Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. Brinkmanship. President Eisenhower 1953-1961. Eisenhower’s Foreign Policy. Brinkmanship: John Foster Dulles. Mutual security agreements Massive retaliation M.A.D *Domino Theory CIA & covert operations *Eisenhower Doctrine “$ Diplomacy”.
Brinkmanship: John Foster Dulles
1948 OAS (organisation of American States)
1954 CIA covert ops in Guatemala
1950s Puerto Rican independence movement
1959 Cuba- Castro & Communist revolution
1953 CIA sponsored coup in Iran.
1956 Suez crisis
1958 Civil War in Lebanon
Korean War (ended 1953)
Vietnam ( 1954 French exit, US involvement)
Brinksmanship – the willingness to go to war in hopes that the opposing side will back down. This was justification for the nuclear buildup during the Cold War.End of Korean War– When Eisenhower was elected he threatened to use nuclear weapons to end the war. The Chinese and North Koreans agreed to the 38th Parallel.Nikita Khrushchev – became the new Premier of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin.Summit meeting – a proposed meeting between Khrushchev and Eisenhower in Paris that never happened because the Americans were caught lying about a U2 spy plane over Soviet airspace in 1959.Military Industrial Complex– when Eisenhower stepped down from the Presidency he warned not to let the ones who build weapons have too much power in government.
President Eisenhower’s willingness to threaten nuclear war to maintain peace worried some people. Critics argued that brinkmanship, the willingness to go to war to force the other side to back down, was too dangerous. The Korean War ended with the signing of an armistice
the Nationalists in Taiwan. Eisenhower threatened the use of
nuclear weapons if China tried to invade Taiwan.
Eisenhower wanted to prevent Arab nations in the Middle East from aligning with the Soviet Union.
British and French troops responded by invading the Suez Canal. Soviets threatened rocket attacks on Britain and France.
Fighting Communism Covertly: CIA operations took place in developing nations, or those nations with mostly agricultural economies.
& stopped the rebellion.
Eisenhower and Soviet leader Khrushchev agreed to a summit in Paris in order to improve relations. Khrushchev stopped the summit after the Soviets shot down an American spy plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945)Harry S. Truman (1945-1953)Dwight David Eisenhower (1953-1961)John Fitzgerald Kennedy(1961-1963)Lyndon Baines Johnson (1963-1969)Richard Milhouse Nixon(1969-1974)Gerald Rudolph Ford (1974-1977)James Earl Carter, Jr. (1977-1981)Ronald Wilson Reagan(1981-1989)
__________________________________________Herbert Walker Bush (1989-1993)William Jefferson Clinton (1993-2001)