Cities Without SuburbsBy David Rusk Presented by Carissa Bunning Becky Canovan Lyndsay Leggott
Key Terms • Elastic • Inelastic • Metropolitan government
Introduction • Elastic vs. inelastic • Characteristics • Strategies • Conclusions
Characteristics of Metro Areas • 5 categories of elasticity • Zero • Low • Medium • High • Hyper
Elastic cities “capture” suburban growth; inelastic cities “contribute” to suburban growth.
Fragmented local government fosters segregation; unified local government promotes integration.
The smaller the income gap between city and suburb, the greater the economic progress for the whole metropolitan community.
Poverty is more concentrated in inelastic cities than in elastic cities.
Characteristics of Metro Areas • The point of no return • City/suburb economic disparities • The city is no longer a place in which to invest or create jobs. • No city past the point of return has ever closed the economic gap with its suburbs by as much as a single percentage point!
Characteristics of Metro Areas • Cities without suburbs • 2 standards • 23 cities • Social equity • Economic mobility • Availability of resources
Strategies for Stretching Cities • End fiscal imbalance • Diminish racial and economic segregation • Promote economic progress • Control urban sprawl
Urban “Triage” • Preventative medicine • Out-patient treatment • Major surgery • Life-support systems
State Government Initiatives • Unify local governments • Consolidate city and county • Combine counties into regional governments • Consolidation impact • Authorize annexation • Limit new municipalities • Promote regional partnerships
Federal Government Initiatives • Incentives for metropolitan reorganization • Slowing urban sprawl • Leveling the playing field • Ending public housing contracts
Citizen Initiatives • Voluntary civic action • Business organizations • Chambers of commerce
Conclusions and Recommendations • Metro governments are the best solution for governing metro areas, however metro governments are not always plausible. • In this case, racial and economic integration must occur. • To achieve this, cooperation on the part of local, state, and federal governments is essential.
Sources • http://www.engr.utexas.edu/che/students/photos/austin-1.cfm