x ray principles physics laboratory l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
X-ray Principles & Physics Laboratory PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
X-ray Principles & Physics Laboratory

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

X-ray Principles & Physics Laboratory - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 0 Views
  • Updated on

X-ray Principles & Physics Laboratory. Russell L. Wilson , CRT, RT(R) . Properties of X-ray. X-rays travel in a straight line and diverge from their point of origin. X-ray photons have many different energies. X-rays are highly penetrating. X-rays are invisible.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

X-ray Principles & Physics Laboratory


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. X-ray Principles & Physics Laboratory Russell L. Wilson , CRT, RT(R)

    2. Properties of X-ray • X-rays travel in a straight line and diverge from their point of origin. • X-ray photons have many different energies. • X-rays are highly penetrating. • X-rays are invisible. • X-rays travel at the speed of light.

    3. Properties of X-ray • X-rays produce scatter radiation when they enter-act with matter. • X-rays affect radiographic and photographic film. • X-rays cause fluorescence of some materials. • X-rays cause biologic damage.

    4. Properties of X-ray • X-rays respond according to the inverse square law.

    5. X-ray Protection • Because x-rays cause biologic damage, the operator of the machine and the patient must be protected from the radiation. • Lead is used to absorb radiation.

    6. X-ray Hazards • In the early days of radiography, the patient often was burned by the radiation. • With proper operation of equipment, x-rays are relatively safe today.

    7. X-ray Injuries Still Occur • These are serial photographs on a patient that had multiple long fluoroscopic examination. • Last image is after skin graphs.

    8. Patient Radiation Protection • Later in the quarter, we will covers methods used to keep the exposure to the patient as low as possible. • Keeping the exposure low is the responsibility of the operator of the x-ray machine.

    9. X-ray Hazards • With early x-ray machine, there was a real possibility of electrocution. • Today with proper safety precautions, radiography is very safe for the operator.

    10. X-ray Hazards • X-ray was also very hazardous for the operator in those early years. • X-ray operators would use their hands to make sure the machine was working .

    11. X-ray Hazards • It was not uncommon for both the operator and patient to receive burns. • Today, with proper precautions, x-ray is safe for the operator.

    12. The X-ray Room • The radiographic equipment consists of: • The Tube Stand, Tube & Collimator • Grid Holder or Bucky • Controls in the Control Booth.

    13. The X-ray Room • The wall of the x-ray room and door are shielded with lead to protect the operator and staff.

    14. Operator X-ray Protection • The Door to the X-ray Room contains lead. • It must be closed during exposures.

    15. Operator X-ray Protection • The wall of the control booth is leaded. Stand completely behind the wall during exposures.

    16. Operator X-ray Protection • Observe the patient or experiment through the lead glass window. No peeking around the wall!

    17. X-ray Tube • X-rays are produced inside the x-ray tube. • Many properties of light and x-ray are the same.

    18. Modern X-ray Tube • This is a modern rotating anode general • radiographic x-ray tube. • The leaded glass holds the vacuum in the tube. • Anode rotated to cool tube.

    19. X-ray Collimator • Using light in the collimator, lead shutters are moved to restrict the area of exposure.

    20. X-ray Collimator • Collimation is our best tool for reducing radiation exposure to the patient.

    21. Observations • 1. Did the light field match the x-ray beam? Yes • 2. What principle did this demonstrate? X-ray s travel in a straight line line and diverge from the point of origin. X-rays have similar properties to light.

    22. Observations • 3. Did the intensity of the fluorescence of the screen change when the kVp was increased? Yes • 4. Would this indicate that the intensity of the beam changed? Yes • 5. During the exposure could you see inside the phantom? Yes

    23. Observations • 6. What property of x-ray did this demonstrate? X-rays are highly penetrating. • 7.After the tone from the control terminated, did the screen continue to fluoresce? No • 8.If the screen did not fluoresce, was there any radiation coming from the tube after the tone stopped? No

    24. Observations • 9. Did you hear any noise coming from the tube after the tone stopped? Yes the rotor continued to rotate. • 10. What did you see on the film that was sitting near the phantom? A blurry image. • 11. What principle did this demonstrate? X-rays produce scatter radiation. Scatter radiation is not divergent.

    25. The End Return to Lectures Home Page