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Islam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Islam. Islam. Islam Submission to god Followers are Muslim One who submits to god 2 nd largest religion in world 2.2 Billion Christians 1.4 Billion Muslims Fastest growing religion. Africa: 40% Christian 40% Muslim. Muhammad. Muhammad  M Born in Mecca 25 y/o married

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islam1
Islam
  • Islam
    • Submission to god
  • Followers are Muslim
    • One who submits to god
  • 2nd largest religion in world
    • 2.2 Billion Christians
    • 1.4 Billion Muslims
  • Fastest growing religion
  • Africa:
    • 40% Christian
    • 40% Muslim
muhammad
Muhammad
  • Muhammad M
    • Born in Mecca
    • 25 y/o married
    • 40 y/o went to a cave to pray
  • The angel Gabrielappeared
  • Instructed him to write things down
  • Muslims believe god spoke to M. through the angel making him the greatest prophet in Islam
  • M. wrote things down in the Quran
    • Sacred text in Islam
slide8

M is spreading his teachings in Mecca

    • Many Arabs feel threatened
    • Plot to kill M
  • M flees to Medina
    • Hegirajourney
  • Home becomes the first Mosque
    • Building for Muslim prayer
5 pillars of islam
5 pillars of Islam
  • Shahada (creed)
    • There is no god but Allah, and his messenger is M
  • Prayer 5 times a day
    • Begin at dawn, end at sunset
  • Fasting
    • During the month of Ramadan (circa Sept.)

4. Charity

    • Giving to the poor

5. Pilgrimage to Mecca

  • must go at least once & pray to the Kaaba
radical islam
Radical Islam
  • Jihad
  • 6thpillar of Islam
  • “Struggle” to obey Allah
    • self
    • Tongue
    • Hand
    • Sword

Defense of Islam

islamic views of heaven
Islamic views of Heaven
  • Believe in Heaven and Hell
  • Judgment Day
  • No guarantee of Heaven
    • Allah evaluates good and bad deeds may determine admittance
  • Allah may determine non admittance
    • “bad day”
  • Only way guaranteed into heaven through martyrdom
  • Death by holy way or jihad
schism of islam
Schism of Islam
  • 2 major Denominations of Islam
  • Sunni (85%)
  • Shia (15%)
  • Dispute over the leadership after M.’s death
  • Sunni followed Abu
  • Shia followed Ali