all verbs that have to do with coming and going take être)
Naître Passer (par)
The imperfect is a verb tense used to talk about ongoing past action – describing how things were or used to be in the past.
This is used often in story-telling.
Martine regardait Dora beaucoup quand elle était petite.
The formation of the imperfect is somewhat simple: You take the present tense ‘nous’ form of the verb, drop the ‘ons’ and add the following endings:
-ais (je disais)
-ais (tu disais)
-ait (il disait)
-ions (nous disions)
-iez (vous disiez)
-aient (ils disaient)
Some verbs don’t take the infinitive as the stem. Instead, they have a special stem. Please memorize this list:
Être = ser-
Faire = fer-
Aller = ir-
Avoir = aur-
Savoir = saur-
Voir = verr-
Envoyer = enverr-
Pouvoir = pourr-
Devoir = devr-
Recevoir = recevr-
Vouloir = voudr-
Venir = viendr-
Falloir = faudr-