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Media Techniques. Learning Intentions: Learn about the different camera angles and the impact on the viewer. Camera Angle Shots. Camera angle shots influence the viewer’s perception of the film and the characters. There are many different shots but we will focus on the following:.

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media techniques

Media Techniques

Learning Intentions:

Learn about the different camera angles and the impact on the viewer

camera angle shots
Camera Angle Shots
  • Camera angle shots influence the viewer’s perception of the film and the characters. There are many different shots but we will focus on the following:
2 close up shot cu
2. Close Up Shot (CU)
  • The character’s face takes up most of the frame. It is done to show emotion.
3 extreme close up ecu
3. Extreme Close Up (ECU)
  • The camera focuses on a part of something (eyes, lips...etc).
4 medium shot
4. Medium Shot
  • Camera shot from waist or chest upwards. Can include 1-2+ people.
5 long shot wide shot
5. Long Shot/Wide Shot
  • Shows the entire character/object in relation to their surroundings.
6 ariel shot
6. Ariel Shot
  • Sometimes referred to as a bird’s eye view shot. It shows the entire image from up high.
7 zoom shot
7. Zoom Shot
  • The camera will either zoom into focus on something or zoom out to reveal more details.
8 high angle shot
8. High Angle Shot
  • The camera is set high and shoots on a downward angle. It can make people look vulnerable and less powerful.
9 low angle shot
9. Low Angle Shot
  • The camera is set low and looks up. This can make the character seem more powerful.
10 over the shoulder shot
10. Over the Shoulder Shot
  • This shot is positioned over someone’s shoulder. Usually done in conversation.
11 point of view shot
11. Point of View Shot
  • Camera shows the scene through the character’s eyes.
12 panning tracking shot
12. Panning/Tracking Shot
  • The camera shoots the scene moving horizontally. It shows the setting/landscape.
  • Tracking shots follow the movement of the character.

We are going to watch the first scene of the film.

We will watch it three times.

In the box you should write what happens

I want you to write onto your storyboard the name of the camera angle and the effect it gives.

importance of sound
Importance of Sound
  • Although what we see in a film is important, the sounds we hear also play an important role.
  • Sound and music help us understand the content of the film much better.
importance of sound1
Importance of Sound...
  • Filmmakers include sound and music because:
  • Gives audience clues to emotion...
    • Tells us how characters personally feel.
    • Tells us about how they feel towards other characters.
    • Lets us know how we should feel.
importance of sound2
Importance of Sound...
  • Filmmakers include sound and music because:
  • It creates the atmosphere/mood of the scene.
    • For instance, music can be used to tell the audience when something is supposed to be frightening and dark.
diagetic vs non diagetic
Diagetic vs. Non-Diagetic
  • Diagetic Sound:
  • Sound or music recorded in the movie’s world. Example: a door closing, gun being fired, police siren.
  • Non-Diagetic Sound:
  • Sound or music that is added to the film during the editing process. Most often, non-diagetic sound is music.
  • Listen to the music in the opening scene.
  • Write down next to each camera shot what the music is, and the effect it creates on the viewer.
task the second
Task the Second
  • Watch the following scene.
  • Take note of what is Diagetic and Non-Diagetic in the scene.
  • Write down the effect of both types of music upon your viewing.
definition mise en scene
Definition: Mise En Scene
  • A French term meaning what is put into a scene or frame
  • Visual information in front of the camera
  • Communicates essential information to the audience
  • Made up of 5 elements: Can you guess what they are?
the 5 elements of mise en scene
The 5 Elements of Mise en Scene

Each aspect of mise-en-scene has hidden meanings within a film and sends signals to the audience about how we are supposed to feel at a certain point

  • Settings & Props
  • Costume, Hair & Make Up
  • Facial Expressions & Body Language
  • Lighting & Colour
  • Positioning of characters/objects within the frame
2 costume hair make up
2. Costume, Hair & Make Up
  • Costume, Hair & Make Up act as an instant indicator to us of a character’s personality, status & job
  • It tells us immediately whether the film is set in the present and what society/or culture it will centre around
  • Certain costumes can signify certain individuals (i.e. black cloak of a vampire, Spidey’s Spiderman suit)
3 facial expressions body language
3. Facial Expressions & Body Language
  • Facial Expressions provide a clear indicator of how someone is feeling
  • If someone is smiling broadly, we assume they are happy but we may get a different feeling if this is accompanied by scary music
  • Body Language may also indicate how a character feels towards another character or may reflect the state of their relationship
  • TASK: What meanings/emotions do the following images convey:
4 positioning of characters objects within a frame
4. Positioning of Characters & Objects within a frame
  • Positioning within a frame can draw our attention to an important character/object
  • A film-maker can use positioning to indicate relationships between people
  • What does the positioning in the following images reveal about the characters/film:
5 lighting colour
5. Lighting & Colour

Lighting & Colour can be used to achieve a variety of effects:

  • To highlight important characters or objects within the frame
  • To make characters look mysterious by shading sections of the face & body
  • To reflect a characters mental state/hidden emotions (i.e. bright = happy, dark = disturbed, strobe effect = confused
types of lighting
Types of Lighting
  • Created by using only the key & back lights
  • Produces sharp contrasts of light and dark areas
  • Deep, distinct shadows/silhouettes are formed

Example: Horror Films

types of lighting1
Types of Lighting
  • More filler lights are used. Lighting is natural and realistic to our eyes
  • Produces brightly lit sets or a sunny day (right)

Example: Rom-Coms


Look at the next screen shot: a wide shot.

  • What does the mise-en-scene tell you about the location?
  • Think about:
  • Lighting
  • Location
  • Colour
  • Props