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  1. 2nd Semester Review Mrs. Magee World History

  2. Chapter 16: Exploration and Expansion What was the first country to launch large-scale voyages of exploration in the early 1400s? What was their main goal? Find a water route to India

  3. Chapter 16: Exploration and Expansion • List the results of the Treaty of Tordesillas. • Spanish Empire grew larger than the Portuguese (all of the Americas went to them!)

  4. Chapter 16: Exploration and Expansion • What is a mercantilist? What is a conquistador? • Sell more goods than it buys from foreign • A conqueror, ex: Francisco Pizarro

  5. Chapter 17: New Asian Empires • Who founded the Ottoman Empire and was religious freedom tolerated? • Osman I • Yes, it follows Islamic law

  6. Chapter 17: New Asian Empires Who was Shah Jahan? Indian leader who imposed heavy taxes to pay for costly monument in memory of his wife, palaces, and wars

  7. Chapter 17: New Asian Empires • List the reasons for the Ming dynasty’s decline. • High taxes • Crop failures

  8. Chapter 17: New Asian Empires • What country was allowed to trade with the Chinese during the Qing dynasty? Why? • The Dutch • They respected Qing customs and values

  9. Chapter 17: New Asian Empires • What are Janissaries? • Elite soldiers loyal only to the sultan

  10. Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe • List the accomplishments of Charles V. Why did he give up his throne? • Territory included parts of Italy, Austria, and some German states • Frustrated by failure in Europe

  11. Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe • Why did King Phillip want to invade England? • Return England to the Catholic Church

  12. Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe • What is a Huguenot? • Challenged the ideas of the French monarchy • Did not think France should be ruled by one king and have one religion

  13. Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe • What caused the War of the Spanish Succession? English Civil War? • Louis 14’s desire to have the Spanish throne for his son • Charles I’s idea to arrest Puritan leaders of Parliament for treason

  14. Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe • Who was considered the “Sun King”? • Louis 14

  15. Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe • List the following in order: Restoration, Glorious Revolution, Puritan Revolution, English Civil War • English Civil War • Puritan Revolution • Restoration • Glorious Revolution

  16. Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe • Who were William and Mary? • Took the throne of England during the Glorious Revolution

  17. Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe • List the accomplishments of Peter I. • Transformation of Russia into a modern state • Education reforms

  18. Chapter 18: The Monarchs of Europe • Explain the relationship between divine right and absolute monarchy. • Monarchs claimed they had divine right to rule over the people

  19. Chapter 19: Enlightenment and Revolution • Name one person who had a growing conflict with the church during the Scientific Revolution. • Galileo

  20. Chapter 19: Enlightenment and Revolution

  21. Chapter 19: Enlightenment and Revolution • What was the heliocentric theory and who wrote a book about it? • Earth revolves around the sun • Copernicus

  22. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon • What was the Great Fear? What caused it? • Panic and riots by French peasants; • Fall of the Bastille

  23. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon • Describe the groups that made up the 3 estates. Why did Louis XVI want to have a meeting with them in 1789? • Clergy • Nobles • Commoners/bourgeoisie • Approval of new taxes on 3rd estate

  24. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon • What was the Revolutionary Tribunal? • Eliminate people who threatened the Revolution from within

  25. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon • What was the Reign of Terror? How did it end? • When Robespierre took power and began killing anyone against his ideas • Increased foreign opposition to the French Revolution

  26. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon • List the following in the correct order: Directory, Legislative Assembly, National Assembly, National Convention • National Assembly • Legislative Assembly • National Convention • Directory

  27. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon • Why did the people like Napoleon? • Promised order after the chaos of the Revolution

  28. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon What country was Napoleon’s biggest enemy? How did Napoleon try to defeat them? GB Continental System

  29. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon • What happened with Napoleon’s troops in Russia and in Spain? • Russia- defeated by winters and scorched earth policy • Spain- troops retreat after not wining against guerilla warfare

  30. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon • What type of government did France have after Napoleon was exiled? • monarchy

  31. Chapter 20: The French Revolution and Napoleon • Who was Prince Klemens von Metternich and what impact did he make at the Congress of Vienna? • CofV- strenthened nations surrounding France • Austria- helped to defuse the liberal ideals of the FR

  32. Chapter 21: The Industrial Revolution • Which country industrialized first? Why? • GB; colonies gave natural resources

  33. Chapter 21: The Industrial Revolution • What natural resources were desired by industrialized countries? Circle the one that was most important in the early development. • Minerals • Wood • Water

  34. Chapter 21: The Industrial Revolution • What were the effects of mass production? • More consumer goods available to more ppl

  35. Chapter 21: The Industrial Revolution • What did Karl Marx and Frederick Engels have in common? • Germany’s industrial growth delayed by lack of central gov. • Capitalism would lead to poverty and worker revolutions

  36. Chapter 22: Life in the Industrial Age • What invention allowed factories to become less dependent on water sources? • Electric power

  37. Chapter 22: Life in the Industrial Age • How did the emergence of public transportation systems affect people’s way of life during the Industrial Revolution? • Led to expansion of cities and suburbs

  38. Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe • Name the three men who all had the same goal of unifying Italy. • Guiseppe Mazzini • Camillodi Cavour • Guiseppe Garibaldi

  39. Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe • What was the economic impact after Italian unification? • Widespread poverty and unemployment led to violence and emigration

  40. Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe • What does the phrase “blood and iron” mean? Who said it? • German people would have to work to create a powerful country • Otto von Bismarck: Prussian military force German unification

  41. Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe • How was the Austrian Empire affected by nationalism? • Revolutions in FR • Italy and German states led revolts in Austria

  42. Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe • What caused the Crimean War? • Conflict over Holy Land

  43. Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe • Why didn’t nationalism work during the Dual Monarchy? • Remained a problem because ethnicities wanted to be self-governed

  44. Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe • Who were the Decembrists? • Rev. group in Russia • Allegiance to new czar

  45. Chapter 24: Nationalism in Europe • What is a socialist republic? What group promoted it? • No private property • Russian Marxists

  46. Chapter 25: The Age of Imperialism • Describe the following terms: British Raj, Treaty of Nanjing, Meiji Restoration • BR- Indian and Brit in segregated neighborhoods • TN- benefited Euro countries at the expense of China • MR- refers to the Japanese emperor return to power

  47. Chapter 25: The Age of Imperialism List the results of the Russo-Japanese War. What Southeast Asian country remained independent? Japan wins over Russia Siam

  48. Chapter 25: The Age of Imperialism • List the reasons European countries began imperialism in Africa. • Controlling colonies would gain them respect from other leaders

  49. Chapter 26: WWI Which countries were part of the Triple Entente? Triple Alliance? TR- F, R, GB TA- A-H, G, I

  50. Chapter 26: WWI • Put the following events in order: Russia moved to support Serbia, Germany declares war on Russia, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia • A-H declares war on Serbia • Russia supports Serbia • Germany declared war on Russia