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Opera. Parliament. Palace. 物联网雏形 — M2M 网络解决方案初探. NFC. Objects/RFID. Smart Places. Online Vehicles. Online Building. PAN/BAN. 分享内容. M2M 组网的基本概念及挑战 M2M 网络简介 网络特点及挑战 M2M 组网方案 总体方案 充分利用现网的 M2M 支持方案 M2M 组网影响 国外 M2M 运营商组网案例简介 爱尔兰 National Smart Meter 项目 MAINGATE Telenor 总结.

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slide1

Opera

Parliament

Palace

物联网雏形 — M2M网络解决方案初探

NFC

Objects/RFID

Smart Places

Online Vehicles

Online Building

PAN/BAN

slide2
分享内容
  • M2M组网的基本概念及挑战
    • M2M网络简介
    • 网络特点及挑战
  • M2M组网方案
    • 总体方案
    • 充分利用现网的M2M支持方案
    • M2M组网影响
  • 国外M2M运营商组网案例简介
    • 爱尔兰National Smart Meter项目
    • MAINGATE
    • Telenor
  • 总结
slide3

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Customer

care

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Billing

  • Configuratuion
  • Security
  • Charging

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Service

mgmt

Asset

mgmt

(((

Module

)))

物联网雏形 -- M2M网络端到端架构

1. 传感器

2. 终端

3. 网络

  • 4. 数据管理
  • collecting
  • monitoring
  • storing

6. 业务支撑

(((

个人

)))

Module

GPRS

3G

xDSL

PN

Module

抄表

(((

机器设备

Module

)))

交通运输

5. M2M 应用

及业务管理

slide4

SA1,NIMTC,TR22.868,TS22.368

  • SA2,NIMTC
  • SA3,DL-USIM,TR33.812
  • SA4,eCall
  • GERAN, SI agreed
M2M端到端网络—标准化
  • 3GPP SA1
    • TS22 368 Rel-10 ‘Service requirements for machine-type communications”
    • December 2009
  • 3GPP SA3
    • TR 33.812 ReI-9 Feasibility Study on remote management of USIM application on M2M equipment’
    • December 2009

TS 102 689 M2M Service Requirements

TS 102 690 M2M Functional Architecture

TR 102 691 Smart metering Use Cases

Time line: Requirements October, Architecture December 2009

3gpp wi nimtc network improvements for machine type communications
3GPP WI NIMTCNetwork Improvements for Machine Type Communications
  • Scope
    • SA1, TS 22.368, ”Service requirements for machine-type communications; Stage 1”
      • Completed in time for R10 (# SA1 49), stable since August 2009
      • Defines system optimization categories specific for M2M across the architecture
        • System features to meet requirements are independent and possible to enable/disable
          • per subscription
          • per service invocation
    • SA2, TR 23.888, ”Architectural Enhancements for machine-type communications”
      • Time plan states it must be approved at plenary SA#48 (moved 09/10)
    • SA3, TR 33.868, ”Security Aspects of machine-type communications”
      • Approved at plenary SA#49
  • Other activities in 3GPP:
    • TR 33.812, Feasibility Study on the Security Aspects of Remote Provisioning and Change of Subscription for M2M Equipment
etsi m2m current work
ETSI M2M - Current Work

TR 102 691

Smart Metering

Use Cases

TR 102 732

eHealth

Use Cases

TR 102 898

Automotive

Use Cases

TR 102 857

Conn. consumer

Use Cases

TR 102 897

City Automation

Use Cases

Freezing -> Jan 2010

Expected summer 2010

TS 102 690

M2M Functional

Architecture

TS 102 689

M2M Service

Requirements

slide8

M2M在移动网中产生话务量预测Terabyte

Terrabyte of data generated by M2M in mobile networks

M2M话务发展及特点

  • M2M业务目前仍处于培育期.
  • 业已存在的三类关键客户群:
    • 个人交通工具
    • 商业交通工具
    • 电表
  • 预计2014年,移动网络内74%的M2M话务流量来自网络摄像头 – 2009年只占0.1%.

