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Africa. Botswana. History Used to be known as the British protectorate of Bechuanaland Gained independence on September 30, 1966 from South Africa Boer settlers went there. Geography Located in Southern Africa Flat 70% covered by the Kalahari Desert Okavango Delta is in the northwest

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botswana
Botswana
  • History
    • Used to be known as the British protectorate of Bechuanaland
    • Gained independence on September 30, 1966 from South Africa
    • Boer settlers went there
  • Geography
    • Located in Southern Africa
    • Flat
    • 70% covered by the Kalahari Desert
    • Okavango Delta is in the northwest
    • Chobe River provides the boundary line between Botswana and Namibia
botswana cont
Botswana cont.
  • Culture
    • Setswana is the dominant language and also describes the cultural traditions
    • Tswana music; mostly vocal with no drums but use of string instruments
    • Women noted for their basket crafting skills and local dyes
  • Places to visit
    • Chobe National Park
    • Makgadikgadi salt pans
    • Tsodilo Hills
    • The Okavango River and Delta
egypt
Egypt
  • History
    • Hunting and gathering and fishing cultures replaced grain-grinding cultures in 10th millennium BC
    • Unified kingdom founded in c. 3150 BC dynasties that would rule for the next three millennia
    • Briefly ruled by:
      • Romans
      • Ottomans
      • French
  • Geography
    • Arid climate
      • Due to climate, most people live in the narrow Nile Valley and Delta99% of population only uses 5.5% of total land
    • Land bridge from Africa to Asia that contains the Suez Canal
    • Other than the Nile Valley, most of Egypt is desert, containing parts of the Sahara Desert and the Libyan Desert
egypt cont
Egypt cont.
  • Culture
    • Six thousand years of recorded history
    • Pharaonic era
    • Hellenism
    • Christianity
    • Islam
    • Nile Valley is one of the oldest countries in the world
  • Places to visit
    • Sphinx
    • Abu Simbel
    • Pyramids of Giza
    • Cairo
    • Temples of Karnak
    • The Nile River
    • Valley of the Kings
    • Egyptian Museum
    • Siwa Oasis
    • Necropolis of Sakkarah
morocco
Morocco
  • History
    • Umayyad Arabs conquered in 7th century
    • Became a major center of learning and major power around 780 A.D.
    • Dominated Muslim Spain under Almoravid and Almohad dynasties
  • Geography
    • Coasts to Atlantic Ocean
    • Western Sahara
    • Mountainous
      • Atlas Mountains center and south
      • Rif Mountains north
    • Mediterranean climate
morocco cont
Morocco cont.
  • Culture
    • Ethnically diverse
      • Paganism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
    • Poetry, essays, historiography
    • Research of social and natural sciences usually published in French
    • Literature and literary studied published in Arabic and French
  • Places to visit
    • Marrakech
    • Fes (Fez)
    • Essaouira
    • Chefchaouen
    • Merzouga
    • Jebel Toubkal - Trekking the High Atlas Mountains
    • Meknes
    • Dades Valley
    • Tangier
    • Asilah
mozambique
Mozambique
  • History
    • Portuguese trading posts
    • Portuguese gained control in 1498 with the travels to Indian Ocean around Cape of Good Hope
    • Gold trade
  • Geography
    • Southeast coast of Africa
    • Indian Ocean to the east
    • Divided into two topographical regions by the Zambezi River
      • North-hills and low plateaus
      • South-broad lowlands and Mashonaland plateau
mozambique cont
Mozambique cont.
  • Culture
    • Aprox. 10,000 Europeans, 35,000 Euro-Africans, and 15,000 South Asians
    • Christian 40%, Muslim 20%, indigenous African and other beliefs 40%
    • Portuguese is official language
    • Art used for religious expression and traditional ceremonies
  • Places to visit
    • Vilanculos
    • Maputo
    • The Central Railway Station
    • JardimTunduru Botanical Gardens
    • Fort of NossaSenhoradaConceiao (Our Lady of Conception)
    • Fere de Populare
    • Maputo Elephant Reserve
namibia
Namibia
  • History
    • Name derived from Namib Desert (considered the oldest desert in the world)
    • Became a Germany colony in 1884
    • In 1915, South Africa occupied them
    • Officially became independent on March 21, 1990
  • Geography
    • Least densely populated country in the world
    • Based on five geographical areas
      • Central Plateau
      • Namib Desert
      • Great Escarpment
      • Bushveld
      • Kalahari Desert
    • Tropic of Capricorn cuts country almost in half
namibia cont
Namibia cont.
