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Characteristics of Humor. Hyperbole/Exaggeration . A figure of speech (a form of irony) in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement. Satire. Human ridiculousness we want to avoid Can also be called scornful comedy

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Characteristics of Humor

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hyperbole exaggeration
  • A figure of speech (a form of irony) in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement
  • Human ridiculousness we want to avoid
  • Can also be called scornful comedy
  • Usually centers around a moral/social injustice to prove how it is wrong
  • Satire doesn't have to be political, but it has to cut to the core of the hypocrisy/idiocy of its real-life target in a way such that the most frequent targets are stupid political or social viewpoints.
  • a remark made usually to hurt someone's feelings or show scorn

Sarcasm is often used in satire.

  • To mock or humorously imitate an existing work
  • Examples:
    • Shrek=fairy tales parody
    • Weird Al Yankovich songs (“Beat It” “Like a Surgeon”)
examples of parody
Examples of Parody
  • Popular movies that fall under the parody category include:
  • “Police Academy” (spoof on police movies of the 1980s)
  • “Austin Powers” (spoof on James Bond movies)
  • “Blazing Saddles” (spoof on American Western movies)
  • “Scary Movie” (spoof on horror movies)
irony we know it isn t on the notes sheet add it to the bottom
Irony(we know it isn’t on the notes sheet, add it to the bottom)
  • 3 types: dramatic, situational, verbal
  • Dramatic: audience knows something character does not
  • Situational: audience expectations differ from what actually occurs
  • Verbal: what is said is opposite of what is meant
  • A play on words
  • Sometimes on different senses of the same word
  • Sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words.
examples of puns
Examples of Puns
  • To write with a broken pencil is pointless.
  • He said I was average - but he was just being mean.
  • A rubber band pistol was confiscated from algebra class because it was a weapon of math disruption.
the purpose of puns
The purpose of puns
  • The pun-user may play with words in any way necessary to fit purpose:
    • Jokes
    • To fit a theme
    • To show the archetypal smart character (uses clever sayings, often to provide comic relief in tragedies)
    • To make an ALLUSION to a well known work (foreshadowing)

Pun Purpose—To fit a theme

  • Katie Current=Katie Courick
  • Gup Store=Gap
  • Martha Sturgeon’s Flowers=Martha Stewart
  • Fish King=Burger King
  • Walk of Fame~Cod Stewart=Rod Stewart, Mussell Crowe=Russell Crowe, Jessica Shrimpson=Jessica Simpson, Seal=a seal, the animal, plops onto star
  • Prawn Shop=Pawn Shop
  • Shell Phones=Cell Phones
  • Scallop Poll=Gallup Poll
  • Opening Scene of Shark Tale
  • City is modeled after New York City
  • Purpose-To make everything in Times Square fit an underwater/ocean theme
pun purpose to make an allusion foreshadow
Pun Purpose—To make an allusion/foreshadow
  • Fresh Prince of Bel-Air Episode: “I Know Why the Caged Bird Screams” puns Angelou’s “I Know why the Caged Bird Sings”
    • Foreshadows that there will be a caged bird in the episode-Carlton, in peacock mascot suit, gets captured by rival school
  • Simpson’s Episode: "The Crepes of Wrath” puns Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath
    • Foreshadows that the setting will be in France (crepes) and that a character (Bart, in this case) will experience Great Depression-like circumstances
  • something said or done to provoke laughter or cause amusement, as a witticism, a short and amusing anecdote, or a prankish act
joke examples
Joke Examples
  • Can't you retain anything in your head overnight?Of course, I've had this cold in my head for two days!Are you in the top half of your class?No, I'm one of the students who make the top half possible!The picture of the horse is good, but where is the wagon?The horse will draw it
  • a picture, description, etc., ludicrously exaggerating the peculiarities or defects of persons or things
  • short account (or narrative) of an interesting or amusing incident, often intended to illustrate or support some point
example of an anecdote
Example of an anecdote
  • Here's one:Growing up in California, Kevin Spacey was a difficult child. Years later, he was asked why, at the age of 14, his parents had shipped him off to military academy following an incident. "I won't tell you exactly what the incident was that made my parents send me to military school," Spacey replied. "Let's just say it involved my sister's tree-house and some matches."
what is this
What is this?
  • There was the person who sent an e-mail with ten different puns to his friends, with the hope that at least one of the puns would make them laugh. No pun in ten did.