Source: Bergh Insight

slide9
M2M业务特点及挑战

NFC

  • 多! -- 500亿(50B)
  • 广! -- 物联网(各行各业,无处不在)
  • 慢! -- 低移动性客户群为主
  • 小! -- 近期小流量,低带宽业务为主
  • 高! -- 对QoS有较高要求
slide10
分享内容
  • M2M组网的基本概念及挑战
    • M2M网络简介
    • 网络特点及挑战
  • M2M组网方案
    • 总体方案
    • 充分利用现网的M2M支持方案
    • M2M组网影响
  • 国外M2M运营商组网案例简介
    • 爱尔兰National Smart Meter项目
    • MAINGATE
    • Telenor
  • 总结
slide11
M2M移动承载网络总体方案(核心网)

新建 vs 现网 (Overlay vs. Reuse) :

m2m 1

>100 Mbps

TD-SCDMA HSPA

TD-LTE

1.6, 2.8 Mbps

1 Mbps

EDGE Evolution

265kbps

EDGE

市区

乡村

郊区

基于现网解决M2M面对的挑战(1) – 广!

2G/3G/4G相结合,无缝广覆盖

m2m 2

刀片式软交换

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

MSC-S

CP 50

MSC-S

CP 60

MSC-Server Blade Cluster

960

calls/s

MSC/SGSN POOL

2. 建设MSC

/SGSN POOL:

480

calls/s

720

calls/s

Online Building

RNC

BSC

基于现网解决M2M面对的挑战(2) – 多!

690万用户

全IP MGW

~ 80 kErl

  • 建设大容
  • 量节点:

~ 56 kErl

SGSN

MKVIII

10MSAU

UDC

~100M

~ 37 kErl

~ 19 kErl

~ 35

kErl

~ 14 kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 28

kErl

~ 18

kErl

~ 18

kErl

240

calls/s

240

calls/s

~ 9

kErl

~ 5 kErl

BC4020

BC4040

BC4001

大容量节点组成池组,海量处理,负载分担,充分冗余

m2m 3

BSC (2G)

GGSN

IP networks

SGSNPool

PCRF

IP

HSS

AAA

IP networks

RNC (3G)

HLR

GGSN/SAE GW

IP

IP

3G Direct Channel

GGSN

PDN GW

SGSN/MME

Serv GW

SGSN

MME

3GDT

3G

2G

LTE

基于现网解决M2M面对的挑战(3) – 慢!小!

话务流量与移动性管理分离,适应多种M2M应用

m2m 4

面向用户体验的网管能力

辨认10个体验最差的用户

确认10问题最多的终端

基于现网解决M2M面对的挑战(4) – 高!

端到端QoS控制

SAPC

SGSN/MME

RNC

GGSN

Transport

Core

Access

Downlink

Uplink

端到端QoS保护机制+面向用户体验的网管系统保证M2M业务

m2m ims

App

App

M2M

M2M

M2M

IMS

M2M与IMS互操作方案
  • 2. 业务及控制整合:M2M做为丰富的信息源
  • 为IMS用户及应用提供更丰富信息
  • IMS用户及应用扩展至更多场景
  • 1. 业务分离,控制整合:IMS 作为通信控制核心
  • 是M2M接入和业务网之间的控制网
  • 支持notifications, SUBSCRIBE/NOTIFY
  • 媒体流实时控制, 类似 RTP
  • 支持鉴权AAA, 业务可及reachability控制
  • 3. 控制分离,应用整合:M2M和IMS应用集成
  • M2M分域控制
  • 融合的应用服务器负责整合业务触发
  • M2M可发展为一种应用类型
hlr m2m
HLR如何支持M2M?
  • 分配新的注册信息表给M2M用户
  • M2M用户主要以IMSI注册
  • 注册信息包括M2M应用服务器地址,用户移动性管理信息,时间信息等
  • MSM设备通过短信实现自动配置和信息上传,短信以IMSI/MSISDN识别
  • 与M2M配置服务器通信的信令流程不影响M2M其他流程
  • M2M签约信息可以被CS和PS核心网共享
  • 基于号段激活/去激活M2M设备的SIM
  • M2M签约信息的有效期可管理
slide19

PDU UDB M2M PoCPhASE 1 SCOPE

  • M2M device auto-configuration
  • M2M MSISDN-less subscription
    • Sensor registration and initial configuration
    • Sensor-application communication
  • M2M database auto-provisioning
    • Sensor registration and initial configuration
  • Business Model validation
    • Application  Mobile operator relation
    • Application  device association
  • Applications
    • Smart metering
pdu udb m2m p o c phase i architecture view