  • Culture
    • Most popular sport is football(soccer)
    • Compulsory free education for 10 years between ages 6 and 16
    • Addresses conservation and protection of natural resources in its constitution
  • Places to visit
    • Windhoek
    • Sossusvlei
    • Damaraland
    • Swakopmund
    • Etosha
    • Skeleton Coast
    • Namib-Nakluft National Park
    • Waterberg Plateau Park
south africa
South Africa
  • History
    • Contains some of the oldest archaeological sites in the world
    • Bantu-speaking settlements
    • Iron using agriculturists
    • Has been inhabited for the past 100,000 years
  • Geography
    • Coastline stretches more than 2,500 kilometers
    • Interior is mostly flat and sparsely populated scrubland
    • Eastern coastline is lush and well-watered, tropical climate
    • Small sub-Antarctic archipelago of the Prince Edward Islands
south africa cont
South Africa cont.
  • Culture
    • Food, music, and dance are prominent
    • Lead mostly impoverished lives
    • Has become increasingly westernised
    • Khoisan languages, for those who do not speak any of the 11 official languages
    • Also some endangered languages
  • Places to visit
    • Table Mountain
    • The Garden Route
    • Robben Island
    • Kruger National Park
    • The Drakensberg Mountain
    • The Beaches
    • Namaqualand
tunisia
Tunisia
  • History
    • Inhabited by Berber tribes
    • Phoenicians inhabited the coasts
    • Part of Fertile Crescent where early farming techniques formed
    • Three different periods
      • Carthaginian
      • Roman
      • Islamic
  • Geography
    • Mediterranean coast
    • Midway between Atlantic Ocean and Nile Delta
    • Environmentally diverse
    • Climate
      • North Temperate, mountainous
      • South Desert, semiarid
tunisia cont
Tunisia cont.
  • Culture
    • Phoenicians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Turks, Spaniards, and the French all had an influence on the culture
    • Protesting is severely suppressed
    • Journalists and human rights activists are harrassed
  • Places to visit
    • Carthage
    • Tunis
    • Bizerte
    • Chott El Jerid
    • Djerba Island
    • Dougga
    • Douz
    • El Djem
    • El Kef
zambia
Zambia
  • History
    • Inhabited by Khoisan hunter-gatherers until around AD 300
    • Batu speaking peoples arrived in 12th century
    • First to settle in Zambia may have been the Tonga people
    • First European documented visit in the 18th century
  • Geography
    • Tropical climate
    • High plateaus
    • Hills and valleys dissected by river valleys
    • Drained by two major river basins
      • Three quarters of the country in south covered by Zambezi basin
      • Congo basin in north covers about one fourth
zambia cont
Zambia cont.
  • Culture
    • Mainly indigenous Bantu culture mixed with European influences
    • Used to live in independent tribes
    • Original cultures have survived in rural areas
    • Traditional cultures apparent through Zambian traditional ceremonies
    • Traditional arts are pottery, basketry, stools, fabrics, mats, wooden carvings, ivory carvings, wire craft and copper crafts
  • Places to visit
    • Victoria Falls
    • Zambezi River
    • Lake Kariba
    • Lake Tanganyika
    • Chimp Sanctuary
    • ShiwaNgandu
    • Lake Bangweulu
    • Livingstone Memorial
    • Lake Mweru
zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
  • History
    • Trade with Muslim Merchants on Indian Ocean coast
    • Proto-Shona speaking societies
    • Traded gold, ivory and copper for cloth and glass
    • First Matabele War
    • Civil wars
  • Geography
    • Most of the country is elevated on the central plateau
    • East side is mountainous
    • Large part of Zimbabwe covered by forest
zimbabwe cont
Zimbabwe cont.
  • Culture
    • Many different cultures, but Shona predominates
    • Traditional arts of pottery, basketry, textiles, jewelry and carving
    • Football, rugby, and cricket are the most popular sports
  • Places to visit
    • Eastern Highlands
    • Lowveld
    • Chizarira National Park
    • Masvingo
    • Hwange National Park
    • Lake Kariba & Matusadona National Park
    • Mana Pools
    • Matobo National Park
    • Victoria Falls
    • Harare
    • Bulawayo