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Energy Flow in the Biosphere, Chapter 3-1 & 3-2. http://www.geog.uni-heidelberg.de/~ttavk/weltkarten/globen/1997-1998-biosphere-Nasa.jpg. REMEMBER CELL BIO. INTEREST GRABBER- THINK BACK TO CHAPTER 7. \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_ \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_  \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_. MOLECULES. ORGANELLES. ATOMS.

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energy flow in the biosphere chapter 3 1 3 2

Energy Flow in the Biosphere, Chapter 3-1 & 3-2

http://www.geog.uni-heidelberg.de/~ttavk/weltkarten/globen/1997-1998-biosphere-Nasa.jpg

slide3
INTEREST GRABBER- THINK BACK TO CHAPTER 7

________ __________  ___________

MOLECULES

ORGANELLES

ATOMS

IMAGE SOURCES: see last slide

slide4
____________  ____________ 

CELLS

TISSUES

Similar cells working together

IMAGE SOURCES: see last slide

slide5
___________  __________ ___________

ORGAN SYSTEMS

ORGANS

ORGANISM

Different tissuesworking together

Different organsworking together

IMAGE SOURCES: see last slide

slide6
___________________________________

ORGANISMS

POPULATIONS

COMMUNITY

SAME SPECIESLIVING TOGETHER

IN AN AREA

Ex: “herd”

DIFFERENT

POPULATIONS

LIVING TOGETHER

IN AN AREA

BIOLOGY; Miller and Levine; Prentice Hall;2006

slide7
_______________________ _____________

ECOSYSTEMS

BIOMES

BIOSPHERE

All the organisms that

live in a place together

with their NON-living

environment

Group of ecosystems

that have same climate

and similar communities

The portion of the planet

in which all life exists

IMAGE SOURCES: see last slide

slide8
SPECIES

Organisms so similar to one another that they can breed and produce fertile offspring = _____________

http://suedafrika.net/bluegifs/twooryx.jpg

slide9
http://environnement.ecoles.free.fr/Site-chevaux/images/etalon_quarter_horse_genuine_redskin.jpg

http://www.caribbeanart.com/art/j-portrait-donkey.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mule

EX: Horse X donkey = mule

64 chromosomes

62 chromosomes

63 chromosomes

Horses and donkeys are different species.

If you breed them, the result is a mule

which can NOT have offspring!

slide10
The scientific study of interactions of organisms with each other and with their environment = ______________

The portion of the planet in which all life exists = _________________

(includes land, water, atmosphere)

ECOLOGY

BIOSPHERE

Extends from about

8 km above the Earth’s surface

to 11 km below the ocean’s surface

http://jaeger.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/Images/Topographic/Whole_Earth/Earth_100.jpg

what shapes an ecosystem
WHAT SHAPES AN ECOSYSTEM?

BIOTIC FACTORS

__________________

All the living things an

organism interacts with

__________________

All the non-living things that

affect an organism

Ex: climate, temperature, sunlight

soil, humidity, wind

ABIOTIC FACTORS

Images from: Pearson Education Inc; Publishing as Pearson Prentice Hall

slide12
HABITAT

__________________

= The area where an organism lives

A rattlesnake lives in a desert in the American Southwest

http://animals.timduru.org/dirlist/snake/animalwild089-RattleSnake-FaceCloseup.jpg

http://www.rvstogophx.com/images/arizona_desert_sm.jpg

slide13
NICHE

_____________

= place it lives PLUS the

_____________ & ______________

interactions it has in that place

NICHE includes: Where it lives PLUS . . .

What it eats? What eats it?

Where in the habitat it lives?In a tree, in a pond,underground

Its actions… hibernating, migrating, etcWhen & how it reproduces?

biotic

abiotic

habitat vs niche
http://www.electricwomen.com/hunterspoint/images/21-street-sign-moreell.jpgHABITAT vs NICHE?

Habitat is like an

organism’s ____________

Niche is like an

organism’s ______________

address

OCCUPATION

http://resmedicinae.sourceforge.net/logos/doctor.png

http://www.michcampgrounds.com/yogibears/yogi-picnic-cartoon.jpg

http://www.formaui.org/kamalii/critters.htm

slide15
NO TWO SPECIES CAN

SHARE THE SAME NICHE !

Competitive exclusion principle

= ______________________________

BIOLOGY; Miller and Levine; Prentice Hall; 2006

the earth is solar powered
The Earth is SOLAR POWERED!

ALL LIVING THINGS USE ENERGY

_____________ is the main source of energy for life on Earth.

SUNLIGHT

http://www.animation-station.com/smileys/index.php?page=17

autotrophs producers can make their own food
AUTOTROPHS = PRODUCERSCan make their own food

ALL LIVING THINGS USE ENERGY

Most autotrophs use _______________

to capture solar energy

Main producers on land

= green plants

In water = algae

PHOTOSYNTHESIS

BIOLOGY; MIller and Levine; Prentice Hall; 2006

slide18
absence of light

Some autotrophs can make own food in the ____________________

They use energy stored in

________________ of

______________________to produce

carbohydrates = ___________________

Ex: Bacteria that

live in HOSTILE places

Like volcano vents, hot springs,

marshes

chemical bonds

INORGANIC MOLECULES

CHEMOSYNTHESIS

BIOLOGY; MIller and Levine; Prentice Hall; 2006

heterotrophs get energy from consuming other organisms
CONSUMERSHETEROTROPHS = ____________Get energy from consuming other organisms

