Helping Students Interpret Earth and People Through Geography Presented by Angela Avila Andrea Grinage Andrea Arthurs ArdetteMcFadzen
Objectives • Enable audience to comprehend what geography encompass. • Applying positive personal experience in learning and delivering of concepts about geography. • Connect Geography across subject areas and daily activities and environment. • Identify and locate resources for teaching Geography • Recognize the impact and move towards technology in the learning process.
What is geography? Geography is the study of earths’ landscape, people, places and environment.
What is geographical location? • The exact place on earth that an object, person, place or thing is.
Geography informs us about: • The places and communities in which we live and work • Our natural environments and the pressures they face • The interconnectedness of the world and our communities within it • How and why the world is changing, globally and locally • How our individual and societalactions contribute to those changes • The choices that exist in managing our world for the future • The importance of location in business and decision-making
Size, Population, Borders, Belize in the Region • Formerly British Honduras • Population: 314, 522 (July 2010 estimate) • Capital: Belmopan • Divided into 6 Districts • Bordering Countries: Guatemala and Mexico and also the Caribbean Sea • Land Area: 8, 867 square miles (22, 966 sq km) • Coastline: 320 miles (516 km) • Highest Point: Doyle’s Delight at 3,805 feet (1, 160 m) • http:// geography.about.com/od/belizemaps/a/belizegeography.htm
Weather, Climate, Water, Wind • Subtropical, tempered by trade wind • Coastal district 10C (50F) to about 35.6C(96F) • Rainfall 1.295 milliliter in north to 4,445 milliliter in the extreme south • Dry season extends from February to May, sometime a dry spell in August http://www.belize.gov.bz/ct.asp?xItem=720&CtNode=576&mp=27
Landscape of Belize • Northern Low Land • Maya Mountain • Coastal Zone • Southern Low Land
Belize in the World • Hemisphere • Continents • Oceans in the World
Caribbean Country Guyana
Geography • Coordinates: 5N 59 W • Area • Total: 214,970 sq km • Land: 196,850 sq km • Water: 18, 120 sq km • Boundaries • Brazil: 1,119 km • Suriname: 600 km • Venezuela: 743 km • Coastline : 459 km (Caribbean Sea)
Fact about Guyana • Got independence since 1966 • Population in 1990 was 690,000 • Total area is 214,969 square kilometres/ 82, 999 square miles • Capital city is Georgetown • Most important industries are bauxite, sugar, rice, cattle, manufacturing, forest products, gold.
Maritime claims: • territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Climate • tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)
Terrain: • mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savannah in south • Elevation extremes: • lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
Five Themes of Geography • Location • Place • Relationships • Movement • Region
Education Standards and Elements of Geography • Element 1: The World in Spatial Terms • Element 2: Places and Regions • Element 3: Physical Systems • Element 4: Human Systems • Element 5: Environment and Society • Element 6: The Uses of Geography
Resources for Teaching Geography • Paper and Pencils • Photographs, documents, maps and charts • School environment • Natural resources • Government and NGOs • Workers in the private sector • Technology
Research on Map and Globe Skills Types of space that children learn • Topological/topographical • Projective Space • Euclidian
Helping Students Learn and Use Map and Globe Skills Reading a map or globe requires knowledge of the following: • Shape and Pattern • Symbols • Directions • Distance • Grid
Mapping • Grids • Longitude • Latitude • Scales • Tropics • Plates
Methodology • Creating own maps • Using map as a review • Use of Google Map • Creating grids in classroom • Interaction with globes and maps • Use of puzzles in creating patterns and shapes for locations • Use of string to measure distance
Suggested Assessment Strategies • Locate Belize or given countries on a blank map of the world and insert names and boundary lines. Predict climate and time changes and their effects. • Identify how landforms, water bodies and vegetation can be changed by revolution and the structure of the earth location of landmass and water bodies in relation to the regions where plate meets.
Conclusion Geographically literate citizens are aware of : • What is happening in the world • Why it is happening • How it affects others and themselves worldwide
References • P. Liz. (2010). Primary social studies: Connecting countries. Oxford: Macmillan Publishers Ltd. • A. Lisel. (1996). Coastal treasures of belize. Belize: Angelus Press Ltd. • P. Clara.(1996). Caribbean social studies. Hong Kong: Macmillan Education Ltd.