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Standard Precautions: Who, What, When, Where, & Why. Do you know how to protect yourself and others from infection?. Do you know what to do if you come in contact with blood?. Two Types of Isolation Precautions.

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standard precautions who what when where why

Standard Precautions:Who, What, When, Where, & Why

Illinois CTE

Curriculum Revitalization Initiative

Health Science and Technology

do you know how to protect yourself and others from infection
Do you know how to protect yourself and others from infection?

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

two types of isolation precautions
Two Types of Isolation Precautions
  • These are precautions that prevent the spread of contagious or communicable diseases
    • diseases caused by pathogens that spread easily
  • Include standard precautions and transmission-based precautions.

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

standard precautions
Standard Precautions
  • Rules developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  • Every body fluid must be considered a potentially infectious material, and all patients must be considered potential sources of infection, regardless of their disease or diagnosis.
  • Standard precautions must be observed while working with all patients because health care providers may contact blood, body fluids, secretions and excretions such as mucus, sputum, saliva, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, feces, vomitus, amniotic fluid, semen, and vaginal secretions; mucous membranes; and non-intact skin.

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

blood
Blood
  • The fluid that circulates in the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins of a vertebrate animal, carrying nourishment and oxygen to, and bringing waste products from, all parts of the body

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

mucus
Mucus
  • A viscid, slippery secretion that is usually rich in mucins and is produced by mucous membranes, which it moistens and protects

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

sputum
Sputum
  • The matter discharged from the air passages in diseases of the lungs, bronchi, or upper respiratory tract; it contains mucus and often pus, blood, fibrin, or bacterial products

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

saliva
Saliva
  • A slightly alkaline secretion of water, mucin, protein, salts, and often a starch-splitting enzyme (such as ptyalin) that is secreted into the mouth by salivary glands, lubricates ingested food, and often begins the breakdown of starches

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

cerebrospinal fluid
Cerebrospinal fluid
  • A liquid comparable to serum but contains less dissolved material that is secreted from the blood into the lateral ventricles of the brain by the choroid plexus, circulates through the ventricles to the spaces between the meninges about the brain and spinal cord, and is resorbed into the blood through the subarachnoid sinuses; it serves chiefly to maintain uniform pressure within the brain and spinal cord (also called spinal fluid or CSF)

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

urine
Urine
  • Waste material that is secreted by the kidney, is rich in end products (such as urea, uric acid, and creatinine) of protein metabolism together with salts and pigments, and forms a clear amber and usually slightly acidic fluid

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

feces
Feces
  • Bodily waste discharged through the anus

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

vomitus
Vomitus
  • Stomach contents disgorged through the mouth (also called vomit)

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

amniotic fluid
Amniotic Fluid
  • The serous fluid in which the embryo and fetus is suspended within the amnion

www.scienceclarified.com

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

semen
Semen
  • A viscid, whitish fluid of the male reproductive tract consisting of spermatozoa suspended in secretions of accessory glands (such as the prostate and Cowper’s glands)

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

vaginal secretions
Vaginal Secretions
  • The process of segregating, elaborating, and releasing some material either functionally specialized or isolated for excretion from the vagina

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

non intact skin
Non-intact Skin
  • Skin with open breaks

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

interstitial fluid
Interstitial fluid
  • Liquid that fills the space between most of the cells of the body

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

pleural fluid
Pleural fluid
  • Liquid that surrounds the lungs

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

personal protective equipment ppe
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • The clothing or equipment wornby an employee for protection against a hazard

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

airborne
Airborne
  • Particles that float in the air

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

droplet
Droplet
  • A small drop of fluid

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

contact precautions
Contact Precautions
  • Rules that must be followed for any patients known or suspected to be infected with microorganisms that can be transmitted by either direct or indirect contact

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

prevention of the transmission of disease
Prevention of the Transmission of Disease
  • Health care facility’s infection control program
  • Immunization of health care workers
  • Training of health care personnel
  • Policies and procedures for device- and procedure-oriented services
  • Reporting and tracking of the transmission of disease by the CDC
  • Provision of personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, gowns, lab coats, masks, and face shields in appropriate sizes and in accessible locations

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology

prevention of the transmission of disease1
Prevention of the Transmission of Disease
  • Provision of adequate hand-washing facilities and supplies
  • Identification of jobs with high-risk exposure
  • Provision of medical care and evaluation for any employee who has an exposure incident
  • Provision of appropriate waste and disposal containers and guidelines for disposal
  • Enforcement of rules of no eating, drinking, smoking, applying cosmetics or lip balms, handling contact lenses, and mouth-pipetting or suctioning in any area that can be potentially contaminated.

IL CTE- Health Science & Technology