http://www.epa.gov/region5/superfund/ecology/images/fishcartoon.gif

heterotrophs consumers
HETEROTROPHS = CONSUMERS

HERBIVORES

________________ =

eat only plants

________________ =

eat only animals

________________ =

eat both plants & animals

CARNIVORES

OMNIVORES

http://gallery.hd.org/_exhibits/natural-science/_more2003/_more09/elephant-eating-greenery-in-Addo-Park-Eastern-Cape-South-Africa-2-WL.jpg

http://personal.ecu.edu/wuenschk/rabbit-wolf.gif

http://www.rodsguide.com/bears/eating.jpg

heterotrophs consumers1
HETEROTROPHS = CONSUMERS

DETRITIVORES

________________ =

feed on plant & animal remains

EX: mites, earthworms,

snails, crabs

________________ =

break down and absorb organic matter

EX: bacteria & fungi

DECOMPOSERS

http://montereybayphotos.com/images/nature/2.jpg

http://www.fwnp.com/bracket-fungi.htm

slide22
Energy flows through an ecosystem in a series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by being eaten

CONSUMERS(Heterotrophs)

________________

_________________

= _________________

PRODUCERS(Autotrophs)

FOOD CHAIN

http://fig.cox.miami.edu/Faculty/Dana/foodchain.jpg

slide24
TROPHIC LEVEL

Each step in a food chain or web =

_______________

______________

ALWAYS

make up the

________

trophic level.

PRODUCERS

FIRST

http://home.insightbb.com/~g.mager/Pond/Ecosystem.htll

slide25
Lower levels must be

bigger to support the

level above.

Only about_____ of

the energy from

each level is passed

on.

10%

http://home.insightbb.com/~g.mager/Pond/Ecosystem.htll

slide26
Some energy is used

for life processes

such as growth,

development,

movement,

metabolism,

transport, and

reproduction.

The rest is

lost as ________

HEAT

http://home.insightbb.com/~g.mager/Pond/Ecosystem.htll

slide27
WHAT DO CELLS USE ENERGY FOR ?

ACTIVE TRANSPORT

Na+ - K + PUMPEndocytosis

Exocytosis

Animation from: http://www.lionden.com/cell_animations.htm

See a movie

Animation from: http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/biology/bio4fv/page/cell-movement.html

what do cells use energy for
WHAT DO CELLS USE ENERGY FOR ?

Movement

Synthesis of biomolecules

Meiosis: http://www.tokyo-med.ac.jp/genet/anm/

Cilia: http://www.sk.lung.ca/content.cfm?edit_realword=hwbreathe

Replication: http://www.beyondbooks.com/lif71/4c.asp

Transcription:http://www.wappingersschools.org/RCK/staff/teacherhp/johnson/visualvocab/mRNA.gif

Translation:

slide29
Growth and

Development

REPRODUCTION

Family image from: http://babyhearing.org/Parenet2Parent/index.asp

south dakota core science standards
SOUTH DAKOTA CORE SCIENCE STANDARDS

LIFE SCIENCE:Indicator 3: Analyze how organisms are linked to

oneanother and the environment.

9-12.L.3.1. Students are able to identify factors that can cause changes in stability of populations, communities, and ecosystems.

  • Define populations, communities, ecosystems, niches

and symbiotic relationships.

  • Predict the results of biotic and abiotic interactions.

Examples:

Dormancy and migration Fluctuation in available resources (water, food, shelter) Biogeochemical cycles Energy flow Cooperation and competition in ecosystems

south dakota core science standards1
SOUTH DAKOTA CORE SCIENCE STANDARDS

LIFE SCIENCE:Indicator 3: Analyze how organisms are linked to one another

and the environment.

9-12.L.3.1. Students are able to identify factors that can cause changes in stability of populations, communities, and ecosystems.

  • Define populations, communities, ecosystems, niches and symbiotic relationships.
  • Predict the results of biotic and abiotic interactions.

Examples:

Fluctuation in available resources (water, food, shelter) Energy flow

image bibliography
IMAGE BIBLIOGRAPHY

http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/summer2004/lect02.htm

Paint image by Riedell

Paint image by Riedell

http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookCHEM2.html#Organic%20molecules

http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evosite/evo101/images/dna_bases.gif

slide34
http://bioweb.wku.edu/courses/BIOL115/Wyatt/Biochem/Carbos/Carb_poly.gif

http://vilenski.org/science/safari/cellstructure/golgi.html

http://www.science.siu.edu/plant-biology/PLB117/JPEGs%20CD/0076.JPG

http://classes.kumc.edu/som/bioc801/lectures/images/mem01-08.gif

http://www.biology4kids.com/files/cell_nucleus.html

slide35
http://www.biologyclass.net/mitochondria.jpe

http://www.ncu.edu.tw/~ls/graph/faculty_pictures/whole_time/SLC/SLC_lab-1.jpg

http://www.kufm.kagoshima-u.ac.jp/~anatomy2/BON/1016A03.jpg

http://www.carolguze.com/text/102-19-tissuesorgansystems.shtml

http://academic.pg.cc.md.us/~aimholtz/AandP/206_ONLINE/Immune/Innate_Images/cilia.jpg

http://www.emc.maricopa.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/BioBookAnimalTS.html

http://www.agen.ufl.edu/~chyn/age2062/lect/lect_19/147b.gif

slide36
http://vilenski.org/science/safari/fungus/fungus.html

http://www.proctitispages.force9.co.uk/

http://www.harrythecat.com/graphics/

http://bestanimations.com

http://www.inclusive.co.uk/downloads/images/pics2/tree.gif

http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/homepage.htm

http://sps.k12.ar.us/massengale/animal%20dissections.htm

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