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National Plans of Action for Tobacco Control and the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). Anne-Marie Perucic TFI, WHO. 1- National Plans of Action: How to develop them. National Plan of Action. Definition:

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National Plans of Action for Tobacco Control and the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC)

Anne-Marie Perucic

TFI, WHO

national plan of action
National Plan of Action

Definition:

" a roadmap outlining how a country intends to deal with the tobacco epidemic and setting a timeline and target date for completion"

Source: Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: a Handbook, WHO 2004.

  • Important tool for tobacco control, creates a momentum for tobacco control and a catalyst for development of needed activities such as drafting legislation.
  • Importance of Article 5 of the WHO FCTC (Guiding Principles) as a legal/policy basis for development of national plans of action
national plan of action4
National Plan of Action

It is a document that describes :

  • the goals and objectives of a country in relation to its health priorities,
  • the strategies and activities that are needed to achieve these goals and objectives
  • the resources that the government is willing to commit
  • the parties responsible for each activity
  • the mechanism for tracking progress
steps for developing a national plan of action for tobacco control
Steps for developing a National Plan of Action for Tobacco Control
  • Finding the architects of the plan by:
    • Designating a national focal point for tobacco control – within the Government, specifically within a unit of the Ministry of Health.
    • Creating a national steering committee for tobacco control: must be multisectoral and should include:
      • Government ministries: Health, Finance, Customs, Trade and Commerce, Agriculture, Labour, Law and Justice, Education, Culture, Environment etc.
      • Private sector: Media, NGOs, Health professionals, Lawyers, Economists, Business, industry and labour unions, farmer groups, religious groups, consumer organization etc.

Note: Do NOT engage the tobacco industry when designing, implementing

and evaluating plans of actions for tobacco control

steps for developing a national plan of action for tobacco control6
Steps for developing a National Plan of Action for Tobacco Control
  • Determining needs and resources: conduct a situation analysis (to the extent data is available):
    • Mapping political environment in relation to tobacco control (existing tobacco control measures, role of tobacco industry in country, role of tobacco control advocates in country, current attitude of key institutions such as media and business community)
    • Health and economic impact of tobacco use and economic importance of tobacco
    • Public knowledge about impact of tobacco and public support for tobacco control (through surveys)
    • Monitoring of tobacco industry's activities
steps for developing a national plan of action for tobacco control7
Steps for developing a National Plan of Action for Tobacco Control
  • Setting the strategic direction which includes the vision, the mission, the goal and objectives of the programme.
  • Drafting the National Plan:
    • Usual timeframe: 5 years
    • Use the WHO FCTC as a base – the various elements that should be considered for inclusion are outlined in the Convention.
    • Should be adapted to the country's unique socio-cultural and political-economic situation.
    • Should identify the general and specific objectives and corresponding strategies and activities required to achieve the objectives.
    • Expected outputs should be listed for each objective and responsible people/agencies assigned to each activity.
    • Determine resources needed for activities selected to achieve each objective (pinpoint potential sources of funding).
steps for developing a national plan of action for tobacco control8
Steps for developing a National Plan of Action for Tobacco Control
  • Ensuring legitimacy of the National Plan by:
    • Undertaking a broad consultation to establish ownership of the plan among the implementing and enforcing parties,
      • This will be made easier if the national steering committee includes are the parties needed for the implementation of the National Plan.
    • Ensure formal recognition/adoption of the National Plan by the Government granting it official status.
  • Launching the National Plan of Action
    • Publicise the creation and adoption of the National Plan – through press conferences and other media events (could be made to coincide with the celebration of Wold No Tobacco Day).
elements of a national action plan
Elements of a National Action Plan
  • Vision: communicate what the plan believes is the ideal condition for the country
  • Mission statement: describing what the plan is trying to accomplish
  • Background summarizing key findings of situation analysis and outlining the rationale for taking action
  • Goal and objectives
    • For each objective select strategies and expected results
      • Define specific activities within each strategy
        • For each activity list: - who is responsible

- target date for completion of activity

- resources needed to complete the activity

  • Progress indicator to measure effectiveness of implementation
national plans of action pitfalls
National Plans of Action: Pitfalls
  • Not feasible: include too many activities to undertake in a rather short period of time
  • Cost assessment: sometimes too large (and with no funding ground) to be fully endorsed by the Government
  • Too general: does not include concrete activities
the who framework convention on tobacco control
The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

GLOBAL RESPONSE

“ We need an international response to an international problem. I believe that the response will be well encapsulated in the development of an International Framework Convention”.

  • Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland
  • Seminar on Tobacco Industry Disclosure
  • Geneva, 20 October 1998
  • The Convention is a set of legally binding rules that will govern the
  • global rise and spread of tobacco and tobacco products in the next
  • century.
  • The underlying objective of this Convention will be to reduce the
  • morbidity and mortality attributable to tobacco.
status of the who fctc
STATUS OF THE WHO FCTC
  • The WHO FCTC entered into force on 27 February 2005
  • As of 06 May 2007, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control had 147 Parties, representing about 80% of the world population.
  • 8 out of the 11 Mega Countries are Parties to the WHO FCTC
    • They include: Brazil, Bangladesh, China, India, Japan, Mexico, Nigeria and Pakistan
    • They represent: 3.2 billion people and 51% of the world population
uniqueness of the who fctc
Uniqueness of the WHO FCTC
  • Addresses tobacco control from both the supply-side and demand-side perspectives.
  • Reflects measures that have proven effective in reducing tobacco consumption.
  • Includes provisions related to questions of the liability of Contracting Parties.
  • Includes provisions relating to the potential saboteurs of its implementation, the tobacco companies.
who fctc
WHO FCTC

Article 5: General Obligations

  • Each Party shall develop, implement, periodically update and review comprehensive multisectoral national tobacco control strategies, plans and programmes in accordance with this Convention and the protocols to which it is a Party.
  • Towards this end, each Party shall, in accordance with its capabilities:
    • establish or reinforce and finance a national coordinating mechanism or focal points for tobacco control; and
    • adopt and implement effective legislative, executive, administrative and/or other measures and cooperate, as appropriate, with other Parties in developing appropriate policies for preventing and reducing tobacco consumption, nicotine addiction and exposure to tobacco smoke.

an evidence based strategy
An Evidence-based Strategy
  • Reduces DEMAND

Part III, Articles 6 – 14

  • Reduces SUPPLY

Part IV, Articles 15 – 17

  • PROTECTSthe environment

Part V, Article 18

exposure to tobacco smoke

illicit trade

treatment of dependence

prices and taxes

alternative activities

packaging and labelling

supply reduction

demand

reduction

advertising,

promotion, sponsorship

liability

sale to and by minors

regulation of tobacco products

who fctc17
WHO FCTC
  • Demand reduction clauses:
    • Article 6: Price and tax measures to reduce the demand for tobacco
    • Article 8: Protection from exposure to tobacco smoke
    • Articles 9 & 10: Regulation of the contents of tobacco products and Regulation of tobacco product disclosures
    • Article 11: Packaging and labelling of tobacco products
    • Article 12: Education, communication, training and public awareness
    • Article 13: Tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship
    • Article 14: Demand reduction measures concerning tobacco dependence and cessation
who fctc18
WHO FCTC
  • Supply reduction clauses:
    • Article 15: Illicit trade in tobacco products
    • Article 16: Sales to and by minors
    • Article 17: Provision of support for economically viable alternative activities
mauritius draft national plan of action
Mauritius draft National Plan of Action
  • Situation analysis: including information on the state of affairs for consumption, prevalence, tobacco production, existing regulations, surveillance and existing sources of data at the national level.
  • Time frame: 3 years
  • Goal and objectives:
    • Goal:
      • "To reduce mortality and morbidity due to the use of tobacco products".
    • Main objectives:
      • To prevent the use of tobacco among young people and adults.
      • To protect from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS).
      • To promote cessation among smokers.
mauritius draft national plan of action21
Mauritius draft National Plan of Action
  • Specific objectives derive from each of the main objectives defined above (specific objectives and corresponding activities cover all provisions of the WHO FCTC).
  • A section follows to justify with numbers and evidence the reason why the specific objective was selected.
  • Institutional Framework: setting up a National Committee on Tobacco Control (NCTC)
    • Chaired by the Principal Medical Officer/Chief Medical Officer of the MoH and assisted by the Tobacco Control Focal Person in charge of the tobacco programme in the Ministry.
    • Other Members include: Ministries of Health and Quality of Life, Education and Scientific Research, Finance, Youth and Sports, Women's Rights and Family Welfare, Mauritius Institute of Education, Mauritius College of the Air, Mauritius Research Council , National Agency for the Treatment and Rehabilitation for Substance Abusers and VISa (NGO).
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Mauritius draft National Plan of Action Example of a strategic plan for a specific objective to attain
  • Main Objective: To prevent the use of tobacco among young people and adults.
    • Specific Objective 1: To increase public awareness on the consequences of tobacco use.
specific objective 1 to increase public awareness on the consequences of tobacco use activities
Specific Objective 1: To increase public awareness on the consequences of tobacco use - Activities
specific objective 1 to increase public awareness on the consequences of tobacco use funding
Specific Objective 1: To increase public awareness on the consequences of tobacco use - Funding
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Specific Objective 1: To increase public awareness on the consequences of tobacco use – Indicators to measure effectiveness of implementation

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Thank You!

Useful resource:

Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: A handbook

WHO, 2004

URL:http://www.who.int/tobacco/resources/publications/tobaccocontrol_handbook/en/index.html