M2M AS

SGSN

GGSN

RNC

PDU UDB M2M PoCPhase I architecture view

M2M Subscription Management

M2M Applications

DES/ADC

HLR/AuC

EMA

Radio Access Network

Packet Core Network

M2M Subscription and Device Management focus

M2M Device Plug and Play

pdu udb m2m p o c phase i device deployment

M2M AS

RNC

SGSN

SGSN

GGSN

RNC

GGSN

PDU UDB M2M PoCPhaSE I DeVICE DEPLOYMENT
  • Step 1: configuration
  • Install ‘empty’ meter, power up
  • Modem registers with HLR, ADC pushes configuration data for network access via SMS

Step 2: parameterization

  • Meter receives parameter settings from the Mgmt System over the established GPRS data link

M2M Subscription Management

DES/ADC

HLR/AuC

EMA

Radio Access Network

Packet Core Network

Radio Access Network

Packet Core Network

M2M Applications

pdu udb m2m p o c phase i device operation

M2M AS

M2M AS

SGSN

GGSN

RNC

SGSN

GGSN

RNC

PDU UDB M2M PoCPhaSE I DeVICE OPERATION

PUSH(readings / events / logs)

Radio Access Network

Packet Core Network

M2M Applications

  • PULL (readings / events / logs)
  • Wake-up
  • Re-establish PDP context
  • Pull data

M2M Subscription Management

DES/ADC

HLR/AuC

EMA

Radio Access Network

Packet Core Network

M2M Applications

slide23
分享内容
  • M2M组网的基本概念及挑战
    • M2M网络简介
    • 网络特点及挑战
  • M2M组网方案
    • 总体方案
    • 充分利用现网的M2M支持方案
    • M2M组网影响
  • 国外M2M运营商组网案例简介
    • 爱尔兰National Smart Meter项目
    • MAINGATE
    • Telenor
  • 总结
slide28

2010Launch of new Service Portal and increased geographical presence

2009

New M2M technical platform launched

2003

First large scale customers, Volvo, Securitas

2008

eSIM patent approved

2006

Actively addressing global market,

Daimler acquired

Late 90’

M2M pioneering

2005

Large-scale AMR roll-out for Fortum & E.ON

2000

Acquired M2M early adopters

移动运营商Telenor M2M运营规划

  • 2008 - Telenor Connexion AB established
  • Sole focus on managed connectivity solutions for global M2M & telematics deployments
  • Incorporating +10 years of M2M experience
  • 100% owned by Telenor ASA
  • Headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden
  • +65 employees
slide29

Telenor M2M网络框架

  • 架构
    • AAA 分层架构.
  • 用户数据库
    • Notify abnormal traffic condition.
    • 批处理(Activation and deactivation of SIM).
    • 有效期控制(Subscription shall be assigned a lifetime).
  • 鉴权服务器AAA-S
    • Extra set of messages,比如“Disconnect Request”
    • RADIUS属性的特定IMSI, Charging ID, GGSN-IP Address, SGSN-IP Address格式
  • 非MSISDN签约
  • 独立的M2M用户数据库管理相关数据.
slide30

Ericsson M2M Mgmt

Platform

我们所知的中国运营商M2M网络规划框架

Terminal Alarm

Terminal Alarm

Enterprise Terminal

SMS-C

AAA

AAA

LNSStatus

Terminal Status

M2M Application Server

LNS

RAN

L2TPTunnel

PDSN

CDMA 1X

PCF

Enterprise

slide31

中期实现M2M与移动核心网融合

  • 建设EPC,实现M2M话务与控制分离
  • IMS与M2M融合

面向M2M业务特点的支撑网络建设

  • 计费:融合的NGBOSS
  • 端到端QoS:基于PCC架构的SAPC
  • 网管:基于用户体验的GUBAS

现网建设面向M2M

  • 新建节点考虑大容量
  • MSC/SGSN成池组
  • 试验3GDT,实现话务与控制分离
M2M组网解决方案小结

近期开展M2M试验网络部署

  • 可采用Overlay方式新建M2M核心网
  • 打好与移动核心网融合的基础

M2M端到端解决方案

M2M/IMS AS

IMS

SAPC

HSS

AAA

HLR

GGSN

PDN GW

POOL

Serv GW

MSC

SGSN

MME

GUBAS

3GDT

2G

WLAN

3G

LTE